Hebrew Bible

 

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Bible

OT - NT

Christensen JETS 39:545-546; ABXBA (Primary History / Latter Prophets / Daniel / Writings, without Esther / NT – with nearly perfect balance on word-counts); “pentateuchal structure.”

Gen – Revelation

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 311, ABCXCBA.

OLD TESTAMENT

Gen - Ezra-Nehemiah

Christensen JETS 39:537-548 (whole OT, centering on Daniel); ABXBA; cf Dorsey Literary Structure of the OT.

Gen 1 - II Kings

Newing Colloquium 17:1-15. Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 14, ABCXCBA.

Hexateuch

Gen 1:1 - Josh 24:33

Newing SEAGST 22/2:5 n.10; ABCDEFGXGFEDCBA; Newing Australian Biblical Review 41:18-34; ABCDEFGHXHGFEXDCBH; Dorsey Literary Structure 47-102.

Pentateuch (Tora)

Gen – Deut

Radday BM 20-21:71; LB 19:21-22; CIA 84-86,88-89; di Marco LB 36:48; centers on Lev 19:18 and Holiness Code; Gen is the “anticipatory prologue” and Deut is the “retrospective recapitulation”; Christensen JETS 39:537-548; ABXBA; Mendenhall & Herion in Freedman, ed., ABD, I:1185, with “murmuring” on the way to Sinai, and on the way from Sinai (Ex 15:22 - 17:7 ∥Num 11, 14, 16); cf Hillel in TB Shabbat 31a (2:6); R. Aqiba in Torat Kohanim, and Rashi; Mt 7:12b ∥22:40.

Gen 49:1 – Deut 33:29

Leuenberger Segen 374; chiastic inclusio.

Gen 2:1-3 – Ex 39:43

Leuenberger Segen 408?; framing inclusio.

Genesis

1:1 - 50:26

Radday CIA 101; ABA (prologue - centerpiece - epilogue); Christensen JETS 39:537-548; ABXBA; Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 21, 24-25, ABXBA.

1:1 - 49:33

Radday BM 20-21:64-65,69; LB 19:14-19; peak on Mt Moriah; cf Kikawada in Jackson & Kessler, eds. Rhetorical Crit., 32, with Gen 11 as the crossover point; Vawter On Genesis 175-176.

1:1 – 14:24

Prewitt, The Elusive Covenant, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

1:1 - 11:32

Kikawada in Jackson & Kessler, eds. Rhetorical Crit., 31-32; inclusion; Christensen JETS 39:537-548; ABXBA; Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 15, 23, 76, ABCXCBA.

1:1 – 7:24

Prewitt, The Elusive Covenant, ABBA.

1:1 - 11:32 ∥Jonah 1:1 - 4:11

Hesse & Kikawada AJBI 10:3-19; Kikawada in Freedman, ed. Anchor Bible Dictionary IV:1128; ABCDEEDCBA reversal of whole Primeval History.

1:1-6:8

Dorsey, Literary Structure, ABCDCBA.

1:1-3:24

Wilson, Divine Symmetries, ABCDCBA.

1:1 - 2:4a

Shea Origins 5:9-38; cf Porten HUCA 38:95; Kselman JBL 97:164 n.15, inclusion within inclusion; Habel Literary Crit., 69-70; McEvenue Narrative 49-50,81,114; Westermann Genesis Accounts 14ff.; inclusion framing the iterative poetry of the symmetrical six days of creation; Kempf JTTL 7/4:33-53; ABBA; Walsh, Style and Structure, ABBA.

1:1 - 2:3

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1344; two balanced “chiastic panels,” “locked by the central chiasm (abba) and enveloped by a similarly worded introduction and conclusion.”

1:1 - 2:2

Deimel Enuma Eliš und Hexaemeron 77-81, cited in di Marco LB 36:25-26; cf Sarna Understanding 1.

1:1-5

Borgen NTS 16:288-295; Ladd, And He Spake unto Me, 275, abcdefggfebcda.

1

Boccaccio-Berardi Bere’šit – Gn 1-11 37-40, cited in di Marco LB 36:28; Shea Origins 5:9-38; ABA.

1:2-29

Kselman JBL 97:164; inclusion framing heptaemeron.

1:2-23

R. Smith; centers on third day of creation; “create” ∥”create.”

1:2

Kselman JBL 97:163; poetic tricolon; cf RSP I:127.

1:3-19

Coloe, Australian Biblical Review: 45: 40-55, ABCCBA.

1:5a

Ceresko CBQ 38:309; Kselman JBL 97:164; cf Andersen Sentence 129; abc:bac’.

1:9 - 2:22

Shea Origins 5:9-38.

1:10

Andersen Sentence 129; Kselman JBL 97:164-165.

1:11 - 2:20

R. Smith; cf Porten HUCA 38:95; von Rad Genesis (1973) 75-77; McEvenue Narrative 63; creation of man flanks chiastic transition at 2:4.

1:14-18

Wenham, Genesis 1-15, ABCDDCBA.

1:16-17

Carlston Discovering Chiasmus in the Writings of the Prophets 16, EIJKKJIE.

1:20

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32; Andersen Sentence 105-106,134; two sides of one event.

1:22-23

Andersen Sentence 108,134; imperatives ∥jussive.

1:24-26∥6:7

Levinson in Rosenblatt & Sitterson, eds. Coherence and Complexity 129-153; ABC∥CBA.

1:25

Wenham, Genesis 1-15, ABBA.

1:26

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 1, abccba.

1:26-30

R. Smith; sixth day.

1:27

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32; Radday BM 20-21:50; Andersen Sentence 55 (epic repetition); Bühlmann & Scherer, Stilfiguren, 40, cited in di Marco LB 36:26; di Marco Il Chiasmo; Kselman JBL 97:165-166; tricolon; Welch Chiasmus Bibliography 160 =JBMS 4/2:4.

1:29

McEvenue Narrative 68.

2:3b

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32.

2:4

Weiss BM 13:50; Porten HUCA 38:95; Welch UF VI:425; Kempf JTTL 7/4:33-53; Mettinger Eden Narrative 13 n. 8 (a “bridge” between the Creation and Eden Narratives); ABCCBA; Wenham, Genesis 1-15, abccba.

2:4b - 3:24

Walsh JBL 96:169-177, cited by Radday CIA 98-99; ABCDCBA; multistructured Garden of Eden Story in seven scenes, centering on 3:6-8 (fourth act); ABCDCBA, and ABA (deleting 2:11-14 as glosse [as in Bk of Abraham]).

2:4b-24

R. Smith; cf Sarna Understanding 2.

2:5-3:24

Douglas, Thinking in Circles 15, ABCDEEFGFDBCAB.

2:5-9

Ceresko CBQ 38:309.

2:5

Andersen Sentence 135.

2:7-9

Kikawada in Jackson & Kessler, eds. Rhetorical Crit. 24; crossover point; cf. Ceresko & Walsh on same verses herein.

2:7-8

Walsh JBL 96:162; inclusion.

2:8

Testa Genesi 1-11 281, cited in di Marco LB 36:26.

2:23b

Walsh JBL 96:164; elaborate chiasm with pun; Shea Origins 5:9-38.

2:24

R. Smith.

3:1-13

Walsh JBL 96:167; scenes inverted (1-6 ∥12-13).

3:6-11

Walsh JBL 96:167; scenes inverted (6-8 ∥9-11).

3:6-7

Walsh JBL 96:166; centering on emphatic wayyō’kal!

3:9-10

Boys, TS, 8, abccba.

3:9-19

Lund CNT 59, and Boccaccio & Berardi Bere’šit – Gn 1-11 37-40, cited in di Marco LB 36:26,28; Andersen Sentence 129; “extended introversion” of serpent-man-woman; cf. Mettinger Eden 25,82 n. 79 (vss 11-19).

3:16

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32.

3:17b-18

Watson CIA 162 n. 33; ABCBA pentacolon with double-duty clause at center; cf Andersen Sentence 99.

3:19

Bullinger Figures of Speech; ABBA; König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, and Bühlmann & Scherer, Stilfiguren, 40, cited in di Marco LB 36:26,32; di Marco Il Chiasmo; Andersen Sentence 133; Walsh JBL 96:167-168; three-element chiasm; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 28, abba.

4:1-2

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 36, abba.

4:1-5

Boccaccio & Berardi Bere’šit – Gn 1-11 37-40, cited in di Marco LB 36:28; four chiasms; Boys, TS, 8, abbacddc.

4:2-4(5a)

Andersen Sentence 123,137; multiple, ab:ba, and chiastic chain – citing Freedman on epic narrative and rhetorical effect.

4:2

Andersen Sentence 122.

4:3-4a

Andersen Sentence 122.

4:4b-5a

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32; Radday BM 20-21:50, citing Segal Intro. Bible I; Andersen Sentence 122,129,158; Ceresko UF 7:88; Boys, TS, 8, effe.

4:4b

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32.

4:8

Boys, TS, 71, abba.

4:12

R. Smith; cf Andersen Sentence 45-46 (J).

4:17 - 11:9

Lund CNT 61-62, cited in di Marco LB 36:29.

4:22

Andersen Sentence 88,158; circumstantial.

4:23-24

di Marco Il Chiasmo; ABBA.

4:24

Radday BM 20-21:50; Bühlmann & Scherer, Stilfiguren, 40, cited in di Marco LB 36:26; Song of Lamech.

4:26

Andersen Sentence 158.

5:1a∥11:27,31-2

McEvenue Narrative 38-40, n. 28; inclusion of Book of Genealogical Notices (P) as frame of 6:9-10∥9:28-29.

5

Barmouin Rb 77:351, n.10, cited in di Marco LB 36:26.

5:1

Andersen Sentence 54 (P); inclusion; cf Kselman JBL 97:166.

5:1-2

Wenham, Genesis 1-15, ABCCBA.

6:1 - 9:17

Radday BM 20-21:67-68; LB 19;14-15; CIA 99-100; cf McEvenue Narrative 24-82,190.

6:3 - 9:16

Radday CIA 99; ABCDEFGHGFEDBCA; r = -0.976; Emerton VT 38:1-21; ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

6:4

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32.

6:5 - 8:22

Boccaccio & Berardi Bere’šit – Gn 1-11 37-40, and Rendtorff KerDo 7:69-78, cited in di Marco LB 36:28-29; McEvenue Narrative 27-35 (J); centers on death, with climactic, syntactic inversion at 7:22.

6:5-8

Wenham, Genesis 1-15, ABCBA.

6:5 - 7:23

Galbiati Struttura 60-62, cited in di Marco LB 36:27-28.

6:5 - 7:22

Ballerini Introduzione II; AabcdeDCEfDCdcgaA.

6:6 - 9:19

Lund CNT 61-62, cited in Welch thesis 25-27; Wenham VT 28:338; Kikawada & Quinn Before Abraham 104, called into question by L. Bailey JBL 106:317, as being “contrived.”

6:6-7

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32

6:8-9

Wenham VT 28:341; ABCDEEDCBA.

6:9 - 9:29

McEvenue Narrative 28-80 (P); ABCDEFEDCBA; di Marco LB 36:30.

6:9 - 9:19

Testa Genesi 1 - 11; ABXBA; Mathews in Dockery, et al., eds. Foundations 205-231; ABCDEFEDCBA; Wenham, Genesis 1-15, ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

6:10 - 9:19

Emerton VT 38:1-21; APA; Garrett B&S 6/2:34-49, citing Wenham.

6:10 – 11:19

Wenham, VT 28, 1978, 338, ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPONMLKJIHGFEDCBA.

6:11 - 9:17

Zuck Basic Bible.

6:11,12b∥9:1-3

McEvenue Narrative 68-69; chiastic correspondences (P).

6:11-13

McEvenue Narrative 29,41,78; di Marco LB 36:29.

6:11-12

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32.

6:11

Emerton VT 38:1-21; ABBA.

6:12

Radday BM 20-21:50; McEvenue Narrative 42 (P).

6:13-21

McEvenue Narrative 30,41-42,50-51; direct and chiastic; short-long∥long-short (P); overlaps at 6:13 from palistrophe in 6:11-13.

6:14a

McEvenue Narrative 43,52; short-circuit inclusion and chiasm (P); di Marco LB 35:30.

6:15

McEvenue Narrative 127 (P).

6:17∥7:21-22

Andersen Sentence 39-40 (JP); appositives.

6:17

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32.

6:18b-19a

Andersen Sentence 132.

6:19 - 9:19

Wenham VT 28:336-348; APA.

6:19a-20b

McEvenue Narrative 48; “very marked inclusion” for animals (P).

6:22b

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32; McEvenue Narrative 44,51-52; short-circuit inclusion; cf 6:14a (echo).

7:4-10a

Schwartz, letter to John Welch, abcdefghgfedcba and ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

7:4 - 8:12

Mathews in Dockery, et al., eds. Foundations 205-231; ABCDDCBA.

7:5-16

Kessler in Jackson & Kessler, eds. Rhetorical Crit. 3,10; ABA.

7:5∥9b

McEvenue Narrative 25,28,33; inclusion stressing obedience (J); cf 6:22, 7:16 (P).

7:6-17

Andersen Sentence 124-125,136; with diagram; Emerton VT 38:1-21.

7:7-16

Kessler in Jackson & Kessler, eds. Rhetorical Crit. 4, citing McEvenue; ABA.

7:7-9

Andersen Sentence 125.

7:10-24

Bar-Efrat VT 30:154-173; ABCCBA, ABCXCBADEXED; Zuck Basic Bible.

7:10-12

Andersen Sentence 124-125,127,130; cf 4:2-5, 21:9, Ex 23:28.

7:11b

Radday BM 20-21:51; Welch UF VI:423; McEvenue Narrative 59; couplet (P); Andersen Sentence 124-125; Kessler in Jackson & Kessler, eds. Rhetorical Crit. 9; Kselman CBQ 35:491-493, cited in Watson CIA 163 n. 42.

7:12-17b

Schwartz, letter to John Welch, abcdedcba.

7:13-16a

Andersen Sentence 125.

7:15-16

Andersen Sentence 128.

7:17a,18a∥24

McEvenue Narrative 63; chiastic inclusion (P).

7:17c-20

Schwartz, letter to John Welch, abcdcba.

7:17-24

Kessler in Jackson & Kessler, eds. Rhetorical Crit. 3-5; ABA; citing McEvenue.

7:18-19a

McEvenue Narrative 35; inversion to x-qatal (P); Andersen Sentence 127.

7:20-24

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, xi, abcdefghiihgfedcba.

7:20a

McEvenue Narrative 35; inversion to x-qatal (P).

7:21-23

Lund CNT 60, cited in Welch thesis, 22-23; BYUS 10:73-74; Lund AJSL 46:125-126, cited in di Marco LB 36:27; Crandall, “Ancient and Modern Chiasms,” 2, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA; Hilton, Book of Mormon Evidences, 47-48, abcdeedcba; Enslen, Connecting Links, 62, abcdeedcba.

7:21-22

Andersen Sentence 39-40 (JP); appositives; Garrett B&S 6/2:34-49; ABBA.

7:21-23d

Haws, “Chiasmus,” ABCDEFGHHGFEDCBA.

8 – 14

Prewitt, The Elusive Covenant, ABBA.

8:3a

McEvenue Narrative 34; inclusion (J); šūb.

8:5

Andersen Sentence 47 (P); apposition.

8:9a

McEvenue Narrative 34-35; climactic inversion (J).

8:11-13

McEvenue Narrative 34-35; ABCCBA.

8:11a

McEvenue Narrative 34-35; climactic inversion (J).

8:12b

McEvenue Narrative 34-35; climactic inversion (J).

8:16-19

McEvenue Narrative 52,66; short-circuit inclusion and chiasm (P).

8:16-17

McEvenue Narrative 52,66; cf 6:14,22.

8:18-19

McEvenue Narrative 52,66; short-circuit inclusion and chiasm (P); cf 6:14,22; Andersen Sentence 40; ∥46:6-7; cf Ex 1:1.

8:21

Rendtorff KerDo 7:69-78, cited in di Marco LB 36:29; Andersen Sentence 113,131; abc:acb’ (J).

9:1b∥7

Heidel Gilgamesh 2nd ed. 16; McEvenue Narrative 30,66-67; inclusion (P).

9:1-2

Andersen Sentence 108,134; imperatives ∥imperative (jussive?).

9:2

McEvenue Narrative 68; Porten & Rappaport VT 21:363-369; di Marco LB 36:30; chiastic couplet (P); cf 9:11.

9:3

McEvenue Narrative 68; di Marco LB 36:30; short-circuit inclusion and chiasm (P).

9:6a

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32; Radday BM 20-21:51; McEvenue Narrative 70, and Bühlmann & Scherer, Stilfiguren, 40, cited in di Marco LB 36:27,30; Welch UF VI:424; rhyming (“jingling”) six-word chiasm (P); Ceresko CBQ 38:305, citing Dahood; Baldwin Haggai 76; Watson CIA 124; abccba; Welch Chiasmus Bibliography 160 =JBMS 4/2:4; D. P. Wright ZAR 10:166, accepts this “as a veritable chiasmus,” and as intentional because “short and well defined.” Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 2, abccba; Yudkowsky, Jewish Bible Quarterly, 35:109, ABCCBA.

9:9-17

Wenham, Genesis 1-15, ABCDCBA.

9:10-11

McEvenue Narrative 171, cited in di Marco LB 36:30.

9:11

McEvenue Narrative 72-73 (n. 62),131; di Marco LB 36:30; chiastic couplet (P); cf 7:11b, 9:2.

9:12-17

Heidel Gilgamesh 2nd ed. 16; Galbiati Struttura 54, and McEvenue Narrative 76-78, cited in di Marco LB 36:27,30; ABCBA; palistrophe and panel writing mixed (P).

9:26-27

Ceresko CBQ 38:309.

9:27

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32.

10

Boccaccio & Berardi Bere’šit – Gn 1-11 37-40; Savasta RBI 17:348-353,363, cited in di Marco LB 36:28.

10:1∥32

McEvenue Narrative 38, and n. 28 (P); inclusion (genealogy of sons of Noah, 10:1-7,20,22-32, thus marked).

10:1-21

Lund CNT 59, cited in di Marco LB 36;27; inversion of Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

10:1-31

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 39, abccba.

10:21

Andersen Sentence 158.

11:1-9

Radday BM 20-21:68-69; LB 19:15; CIA 100-101; ABCBA, or ABCDEFGHIJKHGFEDJIBCA; r = -0.672; Kikawada in Jackson & Kessler, eds. Rhetorical Crit. 18-32; ABBA; di Marco LB 36:47; Parunak JBL 102:543; Newing in SEAGST 22/2:1-15; ABCDEFFEDCBA; Fokkelman Narrative Art 22; ABCDEFXFEDCBA; however, M. Brettler Book of Judges 11-12 finds it “weak”. Wenham, , ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

11:3

Andersen Sentence 120; Kikawada in Jackson & Kessler, eds. Rhetorical Crit. 21.

11:4

Kikawada in Jackson & Kessler, eds. Rhetorical Crit. 21.

11:7b

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32.

11:8a∥9c

Kikawada in Jackson & Kessler, eds. Rhetorical Crit. 21-22; chiastic inclusion; abc:ba’c.

11:9ab

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32.

11:27 - 22:24

Southerland ZAW 95:337-343; ABCDEFGGFEDCBA; Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 16, ABCXCBA.; Yudkowski, Jewish Bible Quarterly, 35:110-11, ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA.; Rendsburg, The Redaction of Genesis, ABCDEEDCBA

11:31 - 22:19

Kikawada & Quinn Before Abraham 96; seems to D. P. Wright ZAR 10:160-161 n. 33, to be “questionable.”

11:32 - 50:26

Prewitt in Deely & Lenhart, eds. Semiotics 536-540, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA; with multistructure. Prewitt, The Elusive Covenant, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

12 – 21

Westermann, Promises to the Fathers, ABCBA.

12 - 36

Radday CIA 101,103; AN-C-AS-C/-C-/C-AN-C-AS; multistructure; cf Prewitt in Deely & Lenhart, eds. Semiotics 532-535; Gen 12 - 17 ∥25 - 36.

12 – Josh 24

Douglas, Thinking in Circles, xiv, ABCDEFGXGFEDCBA.

12:1 - 33:20

Clark in Bratcher, et al., Understanding 52-56, ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

12 - 22

Jacob , ad loc., cited in Radday BM 20-21:66-67; LB 19:16; CIA 104-105; ABCDXEEDBCA (with inclusio of 12:1 ∥22:2); r = -0.943; di Marco LB 36:47; centers on 17 (circumcision) ∥Ex 6.

12:1 - 21:8

Isaak Direction 24/2:65-74; ABCDEFEDCBA; cites Radday.

12:1 - 21:7

Clark in Bratcher, et al., Understanding 44-47.

12:1-4

Auffret BZ 26:243-248; ABCDDCBA.

12:1b-3b

Auffret BZ 26:243-248; ABCCBA.

12:3a

Auffret BZ 26:243-248; ABCCBA.

12:3

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32; Radday BM 20-21:50, citing Segal Intro. Bible I; Andersen Sentence 131.

12:6 - 13:18∥28:11 - 35:27

Vawter On Genesis 175-176; direct parallels.

12:6

Watson CIA 134.

12:10-20

Augustin BZ 27:145-146; cf Gen 13:1, II Sam 11:2-27a.

12:10-21:34

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 16, ABCXCBA.

12:12

Andersen Sentence132.

12:16

Forbes SSS 38 abccba; Lund CNT 43, cited in Welch thesis 22, and Watson CIA 135 (noting the misunderstanding of Speiser Genesis 90); Lund SBR 46; AJSL 46:107, cited in di Marco LB 36:28; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, abccba; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 104, 146, abccba.

12:19

Ceresko UF 7:88.

13:6

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, and Bühlmann & Scherer, Stilfiguren, 40, cited in di Marco LB 36:28-29,32.

14:1-24

Galbiati in Miscellànea C. Figini 5,10; Struttura 57-58, cited in di Marco LB 36:29.

14:1-9

Galbiati in Miscellànea C. Figini 8, cited in di Marco LB 36:29. Wenham, Genesis 1-15, ABBA.

14:10b

Andersen Sentence 128.

14:13-24

Lund CNT 59; AJSL 46:121, and Galbiati in Miscellànea C. Figini 9, cited in di Marco LB 36:28-29; inversion of Mamre, Eshkol, and Aner on flanks.

14:16

Andersen Sentence 128,158.

14:17-21

Wenham, Genesis 1-15 ABBA.

14:21

Andersen Sentence 134 (imperative).

15 – 28

Prewitt, The Elusive Covenant, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

15:4

Radday BM 20-21:51.

15:6b

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32.

15:10-11

Andersen 130.

15:13-14

Andersen Sentence 133 (time).

15:13

Bullinger Number 280; ABBA; König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:32; Andersen Sentence 131; cf Gen 12:3.

16 – 17

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 17, ABCXCBA.

16:1-25:18

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 21, ABCXCBA.

16:8

Kselman JBL 97:170; ABC∥BAC; cf Gen 1:5,10.

16:11-12

Watson.

16:11

Watson CIA 128-129; ABBA tetracolon; semantic chiasm to express merismus.

16:12

Andersen Sentence 104.

17:1-25(27)

McEvenue Narrative 157-159 (ABCDECABDE), cited by Radday CIA 105-106; ABCDEFEDCBA; di Marco LB 36:30; palistrophe with triple structure centering on third speech (9-14); oath & circumcision; di Marco Il Chiasmo; ABCDEFGFEDCBA; McCoy, “Chiasmus,” 28, ABCDEXEDCBA.

17:1-7

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 23, abcdeffedcba.

17:1b-8b

McEvenue Narrative 162-163; di Marco LB 36:31; abcdc’b’a’.

17:1b-3a

McEvenue Narrative 162-163; inclusion..

17:6

Andersen Sentence 132.

17:9-14

McEvenue Narrative 78,167-171,175; Radday CIA 106; ABCDCEFBCDCEA; r = -0.429; di Marco LB 36:31; palistrophe with parallel panels.

17:10-11

Radday CIA 106; aba.

17:13-14

Radday CIA 106; aba.

17:16

Andersen Sentence 47 (P); cf 17:6.

17:19a-21b

McEvenue Narrative 175; di Marco LB 36:31; palistrophe centering on Ishmael; abcb’a’ with individual chiasms also between a-a’ and b-b’.

17:20

Andersen Sentence 129.

17:26-27

McEvenue Narrative 161, cited in di Marco LB 36:30; short-circuit inclusion.

17:26

Andersen Sentence 127.

18 – 35

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 22, ABCXCBA.

18:6-7

Andersen Sentence 129 (movement emphasized).

18:16 - 19:28

Wenham, Genesis 52, ABCDEFEDCBA.

18:16 - 19:29

Wenham VT 41:84-109; ABCDEFEDCBA.

18:22ab

Andersen Sentence 84-85; the men . . . YHWH (tikkun sopherim vs MT).

18:22b-3a

Andersen Sentence 84.

18:23-33∥19:1

Andersen Sentence 84; YHWH . . . the men.

19:3

Andersen Sentence 128.

19:1∥Jud 19:29

Boling Judges 277; “calculated inversion of elements.”

19:17

Andersen Sentence 45; climactic (bicolon in discontinuous apposition).

19:33∥35

Andersen Sentence 161; nights linked.

19:37-38

Andersen Sentence 128,158.

20:16

Andersen Sentence 129.

21:1

Andersen Sentence 42,130; cf 47:13.

21:2b-6b

Cazelles DBS VII:772, cited in di Marco LB 36:29.

21:8 - 25:18

Clark in Bratcher, et al. Understanding 47-49, HIJKJIH.

22 - 37

R. Smith; centering on 34 (with circumcision).

22:1-20

Radday BM 20-21:65-67, cited in Welch thesis 28-29; Radday LB 19:18-19; multistructure; the Binding of Isaac.

22:1-19

Radday CIA 106-110; multistructure; the Binding of Isaac; ABCDEFGHIJKLMA’MHFKLA”BICDJEGM”; r = -0.383; or in “concentric clusters,” ABCDEG/HKL/HKL/ABCDEG; or as ABCDCBA; Ska Biblica 69:324-339; ABCDDCBA; Doukhan AUSS 31:17-28; ABBA; ABCBA.

22:3-14

Alter & Kermode, eds., Literary Guide; ABBA.

22:5

Andersen Sentence 134.

23:11

Andersen Sentence 104,129.

24:53

Andersen Sentence 128.

25:5-6

Andersen Sentence 129.

25:7-35:29

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 18, ABCXCBA.

25:12-

Walters, Anchor Bible 3, 600, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

25:19 - 27:45

Clark in Bratcher, et al. Understanding 49; LMNONML; cf Fishbane JJS 26:15-38.

25:19 – 35:22

Rendsburg, The Redaction of Genesis, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

25:23b

Andersen Sentence 131.

25:28

Andersen Sentence 128.

25:33b-34a

Andersen Sentence 135.

27 – 33

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 18, ABCXCBA.

27:1-28:4

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 25, ABCXCBA.

27:1-28:5

Fokkelman, RBN, 98, ABCCBA.

27:1 - 28:5

Alter & Kermode Literary Guide; ABCCBA.

27:15

Andersen Sentence 136.

27:36

Kselman Biblica 58/2:219-223; semantic-sonant chiasm.

27:39

Watson CIA 126-127; ABA tricolon.

27:46 - 33:20

Clark in Bratcher, et al. Understanding 49-52, PQRSTUVUTSRQP.; cf. Fishbane JJS 26:15-38.

28 - 35

Radday LB 19:17; Story of Jacob; cf Fishbane JJS 26:15-38.

28:1-3

Camden Bible Translator 46:240-242; ABBA.

28:10-32:32

Clark in Bratcher, et al. Understanding 51, RSSR.

28:11-19

McEvenue ZAW 106:375-389; ABCDCBA.

28:12-17

Blum Komposition der Vätergeschichte ABCCBA.

28:13-15

McEvenue ZAW 106:375-389; ABCBA.

28:21

Andersen Sentence 131.

29:1-32:2

Sherwood, Had Not God Been on My Side, ABCBA.

29 – 31

Ladd, And He Spake unto Me, 32-33, ABCDCBA; Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 18, ABCXCBA.

29 – 42

Prewitt, The Elusive Covenant, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

29:21-30:24

Wilson, Divine Symmetries, ABCDEFEDCBA.

29:31 - 30:24

Smalley, cited by Clark in Bratcher, et al. Understanding 50-51; cf Fishbane JJS 26:15-38.

30

Jacob Das erste Buch; ABBAB.

31:1

Andersen Sentence 130.

31:1-50:26

Rendsburg, The Redaction of Genesis, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

31:6-7

Andersen Sentence 130.

31:47

Andersen Sentence 128.

32:1-32

Line, “Chiastic and Doctrinal Elegance,” 18, ABXBA.

32:1-33:20

Line , “Chiastic and Doctrinal Elegance,” 18, ABCDEXEDCBA.

32:9-12

Line, “Chiastic and Doctrinal Elegance,” 19, abcdxdcba.

32:17

Andersen Sentence 134 (imperative).

32:22a-31b

Alter & Kermode Literary Guide; ABX(axa)BA; Line, “Chiastic and Doctrinal Elegance,” 19, ABCDEXEDCBA.

32:29b

Coote HTR 65:137; 8:8 rhythm; Watson CIA 125; abcbca.

33:1-16

Line, “Chiastic and Doctrinal Elegance,” 19, ABCDXDCBA.

33:9-11

Alter & Kermode Literary Guide; ABCDXDCBA.

33:14

Andersen Sentence 134 (jussive).

33:17

Andersen Sentence 129.

34:1-31

Sternberg Poetics of Biblical Narrative.

34:1-24

Sternberg Poetics of Biblical Narrative.

34:9a-10a

Andersen Sentence 132 (with conjunctive sentence at 34:9b).

34:9b,16,21

Andersen Sentence 1332-133; conj-chiasm-conj with pronoun-verb alternation.

34:16

Andersen Sentence 132-133; ∥34:9b∥34:21; reciprocity and unity emphasized.

34:25-26∥28

Andersen Sentence 40,126 (JE).

34:25∥27

Andersen Sentence 40,126 (E).

34:25b-26a

Andersen Sentence 126 (JE).

34:27b-29

Andersen Sentence 126 (E).

35:1-7

Galbiati in Miscellànea C. Figini 7, cited in di Marco LB 36:29.

35:10

Watson.

35:11

Andersen Sentence 133 (origin); Kselman JBL 97:168.

35:18

Andersen Sentence 128.

36 - 37

Anbar Biblica 49/2:221-232; ABA.

36:34

Andersen Sentence 128.

37 - 50

Radday BM 20-21:69; LB 19:17-18; Sarna Understanding Genesis 84; Clark in Bratcher, et al. Understanding 51; Radday CIA 102; ABCDEFGFCBDEA; r = -0.679; di Marco LB 36:47; cf Coats JBL 93:15-21; Seybold on Gros-Louis Literary Interpretation 71,73; Redford VTS 20:71-83; Redford A Study of the Biblical Story of Joseph; Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 19, ABCXCBA.

37:1- 50:26

Rendsburg, The Redaction of Genesis, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

37:2

Christensen Rb 90:261-263; ABCCBA.

37:3-11

Andersen Sentence 128; inclusio of unit.

37:5-8

Radzik, Alles uber Josef, 5, ABXBA.

37:9-11

Radzik, Alles uber Josef, 104, ABXBA.

37:11

Andersen Sentence 128.

37:12-14

Radzik, Alles uber Josef, 105, ABCXCBA.

37:18-33

Fokkelman in de Regt, et al. Literary Structure 152-187; ABCDXDCBA; Fokkelman, RBN, 80, ABCDXDCBA.

37:22

Andersen Sentence 135; prohibitions; cf 37:27.

37:31-35

Radzik, Alles uber Josef, 109, ABCDXDCBA.

37:34-35

Fokkelman in de Regt, et al. Literary Structure 152-187; ABCDEEDCBA.

37:36∥39:1

Anbar Biblica 49:226, cited in di Marco LB 36:31.

37:36

Watson CIA 132; semantic-sonant.

37∥38∥39

Alter Art of Biblical Narrative chapter 1.

38:1-30

Fokkelman in de Regt, et al. Literary Structure 152-187; ABCDEXEDCBA.

38:14,19

Fokkelman in de Regt, et al. Literary Structure 152-187; ABCCBA.

39:4

Andersen Sentence 128.

39:22

Andersen Sentence 128.

40:1-47:27

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 19, ABCXCBA.

40:13,19

Muraoka thesis 30.

40:21-22

Andersen Sentence 67,128; dual act of Pharaoh coordinated.

41:17-18

Muraoka thesis 30.

41:48

Andersen Sentence 40.

41:51-52

Andersen Sentence 128.

41:54

Andersen Sentence 130 (location).

43:3-5

Bullinger Figures of Speech; ABBA; J. Smith New Treasury; ABCDEEDCBA.

43:3

J. Smith New Treasury.

43:11∥12a,13a

Andersen Sentence 109-110; link of three stages in dischronology.

43:11-12(13)

Andersen Sentence 109-110,133; link of gift and money.

43:15

Andersen Sentence 128,133-134.

43:21b-22a

Andersen Sentence 128.

44:1

Andersen Sentence 134 (imperative).

44:14-16

Radzik, Alles uber Josef, 9, AXA.

44:20

Andersen Sentence 128.

44:33

Andersen Sentence134 (jussive).

45:1-4

Radzik, Alles uber Josef, 129, ABCXCBA.

45:4-8

Radzik, Alles uber Josef, 130, ABXBA.

45:14

Andersen Sentence 128.

45:23

Ceresko UF 7:88.

45:25-28

Radzik, Alles uber Josef, 142, ABXBA.

46:6-7

Andersen Sentence 40.

47:9

Andersen Sentence 47; “130"∥”few.”

47:13

Andersen Sentence 42; cf 21:1.

47:18

Andersen Sentence 127.

47:24

Andersen Sentence 132.

49

Shea Origins 5:9-38; Testament of Jacob preceded and followed by prose; ABA (prose-poetry-prose).

49:3

Watson CIA 134-135; gender chiasmus, with reversal of events; cf Gevirtz JNES 30:87-98.

49:3-27

Prewitt, The Elusive Covenant, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

49:4

Watson.

49:8

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

49:9

Gray Forms 79; cf Num 24:9a, Obad 5; Bee JRSS A 134:616-619.

49:11

Watson CIA 128-129; ABBA, with end-rhyme; link.

49:15

Gevirtz EI 12:111*; double structure; Watson CIA 134; gender chiasmus.

49:24b

Gray Forms 70; a2b:a’b’2.

50:23

Andersen Sentence 158.

Exodus

Exodus-Deut

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 11, ABCXCBA.

1 - 40

Radday BM 20-21:58,62; LB 19:20; CIA 90; ABA, or ABCDABC; with peak at Mt Sinai (Book of Covenant and Decalogue at center, Ex 20:1-17); cf Bee JRSS A 135:406-421. Cf. inclusio at 24:12∥31:18, below. Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 26-27, ABCXCBA.

1:1 - 2:22

Galbiati Struttura 240, cited in di Marco LB 36:33.

1:1-14

Weimar, Exodus 1,1-2,10, 190, AabbaBabba.

1:1-15:19

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 28, ABCXCBA.

1:15-21

Weimar, Exodus 1,1-2,10, 193, AabBab.

1:15-22

Wicke JSOT 24:99-107; ABCBA.

1:22-2:10

Weimar, Exodus 1,1-2, 10, 191, AabbaBabba.

2 - 22

Weiss BM 13:46-57.

2 - 14

Faulconer Times&Seasons.org/?p=3006, ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

2:1-22

Radday BM 20-21:58-59; LB 19:20; CIA 94-96; ABCDCBA; di Marco LB 36:47.

2:23 - 7:7

Galbiati Struttura 246, cited in di Marco LB 36:33.

2:23 - 3:12

Galbiati Struttura 242, cited in di Marco LB 36:33.

3 ∥ 6

Brownlee MQS 257; divine commission; cf Gen 17:1-8.

3:6-21

E. Allan, Greater Things, July 15, 1992, 4, AB1B2B3B4C1C2C1C2DE1E2E3E4E5E4E5FGH1H2H3H4IJKLLKJIH1H2H3H4GFE(4)E1E2E3E5D1D2C1C2B(1)B(4)B(2)B(3)A

3:7

Andersen Sentence 123,127.

3:11-12

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 8-9, abcdcba.

3:13c-15d

Crandall, “Ancient and Modern Chiasms,” 4, ABCCBA.

3:13 - 6:9

Galbiati Struttura 242-243, cited in di Marco LB 36:33.

5:1-23

Galbiati Struttura 246-248.

5:2

Andersen Sentence 133.

6:2-8

Auffret JSOT 27:46-54; ABAA; cf. Lev 26:9-13; Leibowitz Studies in Shemot 11-6-17, ABCDDCBA; Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 27, abcdefggffedcba.

6:6-8

Andersen Sentence 102; inclusio of ‘ani YHWH; cf 6:3.

6:10 - 7:7

Galbiati Struttura 240, cited in di Marco LB 36:33.

6:12-30

Levinson Deuteronomy 19; ABCDXDCBA; genealogy at center.

6:14-25

Levinson Deuteronomy; ABCDXDCBA.

6:20-24

Levinson Deuteronomy; ABBA.

7:1

Andersen Sentence 133,151; cf 4:16, 7:2.

7:6

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:40.

7:8 - 10:27(29)

Galbiati Struttura 111, cited in di Marco LB 36:34; McCarthy CBQ 27:336-347 (ABCDEEDCBA), cited in di Marco LB 36:38-40; cf JBL 85:138, 145,152-154.

7:18

Andersen Sentence 133.

7:21

Andersen Sentence 130.

7:21-22

Garrett, Rethinking Genesis, ABBA.7:28

Andersen Sentence 133 (location).

8:13

Andersen Sentence 40 (P).

8:20

Andersen Sentence 40.

9:23

Andersen Sentence 128.

9:25

Andersen Sentence 128-129; tricolon.

9:31-32

Ceresko UF 7:88.

9:31

Bullinger Figures of Speech; ABBA; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 29, abba.

9:33

Andersen Sentence 128.

10:13

Andersen Sentence 128.

10:23

Andersen Sentence 181; indicates contemporaneity.

10:24

Andersen Sentence 164.

11:1 - 13:16

Galbiati Struttura 139, cited in di Marco LB 36:34; McCarthy JBL 85:145, n.14, citing Galbiati ST 3 – cited in di Marco LB 36:40.

11:1 - 12:36

Radday CIA 93; ABCDEFGFEDBCA (with alternations from D inward of the Egyptian and future Passovers); r = -0.964; the plagues are climactic rather than chiastic.

12:2

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:40; Andersen Sentence 38; appositive clauses.

12:3-6a

Bar-On ZAW 107:18-30; ABCCBA.

12:6b-11

Bar-On ZAW 107:18-30; ABCDDCBA.

12:8

Andersen Sentence 40; prediction sequence (P).

12:12

Andersen Sentence 132.

12:14b

Andersen Sentence 40; prediction sequence (P).

12:15-20

Galbiati Struttura 139, cited in di Marco LB 36:28,34.

12:27

Andersen Sentence 130.

12:28

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:40; McEvenue Narrative 53; short-circuit (P).

12:36b

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:40.

12:37-Josh 4:24

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 14-15, ABCXCBA.

12:43-49

Galbiati Struttura 141, cited in di Marco LB 36:34.

12:50

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:40.

13:3-10

Galbiati Struttura 142-143, cited in di Marco LB 36:34.

13:15

Andersen Sentence 133.

14 - Num 14

Radday CIA 85-86;ABCDEECBDA; “arranged symmetrically around Leviticus”; “ten plagues” ∥Num 14:22 “ten times.”

14

Auffret Estudios Biblicos 41:53-82.

14:3

R. Smith; cf. Albright YGC 33.

14:4-31

Galbiati ST 3, cited by McCarthy JBL 85:152-153 (n. 30); Radday CIA 94; ABCDEFA’FDECBA”; r = -0.943; di Marco LB 36:40; containing inclusions, links, and contrasts.

14:6

Andersen Sentence 128.

14:19-31

Crandall, “Ancient and Modern Chiasms,” 4, ABCDEEDCBA.

15:1-21

Freedman in Bream A Light 191; opening & closing surround two halves of poem (3-10∥12-18); Song of the Sea; cf Num 21:17, Ps 29.

15:2-13

Ladd, And He Spake unto Me, 39, ABCDEFEDCBA.

15:3-18

Freedman in Bream A Light 178,191; with “inclusio” or “envelope.”

15:7-17

Freedman in Bream A Light 183; seven archaic verbs in MT.

15:7-8∥15-16

Freedman in Bream A Light 187.

15:8c

Freedman in Bream A Light 182; V-PrPhr-S∥V-S-PrPhr.

15:11

Freedman in Bream A Light 184; PrPhr-Voc∥Voc-PrPhr; abc:ac’b’.

15:13-16f

Howell ETL 65:35-42; ABCDDCBA.

15:15

Freedman in Bream A Light 188; partial chiasm, as in vs 8.

15:20-17:16

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 28, ABCXCBA.

15:22 - 19:2

Schart Mose und Israel; Mark Smith CBQ 58:25-50; ABCDEFFEDCBA; cf Num 16:13, 17:6, 20:3.

15:22 - 17:7

Mendenhall & Herion in Freedman, ed., ABD, I:1185; “envelope”? of “murmuring in the wilderness” going to Mt Sinai (P); cf Num 11, 14, 16, from Mt Sinai.

15:26

Andersen Sentence 131.

16:4-21

Galbiati Struttura 167, cited in di Marco LB 36:34; cf Num 11:7-9,31-34.

16:18

Andersen Sentence 131; negative reinforcement.

16:24

Andersen Sentence 131,182.

16:35

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:40; Andersen Sentence 48; climactic, specific moment.

17:5

Andersen Sentence 134 (imperative); cf Num 20:11.

17:7

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 44, abba; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 106, abba.

17:8-16

Robinson JSOT 32:15-22; ABCDEEDCBA; cf Num 10:29-31, 11:28, 21:9 (TB Roš Hašana 29a).

17:8-24:14

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 29, ABCXCBA.

18:19-21

Andersen Sentence 134; cf Num 11:16,24.

19:1-24:14

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 27, ABCXCBA.

19 - 24

Sprinkle Book of the Covenant; ABCBA.

19:1-Num 10-10

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 15, ABCXCBA.

19:3-8

Welch UF VI:429; cf. Knutson dissertation 143-146; Andersen Sentence 131 (E?); cf. I Sam 12, Josh 24.

19:3b-6

Galbiati Struttura 180, cited in di Marco LB 36:34.

19:6

Andersen Sentence 131.

19:9a-19

Galbiati Struttura 180-181, cited in di Marco LB 36:34.

19:10b-15b

Chirichigno Biblica 68:457-479; ABCDXDCBA.

19:12-13

Galbiati Struttura 182, cited in di Marco LB 36:34.

19:15b-18a

Oliva Biblica 49:350, cited in di Marco LB 36:38.

19:16b-19

Chirichigno Biblica 68:457-479; ABCDXDCBA.

19:20-25

Galbiati Struttura 183, cited in di Marco LB 36:34.

20 - 23

Galbiati Struttura 263-264, cited in di Marco LB 36:36; with overlay.

20:1-18

Douglas, "Chiastmic Study of the Decalogue," 1986, abc1c2c3c3c2c1ba.

20:2-17

Forbes SSS 138-139; Radday BM 20-21:51,58; cf. Bee JRSS A 135:411, on Decalogue as a unit of P; cf. also Deut 5:6-21; Adling, Letter to John W. Welch, May 17, 2002, 1 2a2b2c2d2e2d2c2b2a.

20:2-6

Lestienne Rb 79:494,496, cited in di Marco LB 36:38.

20:18

Andersen Sentence 128.

20:20(23)

Andersen Sentence 121; a single prohibition; you shall not make any gods of silver ∥nor gods of gold shall you make.

20:21 - 24:3

Sprinkle Book of the Covenant 199-203; ABCDEFGHHGFE DCBA; rejected by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:152-154.

20:22(20) - 23:19

Halbe Das Privilegrecht 413-442; ABCDCBA; Crusemann Torah 113; however, rejected as “artificial” by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:144-146; accepted as ABA by D. P. Wright Inventing God’s Law 10-13, 74, 82-90, 286, 309; abccba; “chiastic core of laws” enclosed by two “strings” (Ex 20:23 - 23:19 ∥ CH 47:59 - 49:17); Otto, Nachpriestschriftliche, 75, ABCCBA.

20:22-23∥23:13

Cazelles Esude 108, cited in di Marco LB 36:40; inclusion.

20:23-26

Sprinkle Book of the Covenant 201.

20:24 - 23:33

Osumi Kompositionsgeschichte.??

21:2-11 ∥23:10-12

Osumi Kompositionsgeschichte overall “frame” around the chiasms of 21:12 - 22:19 and 22:20a - 23:9a; rejected by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:147-151.

21:2 - 22:26

Otto Wandel 9-11; Otto SJOT 5/2:119-150; Otto in Levinson, ed., Theory & Method 182-192; ABCDCBA; rejected by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:148-150; Wright Compositional Logic n. 42; Fitzpatrick-McKinley, Transformation of Torah, 31, ABCDCBA.

21:2-23:19

Welch, JLAS, 4:12, ABBA.

21:2-27

Chirichigno Debt-Slavery 196; Jackson JLA 11:144, ABCDCBA; Jackson CKLR 70:1779; Jackson Studies 218; ABCDCBA; Jacobson, Jewish Law Annual 11:144, ABCDCBA.

21:2-11

Sprinkle Book of the Covenant 52; ABCCBA; D. P. Wright ZAR 10:155, says that this contradicts Welch’s chiasm at 21:2-6; however, D. P. Wright Inventing God’s Law 123, 405 n. 1, notes binary inversion of male & female (structurally, conceptually, and emotionally), but cannot be chiastic because imported from outside sources; Turnham Translation and Chiasm on Exodus 21:2-11, ABCDEEDCBA.

21:2-6

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:5-22, ABBA; discussed by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:154-155, who is critical of leaving out 21:3a; ABBA.

21:5-6

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22; ABBA.

21:7-11

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22; ABBBA.

21:12 - 22:19

Otto VTS 61:239-273; Osumi Kompositionsgeschichte; ABCBA; rejected by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:146-147.

21:12-17∥22:17-19

Galbiati Struttura 258, cited in di Marco LB 36:35; inclusion; Rothenbusch Rechtssammlung 591, frame, cited by D. P. Wright Inventing God’s Law 199 n. 22, who denies presence of chiasm here.

21:12-27

Sprinkle Book of the Covenant 201.

21:12-14

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22; ABBA; Sonnenberg, CTJ, 14, ABBA.

21:15-17

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22, ABA; Sprinkle Book of the Covenant 201; ABA; D. P. Wright Inventing God’s Law 193, Ex 21:15,17, inverts order of CH 192-193,195.

21:17-19

Otto Wandel 32; Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:15; ABA.

21:18-19 ∥35-36

Osumi Kompositionsgeschichte 212 “frame”; rejected by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:147.

21:18-21

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22; ABA; D. P. Wright ZAR 10:156 n. 29, complains that this is only “artificially chiastic.”

21:18b

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:40.

21:22-27

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22; ABA; D. P. Wright ZAR 10:156 n. 29, complains that this is only “artificially chiastic.”.

21:28-36

Sprinkle Book of the Covenant 107-108,112-114.

21:28-32

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22; ABA; rejected by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:155; Sonnenberg, CTJ, 12-13, ABA

21:28

Andersen Sentence 159-160; antithesis softened by chiasm.

21:33-36

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22; ABA; rejected by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:156, citing Osumi and Sprinkle on 28-32 ∥35-36 as the frame of a larger structure; ∥ Laws of Eshnunna §53 ∥CH §§250-252. Sonnenberg, CTJ, 13, ABA.

21:35

Andersen Sentence 132.

21:37 - 22:3

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22; Sprinkle Book of the Covenant 133-134; ABBA.

22:1-4

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:5-22; ABBA.

22:6-12

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22; Sprinkle Book of the Covenant 148-153,203; ABBA.

22:7-13

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:5-22; ABBA.

22:13-14

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22; ABBA.

22:14-15

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:5-22; ABBA.

22:17-19

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22; ABA.

22:18-20

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:5-22; ABA.

22:20-23 ∥23:14-19

D. P. Wright Inventing God’s Law 312; “bookends ... around the final apodictic laws.”

22:20 - 23:19

D. P. Wright Inventing God’s Law 316; abcba; large block, small block, central chiastic core (23:1-8), small block, large block.

22:20a - 23:9a

Osumi Kompositionsgeschichte; ABCBA; rejected by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:147,154; D. P. Wright Inventing God’s Law 377 n. 4; cf Sprinkle Book of the Covenant 199-203.

22:20∥23:9

Galbiati Struttura 258, cited in di Marco LB 36:35; inclusion.

22:20-27

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22; ABBA; rejected as “unlikely” by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:156 n. 29.

22:21-28

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV: 16, ABBA.

22:28 - 23:12

Otto Wandel 9-11; Otto SJOT 5/2:119-150; Otto in Levinson, ed., Theory and Method 183-192; ABCBA; rejected by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:150,154; Wright Compositional Logic n. 42.

23:1-9

Sprinkle Book of the Covenant 178-187,203.

23:1-8

Galbiati Struttura 260, cited in di Marco LB 36:35; Otto VTS 61:239-273; ABA; for D. P. Wright ZAR 10:157-158, this points up “a difficulty in Welch’s analysis” of 1-7, leading to an ABCCBAXY schema (when vss 8-9 are included); D. P. Wright Inventing God’s Law 10-13, 36, 56, 62-66, 377-378 (nn. 11,15); abccba; “chiastic core of laws” (∥CH 48:62-94 in chiastic structure, esp the inversions of 88-90) enclosed by two “strings” (Ex 22:20-30 ∥23:9-19). D. P. Wright, “Chiasmus in the Covenant Code Reconsidered,” 172, abccba; Burnside, UQLJ 30:234, ABA.

23:1-7

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22, ABCCBA; Jackson Studies 223-225; ABCCBA; D. P. Wright ZAR 10:154,156-158,160, “coherent and remarkable” – an intentional and “true example of chiasmus” – or maybe not (because “irregular”)!!D. P. Wright Inventing God’s Law 10-13; abccba; “chiastic core of laws” enclosed by two “strings” (Ex 22:20-30 ∥23:9-19) = CH 48:59 - 49:17.

23:8-13

Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:12-22; ABBA.

23:10 - 24:17

Osumi Kompositionsgeschichte; ABA; rejected for interference by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:148.

23:10-19

Sprinkle Book of the Covenant 188-191; cf Lev 25:2-7.

23:14-17

Galbiati Struttura 258, cited in di Marco LB 36:35; Andersen Sentence 50,53; rejected by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:154, as ABAB; but accepted by D. P. Wright Inventing God’s Law 311, as “inclusion.”

23:15-17

Levinson Deuteronomy; ABCCXBA.

23:18-33

Osumi Kompositionsgeschichte; ABCBA; rejected by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:148.

23:28

Andersen Sentence 133.

24:1-11

Galbiati Struttura 193, cited in di Marco LB 36:34; Hilber JETS 19:177-189; ABCDCBA.

24:1-9

Chirichigno Biblica 68:457-479; ABCDXDCBA.

24:6

Andersen Sentence 128.

24:12∥31:18

Schniedewind How the Bible 129-131; inclusio as an editorial device marking the literary unit between the repetitions – thus, an apparent ABA.

24:12-28

Galbiati Struttura 195, cited in di Marco LB 36:34.

24:15 - 40:35

Chavel “Vocal Worship,” cited in Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1339; ABCXCBA “grand introversion.”

24:15-18

Oliva Biblica 49/3:345-354; ABACBC.

25 - 31 ∥35 - 40

Radday CIA 91-93; ABCDEFGHBAFHCGDE; r = +0.405; or if rearranged as CDE/F(G)H/FH/C(G)DE, it constitutes a kind of ABBA, and r = -0.829.

25 - 40

Galbiati Struttura 298, cited in di Marco LB 36:37. Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 30, ABCXCBA.

25:8-9

McEvenue Narrative 53; short-circuit (P).

25:9-40

Galbiati Struttura 282-283, cited in di Marco LB 36:37.

25:11

Andersen Sentence 48 (P); merism.

25:18

McEvenue Narrative 43, n. 36 (P).

25:19

Andersen Sentence 48 (P); with circumstantial clause.

25:20

Andersen Sentence 48 (P); with circumstantial clause.

25:21

Andersen Sentence 72,133; coordination.

25:29

McEvenue Narrative 43, n. 36 (P).

25:31-37

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 39 (P); cf Ex 28:6-12, Lev 8:1-36, 14:11-20, 14:21-32, 15:1-33 (all P).

25:31-36

Galbiati Struttura 278, cited in di Marco LB 36:28,36 (P).

25:31

McEvenue Narrative 43, n. 36 (P).

26:1 - 27:19

Galbiati Struttura 282-283, cited in di Marco LB 36:37.

26:1

McEvenue Narrative 43, n. 36 (P).

26:7

McEvenue Narrative 43, n. 36 (P).

26:15-18

Parunak Biblica 62/2:153-168; ABCDEDCBA.

26:18-22

Andersen Sentence 72 (fulfilled in 36:23-27).

26:22-23

Andersen Sentence 72.

26:31-37

Galbiati Struttura 278-279, cited in di Marco LB 36:36.

26:35

Andersen Sentence 72,132.

27:1

Andersen Sentence 127 (P); cf. Ex 25:10-23.

27:9-10∥17-18

Galbiati Struttura 279, cited in di Marco LB 36:36.

27:20 - 30:10

Galbiati Struttura 284-285, cited in di Marco LB 36:37.

28:2∥40

Andersen Sentence 133.

28:6-12

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 39 (P).

28:24-25

Andersen Sentence 132.

28:39

Andersen Sentence 132.

28:40

Andersen Sentence 132; ∥28:2.

29:3-4

Andersen Sentence 132; part of Wiederaufnahme of 29:1-4 ∥Lev 8:1-2.

29:12

Andersen Sentence 132.

29:14

Andersen Sentence 132.

29:36 - 30:10

Galbiati Struttura 283, cited in di Marco LB 36:37.

30:3-4

Andersen Sentence 132 (fulfilled in 37:26b-27a)

30:10

Andersen Sentence 182.

30:12-16

Galbiati Struttura 280-281, cited in di Marco LB 36:37.

30:19-21

Galbiati Struttura 280-281, cited in di Marco LB 36:37.

30:25

Andersen Sentence 38; appositives.

30:26-30

Andersen Sentence 132.

30:32-33

Galbiati Struttura 280-281, cited in di Marco LB 36:37.

31:6

Andersen Sentence 127.

31:12-17

Newing Colloquium 17:1-15; ABXBAX.

31:13-17

Galbiati Struttura 280-281, cited in di Marco LB 36:37; Bligh Galatians: A Discussion 271-271, cited in di Marco LB 36:40; Paran cited in Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 39 (H); plays on 4th commandment.

31:18, 32:15-16∥34:1,27-29

Brownlee MQS 257; tablets.

32 - 34

Newing SEAGST 22/2:1-15; Newing Australian Biblical Review 41:18-34; ABCXCBXA.

32:1-24

Galbiati Struttura 203, cited in di Marco LB 36:34; di Marco Il Chiasmo nella Bibbia; ABCDXDCBA; Num 14:12-14.

32:1-34:28

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 30, ABCXCBA.

32:11-13

Galbiati Struttura 206, cited in di Marco LB 36:35; Newing SEAGST 22/2:1-15; ABCDDCBA.

32:13

Andersen Sentence 131; merism.

32:25-36

Galbiati Struttura 224, cited in di Marco LB 36;35; cf. 34:5-9.

32:33 - 33:1-3a∥33:3b-6

Galbiati Struttura 219-220, cited in di Marco LB 36:35.

33:7-11

Galbiati Struttura 215-216, cited in di Marco LB 36:35; Newing Australian Biblical Review 41:18-34; ABCXCBXA.

33:12-23

Galbiati Struttura 222, cited in di Marco LB 36:35; Waldman JQR 70/2:67-72; “a number of extended and interlocking chiastic patterns” (n 2).

33:13

Ceresko UF VII:88; cf Num 11:15.

34:10b-27

Knutson dissertation 132,135; Welch UF VI:426; Knutson in RSP, II, VI:3 (f-n); cf. Bee JRSS, A, 135:411, on 34:1-21 as J.

34:29d-35b

Crandall, “Ancient and Modern Chiasms,” 4, ABCDCBA.

35:21-29

Galbiati Struttura 294, cited in di Marco LB 36:37.

35:31∥34

Andersen Sentence 133; infinitives.

36:10

Andersen Sentence 128.

36:17

Andersen Sentence 128.

36:23-24

Andersen Sentence 128.

36:33-34

Andersen Sentence 128.

37:26b-27a

Andersen Sentence 128 (fulfillment of 30:3-4).

38:18

Andersen Sentence 127.

39:17

Andersen Sentence 128.

39:32

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:40; McEvenue Narrative 53; short-circuit (P).

39:43

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:40; McEvenue Narrative 53; short-circuit (P).

40:12a∥14a

Andersen Sentence 73; ordination of Aaron/sons, dual event.

40:16

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:40.

40:29

Andersen Sentence 73; chiastic balance.

40:33b-34

McEvenue Narrative 53 (echoes 24:15b-16); (P).

40:34

Andersen Sentence 128.

40:35

Andersen Sentence 127.

Leviticus

 

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 39-42; Leviticus 17-22 1319-1323; Paran Darkei 163-174, for Holiness Code chiasms.

1:2-17

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 166; ABBA; quadrupeds, herd ∥flock, birds.

1:2-4 ∥17:3-4

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1450; parallel vocab.

1:5-9 ∥17:6

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1450; parallel vocab.

1 - 27

Douglas in Wright, ed., Pomegranates and Golden Bells 247-255; Douglas JSOT 59:11; a ring structure; cited in Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1333, 1364-1365 (fig. 1); 27 is an appendix and parallel to chap. 1; Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 40, ABCXCBA.

1 - 17

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1450; ring closed by chapter 17 with a latch at the beginning (diagram).

1 ∥17

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1332; “a (minor) ring structure.”

1:1-6:7

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 34, ABCXCBA.

1:8-9

Andersen Sentence 132.

1:13

Andersen Sentence 132.

2:13b

Andersen Sentence 38; appositive clauses.

4:2-27

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 229; chiastic order of each opening statement, with “inadvertance” central.

4:7

Andersen Sentence 132.

4:17-18

Andersen Sentence 132.

4:20a

König Stilistik 171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:41.

4:30-31

Andersen Sentence 132.

4:34-35

Andersen Sentence 132.

5:9

Andersen Sentence 131.

6:8-8:36

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 34, ABCXCBA.

5:16

Andersen Sentence 131 (cf. Lev 5:26 MT = 6:7 KJV).

8:1-36

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 39, 542-544 (P); ABBA or ABXBA (centering on sacrificial service at 8:14-29); “introverted, chiastic pattern”; a direct continuation of Ex 40:17-33 (and Ex 39). Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 35, ABCXCBA.

9 – 11

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 35-36, ABCXCBA.

10:1-4 ∥24:10-23

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1365-1367; defilement ∥blasphemy.

11 - 16 ∥21 - 23

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1364; ABBA, “giant introversion in the center of the ring” (1 - 27).

11:24-28

Lund CNT 51; AJSL 46:114, cited in di Marco LB 36:40; Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 670-671; ABBA, ABXBA, or ABCDCBA, centering on verse 26b (repeating part of AA in abba; cf Deut 14:4-21.

11:24b-28

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 20, abcba.

11:43-44

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 39-40, 683-684 (H); “symmetric, introverted structure,” “chiastic arrangement”; AB1B2 ∥B1B2A, or ABBA.

11:45

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 687; AXA inclusio.

12 – 18

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 36-37

14:10-20

Lund CNT 53-54; AJSL 46:115-116, cited in di Marco LB 36:40.

14:11-20

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 39, 846-848 (P); “chiastic structure”; ABCDEFEDCBA, centering on sprinkling oil seven times before the Lord (verse 16).

14:21-32

Lund CNT 55-56; Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 39, 859-860 (P); ABCDEFXFEDCBA, centering on sprinkling oil seven times before the Lord (verse 27).

14:49-53

Lund CNT 52; AJSL 46:118-119; SBR 43; Walker & Lund JBL 53:357; Radday CIA 87; ABCDEFGFEDCBA; di Marco LB 36:40.

14:51-52

Bullinger Figures of Speech; ABCDDCBA; Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 880; ABCDXDCBA, centering on sevenfold sprinkling of oil; Crowell, HLSBM, ABCDDCBA; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 39, abcddcba; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 105, abcddcba.

14:51

J. Smith New Treasury.

14:52

J. Smith New Treasury.

15:1-33

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 39, 904-905 (P); ABCCBA, or ABCXCBA, centering on marital intercourse (verse 18), “the center and pivot of the introverted structure.” Warning, Literary Artistry, 106-7, ABaBbCDCBaBbA. Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 38, ABCXCBA.

15:2-30

Whitekettle JSOT 49:31-45; ABBA and ABCBA.

15:2-25

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 930-931; ABXBA; “inverted hinge” at verse 18; Whitekettle JSOT 49:31-45; ABBA.

16:1-34

Rodriguez AUSS 34:269-286; ABCDEFGGFEDCBA; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 37, ABCXCBA.

16:6-10

Rodriguez AUSS 34:269-286; ABCDEDECBA.

16:11-22

Rodriguez AUSS 34:269-286; ABCCBA (complex).

16:14

Rodriguez AUSS 34:269-286; ABCCBA.

16:18-19

Rodriguez AUSS 34:269-286; ABCCBA.

16:29-34

Rodriguez AUSS 34:269-286; ABCDCBADEEDADA.

16:29-31

D. P. Wright grad seminar 1983 “a carefully constructed chiasm,” cited by Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 39-40, 1057-1058 (H); ABCXCBA; rejected now by D. P. Wright ZAR 10:164 n. 37 as a “chance result of a propensity for repetition.”

17:3-16

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1449; ABXBA; ∥Ezek 14:4-10.

17:10b-14b

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 39 (H); Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1480; ABCCBA.

17:10-12

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1319, 1332, 1469 (H); AXA, with “law stated twice in order to envelope and accentuate its rationale”; cf Num 18:23b-24 for similar structure.

17:13-14

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1319, 1332; ABCCBA introversion.

18 - 19

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1325; grand inclusio.

18:1-30

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1319; “an AXA’ introversion in which the rationales envelope the laws” (cf Lev 20).

18:2b-5 ∥19:36b-37

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1323; inclusion.

18:2b-3a ∥19:36b-37

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1325.

18:2b-30

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1516-1517; AXA introversion, centering on prohibitions in verses 6-23.

18:2 ∥30

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1323; inclusion.

18:4-5 ∥19:36b-37

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1331; inclusio formula (cf 19:2 ∥36).

18:4-5

Welch in Parry, Peterson, and Welch, eds., Echoes and Evidences 384 n30; ABBA (mišpatim uqqot uq mišpatim).

18:7

König Stilistik 171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:41; Halbe ZAW 92:60-88; ABCBA; Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322, 1524; with “chiastic Wiederaufnahme” in AB:BA, with motivation clause in C.

18:8

Halbe ZAW 92:60-88; ABA; Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322, 1524.

18:10

Halbe ZAW 92:60-88; ABA; Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322.

18:11

Halbe ZAW 92:60-88; ABCBA.

18:12

Halbe ZAW 92:60-88; ABA; Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1525.

18:13

Halbe ZAW 92:60-88; ABA; Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1525.

18:14

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1543; ABXBA.

18:15

König Stilistik 171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:41; Halbe ZAW 92:60-88; ABCBA; Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1543.

18:16

Halbe ZAW 92:60-88; ABA; Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1524, 1543; ABXBA.

18:24-30

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1576; ABCCBA.

19 – 27

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 38, ABCXCBA.

19:1-37

Radday LB 19:22; CIA 88-89; ABCDEDCBA; multistructure; Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1576; AXA, centered on verses 19-29; cf. TB Shabbat 31a (2:6), for the Golden Rule at center -- “the summit of the entire Torah” (so also Rabbi Aqiba in TJ Nedarim 89,4). Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 40, ABCXCBA.

19:1-18 ∥30-37

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1319-1320, 1325; “forms symmetric inclusio” (of 37a, and 18:5a, 26a), and “two parallel panels with two elements in chiastic relation, serving to lock the panels”; AXA, with verses 19-29 at center; or as an ABXBA introversion of Lev 18, with verse 19 at center, “which may well be the intended climactic center for the book of Leviticus and even for the Torah as a whole.” Cf. Code of Hammurapi 47:59-62, TB Shabbat 31a (R. Yaron, cited by D. P. Wright Inventing God’s Law 378 n. 17.

19:2 ∥36

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1331; inclusio formula.

19:3

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1331; H inverts order of father & Mother in Decalogue (Ex 20:12).

19:4

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322, 1331; H inverts order of commandments 1 & 2 (Ex 20:3-4).

19:5-6 ∥22:29-30

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1323;envelopes 19 - 22.

19:5

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322.

19:9

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322.

19:14

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322.

19:15-16

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1642; ABBA.

19:23

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1677; ABCBA.

20:1-27

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1320, 1728; ABCXCBA; “a grand introversion,” centering on prohibitions.

20:8 - 22:32

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1888; ABCXBCA.

20: 8 ∥22

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1323; verse 22 encloses 9-21, just as verse 8 encloses 1-7, and 18:28a encloses 6-23, indicating the unity of Lev 20, and of 18 & 20.

20:10-21

Hildenbrand, cited by Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1320, 1744; ABCXCBA “a meaningless introversion” of prohibitions, perhaps “a purely aesthetic exercise.”

20:24b-26

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1760-1761; ABBA.

21:1 - 22:28

Hildenbrand, cited by Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1320, 1792; two parallel panels “bound together in a ABXB’A’ chiasm” or “thematic introversion,” with AB (priests) ➔ BA (animals), and center on “priests as consumers of animals as their food.”

21:1-23

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1320; ABBA of instructions for the priest (1-9, 16-22) and high priest (10-15, 23).

21:1b-15

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1835; second-order inversions as interlocking device in regular parallel texts.

21:1b-5 ∥10-11

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1320; ABBA “chiastic pattern” – “rites for priests is reversed for the high priest.”

21:1 ∥4

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1323; verse 4 a dittography?

21:13-14b

Zipor Biblica 68:265; ABBA.

 

21:16-23 ∥22:17-25 Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1367; 12 priestly imperfections ∥12 sacrificial imperfections.

21:17b-21

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 40-42 (H); “elaborate introversion”; AXA in 12 clauses (AA) and 12 cases of defects (X), which are the pivot of each center; Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1320, 1836-1837; “two parallel panels and two chiasms,” and with mûm “blemish” at center.

21:21

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1838; cdxdc.

22:2,32

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1323; binds Lev 22 together and equates Israelites & priests in double chiasm, abcd:badc.

22:2-16

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1890; ABCDDCBA.

22:10-13

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1320, 1891; ABCCBA introversion, with ʼakal seven times.

22:17-25

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1320; “two matching panels, each in chiastic order”; AXB CYD ∥BXA DYC, “The centers of X and Y are the same in both panels (tāmîm laYHWH), emphasizing the message of this pericope.”

23:1-44

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 38, ABCXCBA.

23:1-4

Levinson Deuteronomy 19; ABCXCBA; Sabbath day at center; interaction of Seidel’s Law and Wiederaufnahme. Levinson, Deuteronomy and the Hermeneutics of Legal Innovation, 20, ABCXCBA.

23:2-4

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1320; ABCDEXEDCBA, centering on sabbath rest as YHWH’s day and part of festal calendar; Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 1952; cf Ex 35:2.

23:2-3

Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 1953; DED FEFG; secondary structure.

23:2

Levinson Deuteronomy; ABCXCBA.

23:3-25:55

Julie M. Smith, “Point Our Souls to Christ: Lessons from Leviticus,” 80, ABCDEEDCBA.

23:4 ∥37a

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1323; inclusion demarcates original festival calendar from supplementary material (1-3 sabbath, and 39-43a Tabernacle extras).

23:5-36

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 39, ABCXCBA.

23:11

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322; originally chiastic.

23:15-16a

Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 1996-1997; Aab[c]XbaA, which is rewritten at Qumran as ABXBA.

23:26-32

Galbiati Struttura 53-54, cited in di Marco LB 36:28,41 (P).

23:27-32

Mildgrom Leviticus 1-16 39 (H); Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1320; ABCDXDCBA “introversion,” center & flanks emphasize self-denial and complete rest; Day of Purgation; Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2020; ABCDDCBA; summary of Num 29.

23:41

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322; 3rd order to celebrate Tabernacles in 7th “month is chiastically added to the verse.”

23:42

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322; chiasm.

24:13-23(25)

Lund CNT 57-58 (cf. his SBR 44); Wenham Book of Leviticus 312; Radday CIA 87-88; ABCDEFGHIJIHGFEDBCA; di Marco LB 36:28,41 (P); Fishbane Biblical Interp 101 n. 4; Galil in Leviticus 177; Paran Darkei (Forms) 171; Welch in Jackson, ed., JLAS IV:7-9, ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA; Welch in Sorenson & Thorne, eds., Rediscovering 115-116; ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA; Klaus Pivot Patterns 218-226; Jackson Studies 291-297; Warning Literary Artistry 96; Jackson in Reading Leviticus 119-120; Welch Criteria 162,165 (talionic formula at center of case of the blasphemer); Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2128-2129; “a sophisticated mega-introversion,” with seven laws; cf Boys Key 41. Cf Alma 41:13-15.

24:13-23

Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2141-2142; ABCDCBA, with legal block at center with Lev 13-15a ∥23 as “the palistrophic narrative form,” and the lex tallionis at center; Edwards and Edwards, Does Chiasmus Appear, 120-21, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA; Kelland, "Supporting of the Authenticity," 8-9, abcdefggffedcba; Sonnenberg, CTJ, 9-10, ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA; Brown, letter to John W. Welch, Sept 19, 1996, ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA.; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 151, ABCDEDCBA.

24:13-15a ∥23

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1323.

24:14-23

Milgrom Leviticus 1-16 39-40 (H); lex talionis as pivot at verse 20a; Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1321; “a major summit of H’s structural artistry.”

24:15-23

Galbiati Struttura 52-53, cited in di Marco LB 36:41.

24:16-22

Forbes SSS 39 abcddcba; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 41, abcddcba.

24:16

Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2128-2129, 2141-2142; axa.

24:17-21

Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2141-2142; ABCDCBA; palistrophic legal block with lex talionis at center; D. P. Wright ZAR 10:164 n. 37; striking laws; Welch Legal Cases 342-343.

25 – 27

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 39,ABCXCBA.

25:1-2 ∥26:46

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1323; Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2342-2343; abcddcba inclusion centering on observance of laws required for retention of land; Mt Sinai.

25:1-2

Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2342-2343; ABCDDCBA introversion.

25:2-7

Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2154-2155; based on Ex 23:10-11.

25:6-7

Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2159; ABBA chiasm.

25:9

Hildebrand in Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2163; ABBA chiastic construction.

25:10a-13

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1321; Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2170, 2175; ABBA; Jubilee year sanctity; arranged chiastically.

25:14-17

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1321; ABCDEEDCBA “introversion, surrounding the mundane business of computing crop years by the injunction not to cheat one another” (ABBA); Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2176-2177.

25:18b-22

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1321; axa ABXBA bxb; “an introversion flanked by two chiasms,” centered on YHWH’s blessing on fallow years” (cf Num 11 - 12 for similar structure); Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2180; “a mountain with two small foothills on either side” (J. Wyrick).

25:18-19 ∥22b

Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2180; axa ∥bxb; structural parallel/ inclusion; “conjectural.”

25:20-22a

Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2180; ABXBA.

25:22

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1332; “circular inclusio”; cf 26:4.

25:25

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322; abcxcba “intricate chiasm,” centers on kinsman as ʼēl “redeemer”; Hildebrand in Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2194; ABCXCBA.

25:36-43

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1321; Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2218-2219;; ABXAB introversion (parallel panels in 39-40), centering on law – indebted Israelite who cannot be a slave.

25:37

Paran Literary Features 26-27, 89, cited in Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2211; abc:cba.

25:38

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322; abba chiasm; Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2212; ABBA.

25:41

Muraoka thesis 30.

25:42-43 ∥53b-55a

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1321, 1331; Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2240; ABCCBA introversion of Israelite & alien master, resulting in ABCD:CBAD when bostered by rationale that Israel is pledged to God by covenant, and that the Israelite debtor must be released at Jubilee; H uses “law of reversal” when citing itself.

25:44

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322; abxba chiasm; Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2228; ABBA.

25:47-49

Wyrick in Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2233; Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1321; ABXBA introversion.

25:50-53

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1321; ABBA introversion; 25:16-28 ∥47-53 parallel panels; Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2234; “introverted structure.”

26:3-13

Hildenbrand in Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2290-2291, 2298; ABCDE1E2E2E1DCBA; “giant introversion”; ∥Ezek 34:24-28, 37:26-27; ∥Ex 6:4-7.

26:3-12

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322, 1333; ABCDEEDCBA introversion, with the EE center as continuous chiasmus on a small scale (ab:cd::dc:ba); “Chap. 26 is the closure of the entire book of Leviticus.”

26:4-12

Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2289; abxba.

26:7-8

Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2291, 2297; E1(ab)E2(cd)E2(dc)E1(ba).

26:8

Paran Literary Features 83, and Kselman JBL 97:161-173, cited in Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2297; ABCD ∥DBCA; five...hundred ∥hundred...ten thousand (1:20 ∥1:100).

26:9-13

Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2298; ∥Ex 6:4-7.

26:11-44

Warning, Literary Artistry, 101, ABCBA.

26:29

König Stilistik 171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:41.

26:39

Hildenbrand in Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1322; Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2326; abxba chiasm; centering on exile.

26:42-45

Hildenbrand in Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2334; ABBA.

27

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1333; chap. 27 is an appendix, to parallel chap. 1.

Numbers

1:1-10:10

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 46, ABCXCBA.

1:1-12:16

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 44, ABCXCBA.

1:1 - 36:13

Radday BM 20-21:70; LB 19:21; CIA 89; ABA’; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 12, 43, 45, ABCXCBA.

1 - 35

Radday CIA 89-90; ABCDEFGHIH’G’F’E’D’B’A’C’; r = -0.950.

1:54

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:41.

5 – 6

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 47, ABCXCBA.

5:4

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:41.

8:20

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:41.

9 – 30

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 43, ABCXCBA.

9:5

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:41.

10:1 - 21:18

Schart Mose und Israel; ABCDEFFEDCBA; M. Smith CBQ 28:25-50; cf Ex 15:1, 16:3-13, 17:2,5-13, 18:1-27, 32:10,12, 33:11,13, 34:6-7.

10:11-22:1

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 48, ABCXCBA.

11:4-44

Yudkowsky, Jewish Bible Quarterly 35:109-10, ABCBA.

11:24b-25c

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 46, abcba.

12:6-8

Kselman VT 26:500-504, cited in Watson CIA 131; octocolon.

13:1 - 14:37

McEvenue Narrative 114-115,123-125; palistrophe (double structure); di Marco LB 36:41.

13:1-20:21

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 12, ABCXCBA.

13:1-25:9

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 44, ABCXCBA.

13:2

McEvenue Narrative 107; short-circuit; cf. Gen 6:14, 8:16-17.

13:3a ∥26a

McEvenue Narrative 108; inclusion of “Moses . . . Wilderness of Paran.”

15:1-19:22

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 45-46, ABCXCBA.

14:2

Andersen Sentence 143; McEvenue Narrative 110-111; Kselman JBL 97:171; Milgrom Numbers; ABBA; Douglas, Thinking in Circles, 3, ABBA.

15:35-36

Bullinger Figures; ABCDDCBA; Lund AJSL 46:104-126 (ABCBA, ABCDEDCBA); Lund CNT 42, cited in Welch thesis 21; Lund AJSL 46:107, and Alonso-Schökel DBS VIII:96, cited in di Marco LB 36:41; Radday CIA 90; Ceresko UF 7:88; Milgrom Leviticus 23-27 2130; “perfect chiastic structure,” with case and sentence “an organic unit.”; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 40, abcddcba.

15:35

J. Smith New Treasury.

15:35-36

Demke and Vanatter, Davidic Chiasmus and Parallelisms, 17, ABCDEFEDCBA; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 146, ABCDEDCBA.

15:36

J. Smith New Treasury.

16 – 18

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 48, ABCXCBA.

16:34-17:13

Christensen, The Unity of the Bible, 13, ABCXCBA.

17:26

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:41.

18:23b-24

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1469 (H); ABA chiastic introversion similar to Lev 17:10-12.

21:17-18

Freedman in Huddlestun, ed., Divine Commitment II:10-11; syllabic (4:4,7,7,4:4) and accentual (2:2,3,3,2:2) chiasm; Song of the Well.

23:7

Gray Forms 80 (E).

23:24

O’Conner Hebrew.

24:9a

Gray Forms 79; di Marco LB 36:41.

24:18

Gray Forms 80; König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:41; Watson CIA 126; cf Albright YGC 13 (Balaam’s Oracle).

25:10-36:13

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 45, ABCXCBA.

26 – 36

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 49, ABCXCBA.

28 – 30

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 50, ABCXCBA.

30:15

Milgrom Numbers; ABBA.

32:16

Milgrom Numbers; ABBA.

32:24

Milgrom Numbers; ABBA.

35:17-25

Jackson, Semiotics of Biblical Law, 216, ABCCBA.

Deuteronomy

1 - 34

Radday CIA 86-87, citing Knutson dissertation 136-139,156-158; narrative flanks the ABA of 5 - 28 (and the Deuteronomic Code of 12 - 26); Miller Deuteronomy 10, ABCBA “ring structure,” citing Christensen in Mills & Bullard, eds., Mercer Dictionary 211-212; Christensen Song of Power; ABCBA; Christensen JETS 39:537-548; ABXBA; cf. Knutson RSP II, VI:2 (g-r), “covenant paranesis.” For possible derivation, see R. Smith CIA 20 n. 34; cf D. P. Wright ZAR 10:143,168; Wright Maarav 10:11-87. Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 52, 54, ABCXCBA.

1:1-5 ∥28:69

Lundbom Jeremiah 16, n. 155 (MT 28:69 = LXX 29:1). ∥4:44-49; inclusion of superscription and subscription.

1:1 - 11:32

Radday CIA 86-87; ABA’.

1:1-5 ∥4:44-49

Lundbom Jeremiah 16, n. 155. ∥28:69.

1 - 3

Airoldi RBI 16:156, n. 5, cited in di Marco LB 36:41.

1:1 - 3:29

Christensen ZAW 97:179-189; ABCDEDCBA.

1:1-5

Lohfink BZNF 6:32, n. 2, cited in di Marco LB 36:42; Lundbom VT 46:296-315; ABCCBA.

1:6 - 3:29

Lohfink Biblica 41:105-134; ABCDCBAACA; Christensen, Das Deuteronomium, 138, ABCDEDCBA.

1:6-35

Lohfink Biblica 41:120-123; “montage” of speeches, cited in McEvenue Narrative 114, n. 32b, and in di Marco LB 36:42.

1:16-18

Christensen ZAW 97:179-189; ABCCBA.

1:19 - 3:11

Christensen BETL 68:135:144; ABCDEDCBA

1:1-3:22

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 54, ABCXCBA.

1:20-31

Lohfink Lectures in Deuteronomy 15; chiasm of speaker, cited in Lundbom Jeremiah 62 (n. 4), 143 (n. 169).

1:37-42

Lohfink Biblica 41:120-123, cited in McEvenue Narrative 114 n. 32b, and in di Marco LB 36:42.

2

Lohfink Biblica 41:120-123, cited in McEvenue Narrative 114 n. 32b.

2:2-25

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 55, ABCXCBA.

2:7-16

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 55, ABCXCBA.

2:4

Andersen Sentence 134 (imperative)..

2:11-12

Andersen Sentence 133 (location).

2:27

Andersen Sentence 38; appositive clauses.

3

Lohfink Biblica 41:120-123, cited in McEvenue Narrative 114 n. 32b.

3:6-7

Andersen Sentence 126.

3:12

Andersen Sentence 128.

3:18 ∥21

Andersen Sentence 136; discontinuous clauses.

3:23-29

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 71, ABCXCBA.

3:23-7:11

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 56, ABCXCBA,

4:1 - 11:25

Christensen BETL 68:135-144; ABCDEFGFEDCBA; O’Connell VT 40:437-452; ABAABAXXABA (“asymmetrical concentricity”).

4:10bβ

Andersen Sentence 139.

4:14

Andersen Sentence 128.

4:44-49 ∥28:69

see Deut 1:1-5 ∥28:69, and cf. Deut 4:27-28 ∥28:62-64.

5 - 28

Knutson dissertation 136-139, cited by Radday CIA 86 n. 32; ABA; Knutson RSP II, VI:2 (gh); Welch UF VI:426.

5:1-22

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 56, ABCXCBA.

5:1b-33

Knutson dissertation 156-158, cited by Radday CIA 86 n. 32; ABA; Knutson RSP II, VI:2 (ef); ∥Exodus 19 - 24.

5:6-21

Radday BM 20-21:51; Lohfink BZNF 9:26, cited in di Marco LB 36:42; cf. Bee JRSS A, 135:411, as earlier than P; cf. also Exodus 20:2-17.

5:6-10

Lestienne RB 79:494,496, cited in di Marco LB 36:45.

5:8

Ceresko UF 7:88.

5:8-21

Douglas, "Chiastmic Study of the Decalogue," abc1c2c3c3c2c1ba.

5:12-15

Lohfink BZNF 9:22, cited in di Marco LB 36:43. Carlston, Discovering Chiasmus in the Writings of the Prophets 17, jklmnopqqponmlkj.

5:21

Andersen Sentence 132.

5:23-6:3

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 57, ABCXCBA.

5:24-26

Carlston Discovering Chiasmus in the Writings of the Prophets 9, KLMNOONMLK.

5:27 - 6:3

Lohfink Hauptgebot 66-68,102 (ABCDCBA), cited in di Marco LB 36:43.

6:1-3 ∥23-25

R. Smith; inclusion.

6:4-9 ∥11:18-22

Buchanan To the Hebrews xixff.; Lundbom Jeremiah 16 (n. 155), 92 (n. 78); inclusio with center sections inverted; cf. Prov 2 - 7.

6:4-7:11

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 57, ABCXCBA.

6:22-23

Andersen Sentence 126.

6:24-25

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 19, abcdedcba.

7:1-26

O’Connell VT 42:248-265; “asymmetrical concentricity”; ABCDEFDGHIJGKLMMLJHGFEHDFIKABCBA.

7:2-5 ∥25-26

Lohfink Hauptgebot 183 (ABCCBA), cited in di Marco LB 36:44; chiastic inclusion; O’Connell VT 42:248-265.

7:6-14

Lohfink Hauptgebot 182-183 (ABCDEFGHHGFEDCBA), cited in di Marco LB 36:43; O’Connell VT 42:248-265.

7:10

Andersen Sentence 57-58; ABA.

7:12-11:25

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 57-58, ABCXCBA.

7:20

Andersen Sentence 158.

8:1-10

Allred, “Moses’ Charge to Remember,” 58, ABCDCBA.

8:1-19a

Lohfink Hauptgebot 195 (ABCDCBA); Höre Israel 75-76, cited in di Marco LB 36:44; O’Connell VT 40:437-452; ABCDEFGHIJKLLKJIGEHFDC(1A)(1B)(1B)(1A); “asymmetrical concentricity.”

8:1-20

Clifford, Deuteronomy, 55, ABCACBA; Stathearn, “Jesus’ Use of Deuteronomy in the Temptations,” 126, ABCDCBA.; Tigay, Deuteronomy 92, ABCCBA.

8:2-16

Van Leeuwen, CBQ 47/1, 56, ABBA.

8:7-10

Lundbom VT 46:296-315; ABCDCBA.

8:12a ∥13

Andersen Sentence 137-138.

8:12

Andersen Sentence 137-138.

9:7 ∥8,22

Andersen Sentence 126.

9:8-19

Galbiati Struttura 58-60, cited in di Marco LB 36:46.

9:8

Andersen Sentence 126.

9:12-21

Zipor ZAW 108:20-33; ABCCBA.

9:20

Andersen Sentence 126,130.

9:26-29

Galbiati Struttura 205, cited in di Marco LB 36:46.

9:26-27

Andersen Sentence 57-58; ABA (neg-pos-neg).

10:1-7

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 58, ABCXCBA.

10:12-11:9

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 58, ABCXCBA.

10:16

Andersen Sentence 132.

11:10-25

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 58, ABCXCBA.

11:22-32

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 21, abcdeedcba.

11:26-16:17

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 60-61, ABCXCBA.

11:26-26:19

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 52, 59, ABCXCBA.

12:1 ∥13:1

Lundbom Jeremiah 16, n. 155 (RSV & NEB versus MT & LXX); inclusio; Lundbom VT 46:296-315 (12:32); ABCCBA.

12:1-32

Galbiati Struttura 63, cited in di Marco LB 36:46; cf. McConville Law and Theology.

12:2-7,29-31

Levinson Deuteronomy; ABCCBA.

12:8-28

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 62, ABCXCBA.

12:13-19

Levinson Deuteronomy; ABCCBA.

12:14

Levinson Deuteronomy; ABBA.

12:30-31

Arneth, ZABR, 195, ABCCBA.

12:31

Arneth, ZABR, 198, ABBA.

13:2 - 18:22

Lundbom VT 46:296-315 (13:1); ABCDCBA.

13:10-11a

Levinson Deuteronomy.

14:1-21

Lohfink Lectures in Deuteronomy 24,26, cited in Lundbom Jeremiah 16, n. 155; inclusio.

14:3-21a

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 61, ABCXCBA.

14:22 - 15:23

Lohfink Lectures in Deuteronomy 24,26, cited in Lundbom Jeremiah 16, n. 155; Lundbom VT 46:296-315; ABBA.

15:3

McConville Law and Theology.

15:7-11

Galbiati Struttura 54-55, cited in di Marco LB 36:46.

16:5-6

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 32, abba.

16:16-17

Levinson Deuteronomy; ABCCXBA.

16:18-21:9

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 52-53, 60, ABCXCBA.

17:1

Levinson Deuteronomy; ABBA.

17:2-19:19

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 53, ABCXCBA.

17:5b-7

Levinson Deuteronomy; ABBXA.

17:8-19-13

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 60, ABCXCBA.

18:1-8

McConville Law and Theology; ABBA.

19:2 - 25:12

Otto VTS 61:239-273; ABCDCBA.

21:1-9

Welch in Jackson, ed,, JLAS IV, 20, ABCBA.

21:10-25:19

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 63, ABCXCBA.

22:7

Langlamet RB 77:589, cited in di Marco LB 36:45.

22:28-29

Otto VTS 61:239-273; ABCCBA.

24 - 29

Toy Rb 78:382, cited in di Marco LB 36:45.

24:4-12

Eslinger VT 34:221-226; ABCDEFEDCBA.

24:6-25:19

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 64, ABCXCBA.

24:10-25:10

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 64, ABCXCBA.

26:1 - 34:12

Radday CIA 86-87; ABA’.

28:1-2

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 31, abba.

28 - 34

Shea Origins 5:9-38; ABCBA; prose-poetry-X-poetry-prose.

28:3-13

Tigay, Deuteronomy, 490, ABCDEEDCBA.

28:20-44

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 68, ABCXCBA.

28:27-35

R. Smith. Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 68, ABCXCBA.

28:23-42

Tigay, Deuteronomy, 491, ABCDEFEDCBA.

29:9-14

Lohfink BZNF 6:39, cited in di Marco LB 36:44.

29:10-30:20

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 69, ABCXCBA.

29:15b

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:44.

30:1-10

Lohfink BZNF 6:41, cited in di Marco LB 36:45; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 70, ABCXCBA.

31:1-30

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 71, ABCXCBA.

31:1-34:12

Christensen, Das Deuteronomium, 138, ABCDEDCBA; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 73, 75, ABCXCBA.

31:2 - 32:43

Sonnet Book Within the Book 125-182; chiastic ABCDDCBA.

31:9-27

Tigay, Deuteronomy, 505, ABCBA.

31:10-29

Lohfink Biblica 41:120-123, cited in McEvenue Narrative 114, n. 32b; Lohfink BZNF 6:41, cited in di Marco LB 36:45.

31:19-22

Allan, Greater Things, August 19, 1992, 13, A1A2A3B1B2B3B4CDEEDCB1B2B3B4A1A2.

31:24-30 ∥32:44-47

Lundbom CBQ 38:299; ABC:CBA; Temple scroll.

31:28-32:45

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 73, ABCXCBA.

32:1-43

Bullinger Figures; ABCDEEDCBA; J. Smith New Treasury; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 73-74, ABCXCBA., 74, ABXBA.

32:1-46

Allan, Greater Things, August 19, 1992, 19, AB1B2CCB1B2A.

32:1-4

Hrushovski EJ 13:1195-1203; ABBA.

32:3

Gray Forms 66; di Marco LB 36:45; abc:c’a’b’.

32:3-19

Allan, Greater Things, August 19, 1992, 16, AABBCCCDEEF1F2F3G1G2G3G1G2G3F1F2F3EEDDCCCBBA.

32:4a

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:46.

32:9-11

Geller HTR 75:35-56.

32:9a

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:44.

32:11

Gray Forms 71; a2b:b’a’.

32:14

Watson CIA 134; double structure; gender chiasmus.

32:15c-33

Allan, Greater Things, August 19, 1992, 17, AAAAAAABBCCDDEEFFGGHHIIJJKKLKKJJIIHHGGFFEEDDCCBBAAAAAAA.

32:16

Bullinger Figures; ABBA; Gray Forms 65; Willis CBQ 35:153; Andersen Sentence 38; Watson CIA 124; di Marco LB 36:45; appositives; ab:b’a’; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 27, abba; Allan, Greater Things, August 19, 1992, 14, a1a2cca1a2.; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 101, abba.

32:18

Gray Forms 66; di Marco LB 36:45; abc:c’a’b’; Allan, Greater Things, August 19, 1992, 14, a1a2bba1a2.

32:19-35

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 74, ABCXCBA,.

32:22-43

Allan, Greater Things, August 19, 1992, 18, AAAABBBBCDDEEFFG1G2G3G4HHI1I2I3I4I5JJK1K2K1K2JJI1I2I3I4I5HHG1G2G3G4FEDCCBBBBAAAA.

32:22cd

Gray Forms 64-66,71-72, cited in di Marco LB 36:45.

32:23

Gray Forms 66; di Marco LB 36:45; abc:c’a’b’.

32:26

Muilenburg EJ 13:673; cf. Albright YGC 29; ab:b’a’.

32:27

Lundbom Jeremiah 66; cf. Jer 6:8.

32:30ab

Gray Forms 66; abc:b’a’c’.

32:34-43

Allan, Greater Things, August 19, 1992, 19, AAB1B2B3B3B3B4B5CCD1D2EFGGGGFED1D2CCB1B2B3B3B3B4B5AA.

32:35cd

Gray Forms 64-66,71-72, cited in di Marco LB 36:45.

32:38

Gray Forms 66-67 (n. 1); abc:c’a’b’.

32:43

Watson CIA 127; ABBA tetracolon; cf. MT and 4Q versions (BASOR 136:12-15).

32:44-47

Lundbom CBQ 38:299.

33:2-29

Christensen Biblica 65:382-389; ABCCBA (33:2-5,26-29).

33:6-25

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 75, ABCXCBA.

33:9

Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 205, abba.

33:9de

Gray Forms 65; di Marco LB 36:45; ab:b’a’.

33:11

O’Conner Hebrew.

33:12

Dahood RSP III, I 304 h; yqtl-qtl sequence; ABBA tetracolon.

33:26b

Watson CIA 125; abc:cb.

33:28ab

König Stilistik 145,172, cited in di Marco LB 36:46.

33:29

Dahood RSP II, I:27.

34:1-12

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 76, ABXBA.

Former Prophets

Joshua - II Kings

Boling & Wright Joshua 117-118; ABBA of Joshua ∥Judges, I Samuel ∥II Samuel, I Kings ∥II Kings by Deuteronomistic redactor. Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 79, 80, 101, ABCXCBA.

Joshua

  1. Lohfink Biblica 41:120-123, cited in McEvenue Narrative 114, n. 32b.

1 - 12

Radday LB 27-28:10-11; BM 20-21:54; CIA 58; ABCDEFGBEFDCA; r = -0.607; cf. Thackeray Septuagint 132, cited in Brownlee MQS 256, n. 18; centers on the conquest of Jericho (and of Ai?).

1 – 24

Christensen, Unity if the Bible, 81, ABCXCBA.

2:9-11

Assis CBN 277, ABCCBA; Lawson, “Joshua,” 176, ABCBA.

3 - 4

Alonso-Schökel DBS VIII:87, cited in di Marco LB 36:48 (cf. Galbiati Struttura 63-64).

3:2-13

Lohfink Biblica 41:120-123, cited in McEvenue Narrative 114, n. 32b; Lohfink BZNF 5:200, n. 45, cited in di Marco LB 36:48.

6:8

Boling & Wright Joshua 206; disjunctive syntax = non-sequential action.

8:4-8

Assis CBN 291-92, ABCCBA.

8:20

Boling & Wright Joshua 241.

9:6-11

Boling & Wright Joshua 265.

9:16

Boling & Wright Joshua 266.

10:1-15

Douglas, "Chiasmic Summary of Joshua 10.1-15," abcdefghhgfedcba.

10:12 ∥14

Boling & Wright Joshua 285; reversal of “YHWH . . . God” (LXX).

10:12

Boling & Wright Joshua 276 (LXX).

10:13

Andersen Sentence 123.

10:28-39

Boling & Wright Joshua 293-294; 2ABC:B’2A’; Younger BZ 39:255-264; ABCCBA/ABCXCBA.

10:28

Boling & Wright Joshua 290 (lacking in LXX Alexand. & Vaticanus).

10:41

Boling & Wright Joshua 297; poetic bicolon.

11:3

Boling & Wright Joshua 301; abba (MT only).

11:10

Andersen Sentence 128.

11:23 ∥14:15

Boling & Wright Joshua 340; frame.

12:6

Boling & Wright Joshua 326; verbal.

13 - 24

Radday LB 27-28:10-11; BM 20-21:54; CIA 58-59; cf. Thackeray Septuagint 132, cited in Brownlee MQS 256, n. 18; centers on the Tent of Meeting at Shiloh (18:1), amidst an ABCBA tribal symmetry (13 - 19).

13:13a

R. Smith.

13:14b ∥32

Boling & Wright Joshua 340; chiastic frame (restored).

13:15 - 19:48

Radday CIA 58-59; tribal symmetry, ABCB’A’, centered on Shiloh.

14:11

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 29, abba.

21:42b

König Stilistik 172, cited in di Marco LB 36:48.

22:3

Boling & Wright Joshua 504.

22:5

Boling & Wright Joshua 509; action words center on “stipulations.”

22:10-34

Lawson, Joshua, 187, abcde1e2e2e1dcba.

23:15-16

Boling & Wright Joshua 525; grammatical chiasm.

24:2-27

Knutson dissertation 148-149; ABA (archaic); cf. Exodus 19:4-6. Cf statement and recapitulation of historical prologue at 2-13 ∥16-18 (Mendenhall & Herion in Freedman, ed., ABD I:1185).

24:4

Weiss BM 13:51.

24:9-10

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 42, abba.

24:15

Ellis Rise and Fall 20; ABCCBA.

24:16

R. Smith; cf. Malachi 3:24a (KJV 4:6).

24:17a ∥18b

Andersen Sentence 165; inclusion.

24:29-31 ∥Judges 2:7-9

Talmon Biblical Colloquium, Nov 1970, cited by Boling in Bream A Light 38 and n. 15. Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 82, ABCXCBA.

Judges

1 - 21

Radday BM 20-21:57; LB 9-10:21-31; 27:28:12-13; di Marco LB 36:49; Boling Judges 30 (by accumulated layers); ABCBA; Tanner Bibliotheca Sacra 149:146-161; ABCDEFEDCBA; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 84, ABCXCBA; Grossman Literary Study 22, ABCDEDCBA. 

1:1 - 21:25

Radday CIA 68, citing Boling Judges 30; ABCDBDBDEA; disintegration and restoration frame a three-part nucleus; Gooding, Eretz-Israel 16: 70-79, ABCDEFEDCBA.

1 - 16

Radday BM 20-21:57; CIA 70-71; centering on Mt Gerizim (9:7), or on Gideon’s Declaration: “The Lord will rule over you” (8:23).

1:1-36 ∥19:1 - 21:25

Boling Judges 30; 6th century B.C. “D” layer.

1:1 ∥20:18

Boling Judges 53 (“a redactor’s inclusio”); Boling also in Bream A Light 38 (n. 14), 44-45.

1 ∥19:29

Boling Judges 276-277; counterbalance of inverted elements; cf. Gen 19:9.

1:15b

D. N. Freedman, cited in Boling Judges 51,57; Watson CIA 125; abccab.

1:19a

König Stilistik 145,172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:50.

1:22-35

R. Smith; cf. Boling Judges 52,60-61, who sees here only inclusio and v-n ∥n-v in 1:27 ∥29(-33).

2:1-5 ∥16:1 - 18:31

Boling Judges 30; 7th century B.C. “D” layer.

2:2

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 43, abba; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 106, abba.

2:6 - 15:20

Boling Judges 30; 8th century B.C. collection; cf. 5:28ff ∥11:34.

2:11 ∥13

Boling Judges 74; inclusio.

3:19 ∥26

Boling Judges 86: inclusio.

5:2 ∥9

Boling Judges 107,110; “a powerful inclusio”–a frequent device in the Song of Deborah (cf. Boling’s Appendix B).

5:2-9

R. Smith; cf. Coogan CBQ 40:143-166.

5:4a ∥31

Boling Judges 116; inclusio; cf. 5:11e-13.

5:4-5 ∥6-7

Boling Judges 107; “clearly chiastic arrangement in balanced subunits . . . deliberate”; Ceresko CBQ 38:307.

5:4c-5a

Globe JBL 93:504.

5:6

Ceresko CBQ 38:306-307 (emended following Boling).

5:7a

König Stilistik 145,172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:50.

5:11

König Stilistik 145,172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:50.

5:11e-13

Globe JBL 93:504,506; Boling Judges 111; “inclusio or envelope construction enclosing the climactic appeal of verse 12. The frame (11e and 13) represent the action inspired by the exclamation in vs. 12.”

5:15d-16

Globe JBL 93:506; Boling Judges 112; inclusio.

5:19-21

König Stilistik 145,172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:50; Muilenburg JBL 88:11,18, cited in di Marco LB 36:49; Boling Judges 103,113; “envelope” of “fought”; abc∥cb’ (with ballast variant) at 5:19, and abc∥dbe at 5:20.

5:19

Hibbard The Psalms 61; with ballast variant.

5:23-24

König Stilistik 145,172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:50.

5:23b

Hibbard The Psalms 61.

5:24

Willis CBQ 35:153, n. 67 (J); Bühlmann & Scherer, Stilfiguren, 29, cited in di Marco LB 36:49.

5:25

Watson CIA 122; ABA tricolon in stanza of two strophes.

5:28ff ∥11:34

Boling Judges 208; inverted narrative elements.

5:28

König Stilistik 145,172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:50; Boling Judges 104,115; syllabic 4:4, “lines arranged chiastically.”

5:31

König Stilistik 145,172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:50.

6:1 - 8:32

Tanner Bibliotheca Sacra 149:146-161; ABCBA.

6:2b ∥6a

Richter Exegese 70-71, cited in di Marco LB 36:49; chiastic inclusion.

6:3 ∥10

Boling Judges 126; “Easterners” ∥”Westerners.”

6:11 ∥24b

Boling Judges 134; “editorial inclusio.”

6:25 ∥27

Boling Judges 135; “a neat inclusio.”

6:28

Andersen Sentence 139.

6:33 - 7:18

Tanner Bibliotheca Sacra 149:146-161; ABCCBA.

6:38

König Stilistik 145,172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:50.

7:1 ∥21:4

Boling Judges 291; inverted narrative elements.

7:1c ∥8d

Richter Exegese 70-71, citred in di Marco LB 36:49; chiastic inclusion.

7:17

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

7:25

Andersen Sentence 128.

8:4-5 ∥15

Boling Judges 157; “a strong inclusio.”

8:22-29 ∥9:45

Boling Judges 180; inverted narrative elements.

8:31

Andersen Sentence 158.

8:33-35 ∥9:55-57

Boling Judges 169; inclusio.

9 ∥11:2

Boling Judges 197; inverted narrative elements.

9:7-57

Boling Judges 30: ABA.

9:8-15

Boling Judges 166,172-173; “to anoint, over them, a king” is reversed, and “Jotham’s poetic speech is set within a prose framework,” and is syllabically balanced; Watson CIA 137-138.

9:23-25

Boling Judges 167,176; inclusio surrounding chiasm at 9:24.

9:42 ∥45

Boling Judges 180; inclusio with “the people.”

9:45

Andersen Sentence 128.

9:56-57

Boogaart JSOT 32:45-56; ABBA; Klaus Pivot Patterns.

10:6 ∥16

Boling Judges 193; “narrative inclusio.”

10:6-7

D. N. Freedman, cited in Boling Judges 190-191; Philistines and Ammonites reversed.

11:1 ∥3

Boling Judges 198; pronominal inclusio.

11:6-8

Boling Judges 196,198; “a chiasm” of 11:6 ∥8.

11:30 ∥39

Boling Judges 209; inclusio.

12:1 ∥4a

Boling Judges 212; inclusio.

13 - 16

Blenkinsopp JBL 82:72-75, cited in di Marco LB 36:49; Radday CIA 69; cf. I Samuel 10:2-8, II Kings 2; Samson Cycle.

14:1 ∥3

Boling Judges 229; inclusio of “get her for me” ∥”a certain woman.”

14:2-3

Blenkinsopp JBL 82:72-74; ABA.

15:5

Boling Judges 234-235; “chiastic arrangement” with mem doing double duty in second colon.

15:19-20 ∥17:10

Boling Judges 237; inverted narrative elements.

16:1-3

D. N. Freedman, cited in Boling Judges 248; “inclusio” of 16:1 ∥3.

17 - 21

Radday; ABA.

17 - 18

Radday CIA 69; ABA; Micah’s Idol (violation of 6th & 7th commandments); centering on 18:1-10.

17:7 ∥12

Boling Judges 256-258; inclusio of wayehi (cf. repetition in 17:8 ∥12).

18:2 ∥20:46

Boling Judges 288; “a redactional inclusio.”

18:3 ∥19:1

Boling Judges 273; “conscious contrast (narrative inversion).”

18:10

Muraoka thesis 30.

18:16-17

Klaus Pivot Patterns; Assis CBN 284, ABCBA.

18:23

König Stilistik 145,172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:50.

19 - 21

Radday CIA 69; ABA; Concubine of Gibeah; internecine warfare at center (20).

19:4-9

D. N. Freedman, cited in Boling Judges 274; a “pyramidal” construction, with inclusio at 19:4 ∥9.

20:8 ∥11

Boling Judges 284; inclusio of “as one man.”

20:12ff ∥21:8-12,16-22

Boling Judges 294; inverted narrative elements.

20:48

Andersen Sentence 164.

21:1 ∥5

Boling Judges 291; inclusio.

Samuel

I Sam 1 - I Ki 2

Radday BM 20-21:62-63; LB 9-10:21-31; CIA 77-79; in Gibboryahu Sefer Zer-Kabod 359-360; with peak on Mt Gilboa; multistructure.

1 Sam 1 – 2 Sam 24

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 88, ABCXCBA.

I Sam 2 - II Sam 22

Radday in Gibboryahu Sefer Zer-Kabod 362-364; CIA 51; centers on the raising of Samuel from She’ol (28), or on Lament of David (Ii Sam 1); cf Shea Origins 5:9-38; Psalm 68.

I Samuel

1 – 15

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 90, ABCXCBA.

1 - 31

Radday BM 20-21:62-63; LB 9-10:22-23; CIA 78-80; centering on War with Amalek; cf Shea Origins 5:9-38. Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 8, ABCXCBA.

1 - 2

Bullinger Figures; ABBA.

1:2

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 36, abba.

2:1-10

Radday LB 9-10:26-27; in Gibboryahu Sefer Zer-Kabod 357-359: Hannah’s Prayer as an “overture” to the Books of Samuel; di Marco LB 36:53; vocabulary of chiasm; cf. D. N. Freedman JBL 96:13; I Sam 28, Pss 68, 113. Radday, Zer-Kabod Festschrift, 357, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

2:2

Willis CBQ 35:139-154; Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 228, ABA.

2:8a

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:55; McCarter I Samuel 75.

2:10b

McCarter I Samuel 75; ABCAC’B’; cf. II Sam 22:14.

2:24

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:55.

3:13

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:55.

3:14

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:55.

3:17

Watson; ABCDC’B’A’ (omitting wayyo’mer); Klaus Pivot Patterns; Assis CBN 282, ABCBA.

4:2

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:55.

6:12-13

Muraoka thesis 30.

7 - 12

Langlamet RB 77:161-200.

7:3-12:25

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 90, ABCXCBA.

8:1 - 12:25

Childs IOTS 277; BABAB, as the intention of the final editor.

8:6b-9

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 15, ab(b)cdeedcb(b)a.

8:7-9

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

9:3-10:16

Jacobs VT 58:500, abcdCBA.

10:1-16

Lund CNT 88-89, cited in Radday CIA 80-81; Lund AJSL 46:121-122, cited in di Marco LB 36:55; ABCDEFEDCBA.

12:21

Arnold JBL 123: 139, ABBA.

15 – 22

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 91, ABCXCBA.,

15:22a

Radday LB 9-10:25.

17:36-37

Ceresko CBQ 47:58-74; ABCBA.

17:51-54

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

18 – 20

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 91, ABCXCBA.

18:7-8

Weiss BM 13:51.

18:22

Andersen Sentence 139.

19:4-5

Assis CBN 290, ABCCBA.

23 – 30

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 92, ABCXCBA.

23:14-15

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

23:22-23

Weiss BM 13:47; Assis CBN 285-86, ABCDCBA.

23:29-26:25

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 92, ABCXCBA.

24 - 26

R. Smith; triptych; cf. J. Rosenberg King and King 152 on Nabal Story of I Sam 25 “flanked by traditionary doublets (I Sam. 24 and 26) . . . .”

25:3

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 36, abba.

26:18-20

Assis CBN ABCCBA.

28:19

Andersen Sentence 164.

29:1-11

Bar-Efrat VT 30:154-173.

31:9-10

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

II Samuel

1 - I Ki 2

Radday BM 20-21:62-63; LB 9-10:23-24; CIA 78-79; centering on the Bath-Sheba Affair; part of dual structure.

1 - 24

R. Weiss BM 13:46-57; ABCDEFEDCBA, ABCDCBA; Radday LB 9-10:21-31; A...L...A, ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 92, ABCXCBA.

1 – 10

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 93, ABCXCBA.

1:19-25a(-27)

Radday BM 20-21:61, ABCDCBA; LB 9-10:24-25, and Alonso-Schökel DBS VIII:88, cited in di Marco LB 36:53,55; Shea BASOR 221:141-144; Ceresko CBQ 40:4-5; ABBA; Watson CIA 137-139, and n. 10; centering on v. 22a; rABrBAr + postlude & refrain (citing Moulton Literary Study 158); Shea JBL 105:13-25; ABCDDCBA; see the chiasm in Cross’ reconstructed refrain in Beck, et al., eds., Fortunate the Eyes That See cf. D. N. Freedman in Bergman Ex Orbe Religionum 115-126; Radday, "Additional Note on Samuel," 14, ABCDEEDCBA.

1:20-25

Radday BM 20-21:61; LB 9-10:25; Shea BASOR 221:143.

1:21

Dahood and D. N. Freedman, cited by Schoors RSP I, I:44(g); 6:9:6 syllable count.

1:21b

Kselman Biblica 58:219-223; ABBA; “semantic-sonant chiasmus”; Watson CIA 132.

1:21-22a

Ceresko CBQ 40:4-5, cited in Watson CIA 138-139; double ABBA tetracolon (ABBABBAr) + mini-refrain (slain/heroes) at center of whole poem.

1:21-24

Radday, "Additional Note on Samuel," 15, ABCCBA.

1:24

Ceresko CBQ 40:4-5, cited in Watson CIA 127,138-139; ABBA tetracolon (clothed/jewels/ ornaments/clothing).

1:25-27

Radday BM 20-21:62; LB 9-10:25.

2 - I Ki 1

Radday CIA 81; ABCDEFGHIJKLKHEIGJBFCDA; r = -0.811.

2 - 24

Carlson, cited in Childs IOTS 276; ABA.

3:1 - I Ki 2

Radday LB 9-10:24; narrative and formal chiasms (dual).

3:1

Bullinger Figures; ABBA; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 35, abba.

3:8ab

König Stilistik 171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:55.

3:24-25

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

3:33b-34

Radday LB 9-10:25; Watson CIA 128; ABBA; semantic chiasm with double wordplay; Freedman, “On the Death of Abiner”; reconstructed syllabic 10:9:9:10; ABBA; cf 4QSama.

3:36

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

5 – 5

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 93-94, ABCXCBA.

6:20-22

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

10:1-12:31

Youngblood, Expositor’s Bible Commentary, vol. 3:927, ABC(1)C(2)DEC(1)DC(2)BA.

11 – 24

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 94, ABCXCBA.

11:1-27

Fischer ZAW 101:50-59; ABCBA, or ABCDCBA.

11:2-27a

Augustin BZ 27:150.

12:16-20

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

13:1 - I Ki 3:28

Lund CNT 90-92, cited in di Marco LB 36:55.

13:1-22

Ridout in Jackson & Kessler, eds., Rhetorical Crit. 75-84; ABCDEDCBA.

13:32-33

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

15 - 20

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 94, ABCXCBA.

15:1 - I Ki 2:36

Radday CIA 81-82, citing Lund CNT 90-92; ABCDEFFEDCBA.

15:24-19:43

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 95, ABCXCBA.

15:32-19:40

Fokkelman, RBN, --, CDEEDC.

16:5-14

Ridout dissertation 56-70; ABB’A’; Bruegemann CBQ 36:177-178.

16 – 21

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 96, ABCXCBA.

16:5-17:29

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 95, ABCXCBA.

16:20-17:22

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 95,

17:7-14

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

17:8-13

Bar-Efrat VT 30/2:170-71, ABCXCBADEXED.

18:10-11

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

18:20

Ceresko UF 7:88.

19:1

Radday LB 9-10:25-26 (= KJV 18:33).

19:1b

Watson CIA 126; aba monocolon.

19:7

Ceresko CBQ 38:309.

19:13-20:5

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 96, ABCXCBA.

19:27-28

Assis CBN 279, ABCBA.

21 - 24

Bourke RB 66:5-31,191-212; ABCCBA; Elliger PJB 31:29-75, cited in di Marco LB 36:52; Gottwald EJ 14:796-797 (D).

22:1-51

Radday LB 9-10:30; “chiasm in structure” (∥Ps 18); in Gibboryahu, et al., Sefer Zer-Kabod 365; di Marco LB 36:53.

22:3-50

Radday LB 9-10:31; “chiasm in diction” (∥Ps 18); in Sefer Zer-Kabod 364 cf Dahood Psalms I:104.

22:14

McCarter I Samuel 75; cf. Schoors RSP I, I:17(f); ∥Ps 18:14.

22:21

Willis CBQ 35:153, n. 67; ∥Ps 18:21 (KJV 18:20).

22:39 ∥41

Dahood RSP I, II 348; defective inclusion, which is clearcut in Psalm 18:39 ∥41.

23:1-7

Lete VT 34:414-437; ABCDCBA.

23:7b

Dahood RSP III, Intro i; I Suppl. 18; bicolon; “flame.”

23:3

Watson, citing Mettinger SvExÅrs 41-42:151; abc:acb.

23:4

Mettinger SvExÅrs 41-42:152-153.

23:5b

König Stilistik 171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:55.

23:7b

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 78.

24:1 ∥10

Dahood RSP I, II Intro 6.1; inclusion.

Kings

I Ki 1 - II Ki 25

Radday CIA 62; ABCB’A’; “resembles a triptych with a centerpiece and two lateral panels”; centering on theophanies on Mts Carmel & Horeb; Alter & Kermode, eds., Literary Guide, 148, ABCDCBA; Christensen, Unity of the Bible 97, ABCXCBA.

I Ki 3 - II Ki 23

Radday BM 20-21:55-56; LB 31:53-65; CIA 66-67; incorporates Davidic King List centering on Joash, ABCDEFGHGEFDBCA; r = -0.930; di Marco LB 36:56.

I Ki 12 - II Ki 17

Radday CIA 62-64; history of Divided Kingdom, Ahab & Elijah at center (I Ki 17 - II Ki 2).

I Ki 17:1 - II Ki 2:18

Radday BM 20-21:52,56-57; LB 31:58-62; CIA 64-65; ABCDEFFECDBA; r = -0.943; with peak on Mts Carmel & Horeb.

I Kings

1 – 22

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 99, ABCXCBA.

1:2

Klaus Pivot Patterns; Assis CBN 288-89, ABCBA.

1:5-53

Fokkelman, RBN, 106-7, ABC1C2XC1C2BA.

1:24-35

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

2:31-34

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

3:1 - 11:43

Radday BM 20-21:53; LB 31:55-56; CIA 62-63; r = -0.762; ABCDEFGHFECGBDA; autonomous Solomon Cycle centering on Temple (6 - 8); cf. Porten HUCA 38:93-95,115,124-128, cited in di Marco LB 36:55-56.

3:22

Ceresko CBQ 38:307.

4:20 - 9:23

Porten HUCA 38:93-128; cf. Albright YGC 200-201.

4:20 - 5:5

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

8:1-66

Tita Biblische Notizen 84:87-102; ABCDCBA.

8:31ab

König Stilistik 145,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:57.

10:9

König Stilistik 145,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:57.

11:26 - 14:20

Cohn ZAW 97:23-35; ABBCDCBBA; Jeroboam Narrative; Walsh, “The Contexts of 1 Kings XIII,” Vetus Testamentum, 361-62, a1a2bcdcba1a2.

11:30-31

Weippert ZAW 95:344-375; ABCCBA, and ABCDCBADEE.

12 – 14

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 99, ABCXCBA.

13

Christensen SBL Seminar Papers 14:400-404; ABCCBA.

13:1-10

Walsh, “The Contexts of 1 Kings XIII,” Vetus Testamentum, 357, abc1c2c1c2ba.

13:1-32

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 99, ABCXCBA.

13:8-9

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

13:11b

König Stilistik 145,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:57.

13:16-17

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

13:22

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

14

Cohn CBQ 47:603-616; ABCXCBA.

16:22

Bullinger Figures of Speech; ABBA; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 36, abba.

17 - II Ki 2

R. Weiss BM 13:46-57.

17:2-7

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

17:17-23c

Scott, Raising the Dead, 282, ABCDEDCBA.

17:2-19:18

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 80, 101, ABCXCBA.

17:18-24

A. Schmitt VT 27:454-474; ABCCBA; Cohn JBL 101:333-350; ABCDEDECBA.

18

Christensen SBL Seminar Papers 14:400-404.

18:38

Andersen Sentence 128.

19

Christensen SBL Seminar Papers 14:400-404.

19:10

Beentjes Biblica 63/4:506-523; ABBA.

20:1-34

Long VT 35:405-416; ABCBA.

21:1-16

Walsh, “Methods and Meanings,” JBL, 195, ABCCBA.

22

Christensen SBL Seminar Papers 14:400-404; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 97, ABCXCBA.

22:10-28

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 97, ABCXCBA.

II Kings

1 – 25

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 104, ABCXCBA.

1

R. Cohn CBQ 47:603-616; ABCXCBA.

1 - 2

Lundbom JJS 24:39-50; Jeremiah 151, n. 1; Elijah’s Chariot Ride; ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

1:2-2:25

Lundbom JJS 24, 41, ABCDEFGFEDCBA..

4:1-7

Fokkelman, RBN, 15, ABCCBA.

5

R, Cohn VT 33:171-84, ABCXCBA.

5:8-15

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

5:18

Klaus Pivot Patterns; Cohn VT 33:179, ABCXCBA.

8

R. Cohn CBQ 47:603-616; ABCXCBA.

9:1-10

R. Smith; ABA.

9:1-10:36

Garcia-Treto, JSOT 46:47-65, ABCDBCDA.

14 – 25

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 108, ABCXCBA.

15:18-21

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

18:4-8

Arneth, ZABR, 178, ABCDEFGHIIHGFEDCBA.

18:7

Arneth, ZABR, 183, abccba.

18 - 23

Radday; ABA; cf. Isa 36 - 39 ∥II Ki 18 - 20, with poetry near center (19:21b-31).

17:34-41

Frevel Biblica 72:23-48; ABCDEDCBA.

19:15-19

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

20

R. Cohn CBQ 47:603-616; ABCXCBA.

22:3 - 23:25

Lundbom CBQ 38:300-301; ABCBA; cf. Lohfink Biblica 44:267-271; inclusio.

22:16a ∥20b

Lundbom CBQ 38:296, n. 18; inclusion.

23:4

Arneth Reform Josias 202, ABBA.

23:4-14

Washburn Trinity Journal 12:59-78.

23:6f

Arneth Reform Josias 195, ABCDDCBA.

23:8-13

Arneth Reform Josias 197, ABCBA and abcdefggffedcba.

23:12

Arneth Reform Josias 202, ABBA.

23:14

Arneth Reform Josias 203, ABBA.

23:15a

Arneth Reform Josias 203, ABBA.

23:15b

Arneth Reform Josias 204, ABCCBA.

23:25

Arneth, AZBR, 187, abccba.

Latter Prophets

Isa – Mal

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 107, ABCXCBA.

Isa 2:4 ∥Joel 4:10

R. Smith; cf. Micah 4:3.

Isa 19 - 22 ∥Jer 39 - 40

Weiss BM 13:46, n. 3, key phrases; ABCDDCBA.

Isaiah (MT versification)

1 - 66

Liebrich JQR 46:276-277; Eissfeldt Einleitung 408 = OTI 304; ABA; Brownlee MQS 247-256, with “dual structure”; Gileadi Isaiah Decoded, presents a “bifid” structure of the entire book, with seven parallel themes arranged chiastically in each half of the book, through a series of opposites (ruin & rebirth, rebellion & compliance, etc.); Gileadi, Literary Message, 15, ABCDCBA; Kim, Chiastic Structure of Isaiah 1-66, ABCDEFGHIXIHGFEDCBA.; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 111, ABCXCBA.

1 - 39 ∥40 - 66

Liebrich JQR 46:262,272; 47:114-138, ring structure, cited in Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1365; Isa 1 ∥65-66, and 39 ∥40 linked with “verbal clasps.”

1 - 39

Liebrich JQR 46:262,272; 47:114-138, inclusion cited in di Marco LB 36:78; Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1365.

1 - 5 ∥32 - 33

Brownlee MQS 247-248; restoration of Judah.

1:1-31

Brownlee MQS 247-248; ruin, restoration reversed; “envoy” or “overture” to Isaiah.

1:7

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

1:8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 47, ABBA.

1:9-10

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

1:11

Gitay Isaiah and His Audience ABBA.

1:13-14

Sanderson, Isaiah, 48, ABCDDCBA.

1:15

Sanderson, Isaiah, 49, ABBA.

1:15b-16

Sanderson, Isaiah, 49, ABCCBA.

1:17-23

Sanderson, Isaiah, 51, ABCDEEDCBA.

1:18-19

Carlston Discovering Chiasmus in the Writings of the Prophets 16, YZZY.

1:18bc

Montagnini Libro di Isaia 1-39 193, and Alonso-Schökel DBS VIII:58, cited in di Marco LB 36:78-79; Watson CIA 129; tetracolon; cf. Isa 40:4b.

1:20-28

Sanderson, Isaiah, 52-53, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

1:21-26

Lack Symbolique 164-171; Watson CIA 137,140; ABCDEDCBA; with turning point in v. 24a.

1:21-27

Hiebert, Isaiah 1:21-27, A1A2B1B2CB1B2A1A2.

2 - 14

Spencer AOT 53-55; ABCBA ∥II Ne 12 - 24; focus on Prophetic Call and Day of Atonement, citing Sweeney Isaiah 1 - 39, 140.

2:1-5

Radzik, Alles uber Josef, 2, 503, ABCXCBA.

2:1 - 4:6

Lund CNT 64-67; 2:2-6a ∥4:2-6, and 2:6b-4:1, cited in di Marco LB 36:78; Baldwin Haggai 77.

2:2-4

Lund CNT 64; cf. Micah 4:1-3; Isa 2:4 reversed in Joel 4:10. Kselman, SBL Semiar Papers, 1980, 5-6, ABBA

2:2

Kselman VT 25:225-227; ABBA.

2:3c

Lund CNT 64; cf. Micah 4:2c; R. Smith Dialogue VI/1:102-103. ∥II Ne 12:3d

2:3d

Sanderson, Isaiah, 59, ABBA.

2:3-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 61, ABCCBA; Ludlow Isaiah 37, abcdeedabc.

2:5-6

Lund CNT 64.

2:5-6a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 62, ABCCBA.

2:6b-22

Lund CNT 64-65; Good Irony in the OT 139, cited in di Marco LB 36:78; Watson CIA 145. ∥II Ne 12:6-22

2:6b-8

Lund CNT 64.

2:8-20

Sanderson, Isaiah, 65-66, ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA.

2:9-11

Sanderson, Isaiah, 63, ABCADDACBA.

2:9a-11a

R. Smith; cf. Isa 5:15.

2:10

Freedman in Gray Forms XIV, cited in di Marco LB 36:78.

2:10-19

Lund CNT 65; Galbiati Struttura 34, cited in di Marco LB 36:79. ∥II Ne 12:10-19

2:11a

R. Smith

2:11-12

Sanderson, Isaiah, 33, 64, ABCCBA.

2:11b-12a

R. Smith

2:19-21

Sanderson, Isaiah, 66-67, ABCCBA.

3:1 - 4:1

Lund CNT 66-67. ∥II Ne 13:1 - 14:1

3:1

Watson CIA 134; double structure; gender chiasmus.

3:1-8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 73, ABCDEFFEDCBA.,

3:4-6a

Lund CNT 66. ∥II Ne 13:4-5

3:8-9

Sanderson, Isaiah, 74, ABCCBA.

3:8a

Andersen Sentence 139; Watson CIA 124.

3:9-11

Sanderson, Isaiah, 75, ABCDCBA.

3:10-15a

Lund CNT 66. ∥II Ne 13:10-15a

3:12-15

Kosmala VT 14:437-438; ABCCBA; note 13a ∥14a. ∥II Ne 131:12-15 Sanderson, Isaiah, 76, ABCCBA.

3:15a

Kosmala VT 14:437-438.

3:15b-17

Lund CNT 67; König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84. ∥II Ne 13:16-17

3:16

Worgul GTJ 11:187-204, AB/CD//CD/AB.

4:3-6

Lund CNT 67. ∥II Ne 14:3-6

4:3-4

Lund CNT 67.

4:4a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

4:5-6

Lund CNT 67. Sanderson, Isaiah, 86, ABCCBA.

5:1-7

Lund CNT 76-77; di Marco LB 36:79; ABCDCBAC. ∥II Ne 15:1-7a Korpel, “Literary Genre of the Song of the Vineyard,” 119-55, ABCDEFGHIIHGFEDCBA.

5:1-2

Kosmala VT 16:167-168, cited in di Marco LB 36:79; 5-6-4-6-5 symmetry.

5:1

R. Smith

5:2-6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 90, ABCCBA.

5:2b

di Marco LB 36:79.

5:3-5

Kosmala VT 16:167-168, cited in di Marco LB 36:79; 8-7-6-7-8 symmetry.

5:7a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Lund CNT 77; Andersen Sentence 139. ∥II Ne 15:7a

5:7

Bullinger Figures; Watson CIA 128; ABBA tetracolon; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 27, abba.; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 101, abba.

5:8-25 ∥9:7 -10:4

Bartelt in A. Beck, ed., Fortunate the Eyes 157-158 n. 2; 168; double inclusio of 7 Woes (deliberately concluded at 10:1) around Isa 6:1 - 9:6 (Emmanuel Booklet), and Isa 6 - 8 (Denkschrift - Isaianic Memoirs); ABCDCBA.

5:8-30

Chisolm Bibliotheca Sacra 143/569:46-60; ABCCBA. ∥II Ne 15:8-30

5:11-13b

Chisolm Bibliotheca Sacra 143/569:46-60; ABBA. ∥II Ne 15:11-13

5:11

Watson

5:11-13

Sanderson, Isaiah, 92, ABCDDCBA.

5:12-19

Sanderson, Isaiah, 93-94, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

5:14-17

Chisolm Bibliotheca Sacra 143/569:46-60; ABBA.

5:17

R. Smith; ABCCBA.

5:18

R. Smith

5:19 ∥10:2b

Bartelt in A. Beck, ed., Fortunate the Eyes 169-170; reversal of orphan,widow ∥widows,orphans, with word-play on Maher Shalal Hash Baz (of 8:3) in 5:19a ∥10:2b.

5:20

Watson CIA 131 (series or list); hexacolon with three parallel pair reversals (∥II Ne 15:20); cf Amos 5:14-15 in Andersen & Freedman Amos 506 (good & evil ∥evil & good), cited in Bartelt in A. Beck, ed., Fortunate the Eyes 167-168, “triple chiasm” (three bicola): evil,good ∥good,evil; darkness,light ∥light,darkness; bitter,sweet ∥sweet,bitter. Gitay Isaiah and His Audience ABBA.

5:20a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84. ∥II Ne 15:20a

5:20b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84. ∥II Ne 15:20b

5:20c

R. Smith; Watson ∥II Ne 15:20c

5:21

Watson CIA 124.

5:22-24

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

5:24a

R. Smith

5:24c

R. Smith

5:25

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon. ∥II Ne 15:25

5:30b

cf. Dahood RSP I, II 447; ABA tricolon; Gitay Isaiah and His Audience ABBA.

6 - 8 ∥36 - 40

Brownlee MQS 248-249; ABBA; cf Cross JNES 12:275-276; Childs Isaiah 295-296 (Council of Yahweh).

6:4

R. Smith; ABCBAC.

6:7b

Watson CIA 124.

6:9-10

R. Smith; A2B2CABBBAAC; ∥Matt 13:14-15; Gitay Isaiah and His Audience ABBA.

6:10

Boys TS 1-3, abccba; Bullinger Figures; Fenton SE I:175 = TU 73:175; Weiss BM 13:48; Cadbury JR 23:63; Dahood IDB Suppl; Watson CIA 130-131; ABCCBA hexacolon in a nine-colon stanza; D. P. Wright ZAR 10:166, accepts this “as a veritable chiasmus,” and as intentional because “short and well defined.”; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 38, abccba; Zogbo and Wendland, HPB, 30, abccba; Sanderson, Isaiah, 103, ABCCBA; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 237, abccba.; Barker, Temple Mysticism, 6, ABCCBA.; Ludlow Isaiah 37 Abccba.

7:7-9

Kosmala VT 14:425, cited in Welch thesis 31-32. ∥II Ne 17:7-9

7:7-10a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 109, ABCDDCBA.

7:7b

Kosmala VT 14:443-444, cited in di Marco LB 36:79; ABCBA.

7:10-12

R. Smith ∥II Ne 17:10-12

7:14-17

Sanderson, Isaiah, 112, ABCCBA.

8:4-7

Sanderson, Isaiah, 119, ABCDCBA.

8:7-8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 120, ABCDDCBA.

8:f-10

Sanderson, Isaiah, 120, ABCCBA.

8:14-21

Sanderson, Isaiah, 123-24, ABCDEEDCBA.

8:16 ∥20a

R. Smith ∥II Ne 18:16 ∥20a

8:17

∥II Ne 18:17

8:22

Gitay Isaiah and His Audience ABBA.

8:23 - 9:1

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; KJV 9:1-2 (=Matt 4:15-16). ∥II Ne 19:1-2

9:1

R. Smith; = KJV 9:2.

9:1c-3

Sanderson, Isaiah, 128, ABCCBA.

9:2

Watson CIA 124; emended; = KJV 9:3.

9:4-6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 130, ABCDDCBA.

9:6

J. Smith New Treasury.

9:6d-7

Sanderson, Isaiah, 131, ABCDEEDCBA.

9:7 - 10:4

Bartelt in A. Beck, ed., Fortunate the Eyes 165-166; tripartite, chiastic arrangement.

9:7

J. Smith New Treasury, Gitay Isaiah and His Audience ABBA.

9:10

R. Smith; = KJV 9:11.

9:12-14

Sanderson, Isaiah, 133, ABCCBA.

9:17b

R. Smith; = KJV 9:18b.

9:19-21

Sanderson, Isaiah, 134-35, ABCCBA.

9:20a

Watson; Welch Chiasmus Biblio 160; ABBA; note ellipse in LXX and Qisa; = KJV 9:21a. ∥II Ne 19:21a. Gitay Isaiah and His Audience ABBA.

9:21c-10:4

Sanderson, Isaiah, 139, ABCDDCBA.

10:1-4 ∥24:10-23

Milgrom Leviticus 17-22 1366-1367; defilement ∥blasphemy.

10:4-7

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84. ∥II Ne 10:4-7

10:4a

Watson; merism.

10:5

R. Smith; ABCBAC.

10:13b

R. Smith; ABCCAABC.

10:14b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

10:16-18

Sanderson, Isaiah, 141-42, ABCDDCBA.

10:20-21

R. Smith ∥II Ne 20:20-21

10:24b

R. Smith ∥II Ne 20:24b

10:24b-27

Sanderson, Isaiah, 144, ABCDDCBA.

10:29

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

10:31

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

10:34

R. Smith

11:1

Watson CIA 125; abcbca; Sanderson, Isaiah, 148, ABBA.

11:3-4

Gitay Isaiah and His Audience ABBA.

11:3-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 150, ABCDEEDCBA.

11:4

Gray Forms 69; ABCDCDAB; Bullinger Figures; ABBA; di Marco LB 36:79; double structure; Watson CIA 133; with gender-matched synonyms. ∥II Ne 21:4b; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalma, 27, abba.

11:4c

Sanderson, Isaiah, 150, ABBA.

11:6a

Gray Forms 67; di Marco LB 36:79.

11:6-7

Sanderson, Isaiah, 151, ABCDEDCBA.

11:6-13

Sanderson, Isaiah, 155, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

11:6b

Watson

11:7a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

11:8

Watson; ABCCBA. Sanderson, Isaiah, 152, ABBA.

11:13

Watson; Sanderson, Isaiah, 156, ABCCBA.

11:13b

Gottwald IDB III:829-838; Packer, Tenney, & White Bible Almanac 364; Parker, Tenney & White Nelson’s Illustrated; ABBA.

12:1

Sanderson, Isaiah, 161, ABBA.

12:2

∥II Ne 22:2 Sanderson, Isaiah, 162, ABCCBA.

12:3

Sanderson, Isaiah, 163, ABBA.

12:4-6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 163, ABCDDCBA.

13:2-3

Sandersonb, Isaiah, 166, ABCCBA.

13:5a

R. Smith

13:7-8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 167, ABCCBA.

13:9-13

Sanderson, Isaiah, 169, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

13:10b

R. Smith; ABCBA.

13:13a

R. Smith

13:14

Sanderson, Isaiah, 169, ABBA.

13:16

Watson; ABCBAAB; merism.

13:16-18

Sanderson, Isaiah, 170, ABCDEEDCBA.

13:20b

R. Smith

13:21b

Watson CIA 125; abccab.

13:22b

R. Smith

14:1b-2

Sanderson, Isaiah, 173-74, ABCDDCBA.

14:3-21

Alonso-Schökel DBS VIII:89, cited in di Marco LB 36:79; Kosmala VT 14:445, cited in di Marco LB 36:80; ABCDCBA. ∥II Ne 24:3-21

14:3-4

Kosmala VT 16:170-172, cited in di Marco LB 36:80; 5-6-6-5 symmetry.

14:4b-23

O’Connell VT 38:407-418; ABCDEFGXXGFEDCBA.

14:8

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

14:8-10

Sanderson, Isaiah, 175, ABCDEEDCBA.

14:9-19

Messer "Why Chiasmus 1"; ABCCBA; Messer, Why Chiasmus in the Book of Mormon Essay One, 4, abcdefggfedcba.

14:9-18

R. Smith; cf. Kosmala VT 14:445. ∥II Ne 24:9-18

14:10-12

Kosmala VT 16:170-172, cited in di Marco LB 36:80; 4-6-5-6-5-6-4 symmetry. ∥II Ne 24:10-12

14:10b

R. Smith

14:11-12

Sanderson, Isaiah, 176, ABCCBA.

14:12

Sanderson, Isaiah, 176, ABBA.

14:13-14

R. Smith ∥II Ne 24:13-14 Sanderson, Isaiah, 177, ABCCBA.

14:13e-15

Sanderson, Isaiah, 178, ABCCBA.

14:15

Dahood Biblica 54:358; Ceresko CBQ 38:305.

14:17-20

Sanderson, Isaiah, 179, ABCDDCBA.

14:19

Watson CIA 130; ABBA in pentacolon; cf Dahood MUSJ 48:53.

14:20-21

Kosmala VT 16:170-172, cited in di Marco LB 36:80; 4-4-5-5-4-4 symmetry.

14:21-22

Sanderson, Isaiah, 180, ABCDDCBA.

14:25a

Ceresko CBQ 38:305, citing Dahood Biblica 54:358.

14:29-31

Sanderson, Isaiah, 182, ABCCBA.

14:30

Watson CIA 124,129; twin chiastic bicola = tetracolon.

15 - 16

Condamin Poèmes 36-37; cf. Condamin Livre d’Isaie 232-239, inclusion, cited in di Marco LB 36:80; ∥Jer 48:1-37.

15:6b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

16:3b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

16:6-12

Galbiati Struttura 33-34, cited in di Marco LB 36:80; Watson CIA 145.

16:7-9

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

16:11

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

17:1-14

Lund CNT 79-80; di Marco LB 36:80.

17:10

Watson

17:12-14

Sanderson, Isaiah, 195, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

17:22b-23a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

18:1-2

Sanderson, Isaiah, 198, ABCCBA.

18:2

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

18:3

Sanderson, Isaiah, 199, ABCBA.

18:6b

Watson CIA 129; tetracolon.

18:7

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

18:20-25

Goldingay JSOT 67:43-65; (A)BCDEDCB.

18:23

Goldingay JSOT 67:43-65; ABBA.

19:1b-3

Sanderson, Isaiah, 205, ABCDDCBA.

19:3-4

Sanderson, Isaiah, 206, ABCCBA.

19:14-16

Sanderson, Isaiah, 208-9, ABCDEEDCBA.

19:16-25

Vogels Biblica 57:494-514; ABCCBA.

20

Bliese “Relationships”; ABCDEFEDCBA.

20:4-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 214, ABCDDCBA.

21:2

Sanderson, Isaiah, 217, ABCCBA.

21:3-4

Sanderson, Isaiah, 218, ABCDDCBA.

21:6-8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 219, ABCDDCBA.

21:9

Sanderson, Isaiah, 219-20, ABCCBA.

22:22b

Ceresko CBQ 40:9, cited by Watson CIA 124;abccba; mirror chiasmus.

22:22-23

Sanderson, Isaiah, 226, ABCDDCBA.

22:24

Sanderson, Isaiah, 227, ABCCBA.

22:25

Sanderson, Isaiah, 227, ABCCBA.

23:4

Watson CIA 136; chiastic gather-line; cf Dahood RSP I:80-81; Thiering JSS 13:191; and Holladay JBL 85:424-425.

23:13-14

Sanderson, Isaiah, 231, ABCCBA.

23:15-17

Sanderson, Isaiah, 232, ABCDDCBA.

23:32

? Watson CIA 136; chiastic gather-line; cf Dahood RSP I:80-81; Thiering JSS 13:191; and Holladay JBL 85:424-425.

24 – 53

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 111, ABCXCBA.

24:1a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

24:4-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 236-37, ABCDDCBA.

24:8-11

Sanderson, Isaiah, 237-38, ABCDDCBA

24:11

Dahood RSP III, I 309; same parallel in UT 51 II:28-29, and 67 II:20-21 (CTA 4 & 5).

24:12

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

24:16-17

Sanderson, Isaiah, 239, ABCDDCBA.

24:17-23

Suter dissertation 67-72,156; ABA; cf. I Enoch 6 - 11, 54:1 - 56:4, 64:1 - 68:1.

24:18b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

24:19-20

Sanderson, Isaiah, 240, ABCDDCBA.

25:4

Sanderson, Isaiah, 244, ABCCBA.

25:4b-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 245, ABCDDCBAABCCBA.

25:5-10

Sanderson, Isaiah, 249, ABCDDCBA.

25:6-7

Sanderson, Isaiah, 246, ABCCBA.

25:7a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

25:7-8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 247, ABCCBA.

25:8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 247, ABCBA and ABCCBA.

25:10-11

Sanderson, Isaiah, 250, ABCDEEDCBA and ABCCBA.

26:1-13(15)

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Popper SBP I:465,468.

26:2

Sanderson, Isaiah, 253, ABBA.

26:3-11

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; cf. 26:1-13(15).

26:8-9

Sanderson, Isaiah, 255, ABCDEEDCBA.

26:9-10

Irvin CBQ 41:240-261; ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

26:9c-10

Sanderson, Isaiah, 255, ABCCBA.

26:19a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

27:2-6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 261, ABCDEEDCBA.

27:5-6

Popper SBP I:465,468.

27:5

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Watson CIA 125.

27:11b

Watson CIA 125; abc:cab; negation.

27:12-13

Jebb Sacred Literature 54-55, ABCCBA ABCCBA, and Horne ICSKHS2 II:456-457, cited in Welch thesis 110, n. 31. Sanderson, Isaiah, 263, ABCCBA; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 69, ABCCBA ABCCBA.

28:1-18

Lund CNT 79-85, cited in di Marco LB 36:80; abcdcba.

28:1

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 5; abcdeebcda.

28:1-4

Sanderson, Isaiah, 266, ABCDEEDCBA.

28:2

Porritt and Allan, Greater Things, May 6, 1992, 17, abba.

28:2-3

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 9; ABCCA.

28:4

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 32-33; link cited by Watson.

28:4-6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 267, ABCCBA.

28:5

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 12; syllabic 4:7:5:7:4; Porritt and Allan, Greater Things, May 6, 1992, 17, abba.

28:7-22

Jackson in Jackson & Kessler, eds., Rhetorical Crit. 90-93; ABCDEFGHHGFEDCBA.

28:7

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 17; verb pairs; abba; Porritt and Allan, Greater Things, May 6, 1992, 18, abcddcba; Sanderson, Isaiah, 268, ABCCBA.

28:9-13

Bailey, Paul through Mediterranean Eyes, 401, ABCCBA.

28:10-13

Sanderson, Isaiah, 270, ABCDEEDCBA.

28:11

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 23; adj-noun ∥noun-adj.

28:12

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 23-25 (assonant; abccba), cited in Watson CIA 130; pentacolon; ABCBA.

28:14-16

Sanderson, Isaiah, 272, ABCDDCBA.

28:14-18

Bailey Paul through Mediterranean Eyes 38, ABCDCBA.

28:14-20

Bailey in de Regt, de Waard & Fokkelman, eds., Literary Structure; ABCDCBA.

28:15-18

Lund CNT 45; AJSL 46:104-126; Irwin Isaiah 28-33 26-32; ABCDCAB; Watson CIA 137,140-141; ABCCBA; Baugh WTJ 47:227-244; Ehat, “Chiasmus: Ancient Literary Formula,” 5. ABCCBA.; Bailey Paul through Mediterranean Eyes 38, abcba.

28:15b-18b

Tensmeyer A Brief Story, 31, abcdcba.

28:15

Lund CNT 45; double structure; Watson CIA 133,140; with gender-matched synonyms; Allan, Greater Things, May 6, 1992, 20, aabbaa.

28:15-18

Sanderson, Isaiah, 273-74, ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA.

28:15d-18

Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 149, ABCDCBA.

28:16

Ceresko CBQ 38:305.

28:18

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 32; abccba; Watson CIA 133,141; with gender-matched synonyms.

28:18-22

Sanderson, Isaiah, 275, ABCDDCBA.

28:23-29

Sanderson, Isaiah, 277, ABCDDCA

28:24

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 38; abccba.

28:25

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 39; v-o ∥o-v.

28:27

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 41; abcca; Porritt and Allan, Greater Things, June 13, 1992, 14, abccba.

28:28

Porritt and Allan, Greater Things, June 13, 1992, 14, abccba.

28:28b

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 43: abba.

29:1

Porritt and Allan, Greater Things, May 6, 1992, 17, abba.

29:2-7

Sanderson, Isaiah, 282, ABCDEEDCBA.

29:1-4

Dahood MUSJ 48:54, cited in Watson CIA 145; ten-line stanza with inclusio.

29:4

Watson CIA 134; double structure; gender chiasmus.

29:6-10a

Welch thesis 167; BYU Studies 10:80. ∥II Ne 27:1c-5a

29:7-8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 283, ABBA.

29:8a

Welch thesis 167.

29:8b

Welch thesis 167.

29:10

Porritt and Allan, Greater Things, May 6, 1992, 18, abccba.

29:10-14

Sanderson, Isaiah, 289, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

29:10b

Welch thesis 167; Irwin Isaiah 28-33 57; v-o ∥o-v. ∥II Ne 27:5

29:11bc

Porritt and Allan, Greater Things, May 6, 1992, 19, abba.. 29:13 Irwin Isaiah 28-33 58; abccaca; Porritt and Allan, Greater Things, May 6, 1992, 19, abba.

29:14b

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 59; abba; Watson CIA 125; abcbca.

29:17

Ceresko CBQ 38:307; abccba; Irwin Isaiah 28-33 63; abba; Watson CIA 124.

29:17-18

Sanderson, Isaiah, 291, ABCCBA.

29:17-20

Sanderson, Isaiah, ABCCBA.

29:17b

Sanderson, Isaiah, 291, ABCCBA.

29:18

R. Smith

29:19

R. Smith

29:21

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 170; abcbcaacb. ∥II Ne 27:32

29:22-23

Sanderson, Isaiah, 293, ABCDDCBA.

29:22b

R. Smith

29:23b

R. Smith

29:24

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 67; v-o ∥o-v; abcbac.

30:2

Watson

30:4

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 74; abccba.

30:6

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 76; abccba.

30:8a

Watson Biblica 56:275-276.

30:9-11

Sanderson, Isaiah, 299, ABCCBA.

30:13-14

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 84; assonant.

30:14

Watson; merism.

30:15

de Vaux Rb 74:120-1211, cited in di Marco LB 36:80; abba.

30:17-19

Sanderson, Isaiah, 301, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

30:18

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 88.

30:20-23

Sanderson, Isaiah, 302, ABCDDCBA.

30:22

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 92; abba.

30:24

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 95; syllabic 10:7:7:10.

30:25-26

Sanderson, Isaiah, 303, ABCCBA.

30:26

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Irwin Isaiah 28-33 96; rhyme.

30:27

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 97; participle.

30:28

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 100; abccb.

30:29-30a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 305, ABBA.

30:29-31

Kosmala VT 14:444, cited in Welch thesis 33-34; ABCDCBA; di Marco LB 36:81.

30:30

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 102; abccb.

30:31-32

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 103; YHWH-club ∥rod-YHWH. Sanderson, Isaiah, 305, ABCCBA.

30:31

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

31:1

Sanderson, Isaiah, 309, ABCDEEDCBA.

31:1a

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 109; abba.

31:1b

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 109; abba.

31:2

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 111; abba.

31:2-4a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 310, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

31:4c-5a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 311, ABBA.

4d-9

Sanderson, Isaiah, 312, ABCDEEDCBA.

31:8

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 116; verbs.

31:9

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 117; abccba.

32:1

Watson Biblica 59:133.

32:3

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 121; abba; Watson CIA 125; abcbca..

32:6

Ceresko CBQ 38:303-31; Watson CIA 124.

32:6c

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Ceresko CBQ 38:306, ABBA; MT superior to Qis; Irwin Isaiah 28-33 125; abba; Watson CIA 125; abcbca.

32:8-12

Sanderson, Isaiah, 315, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

32:12

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 129; parallel cola.

32:15-16

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Irwin Isaiah 28-33 132:abccba.

32:16-17

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 132; assonant.

33:4

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 141; comparative phrases; abcdcdab; Watson CIA 125.

33:6

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 143; abba.

33:7-8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 321, ABCCBA.

33:17

Watson; Irwin Isaiah 28-33 153; abba; Sanderson, Isaiah, 323, ABBA.

33:17-20b

Sanderson, Isaiah, 324, ABCDEEDCBA.

33:18

Dahood RSP I, II:402; cf. Ps 56:9; ABA.

33:21

Irwin Isaiah 28-33 159; asyndetic relative clauses.

33:21-22

Sanderson, Isaiah, 325, ABCCBA.

34

Cf. Muilenburg JBL 59:339-365.

34 – 40

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 111, ABCXCBA.

34:1-6

Gileadi, Literary Message, 48, abcdedcba.

34:2-4a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 331, ABCCBA.

34:4-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 332, ABCCBA.

34:5-7

Weiss BM 13:48.

34:5-8

Hiebert, "Isaiah 34:5-8," ABCDCBA; Sanderson, Isaiah, 333, ABCDEEDCBA

34:10

Muilenburg JBL 59:359, cited in di Marco LB 36:81.

34:12-13

Sanderson, Isaiah, 334, ABCCBA.

34:15-17

Sanderson, Isaiah, 335, ABCDEEDECBA.

35 ∥60 - 66

Brownlee MQS 248-249; Paradise Regained.

35:1

Kselman, SBL Seminar Papers, 1980, 7-8, ABCCBA.

35:1-2

Ceresko CBQ 38:305.

35:2-4a

Kselman, SBL Seminar Papers, 1980, 8, ABCCBA.

35:3

Freedman, cited in Buchanan Hebrews 214-215; cf. Prov 4:26 (LXX secondary in ea case), Hebrews 12:12-13.

35:6-7

Sanderson, Isaiah, 343, ABCCBA.

35:9-10

Sanderson, Isaiah, 344, ABCDDCBA.

36 - 39

∥II Kings 18 - 20, which see.

36:4b-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 349, ABCCBA.

36:5b-6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 350, ABCBA.

36:6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 350, ABCCBA.

36:7-9

Sanderson, Isaiah, 351, ABCDDCBA.

36:19-20

Sanderson, Isaiah, 353, ABCCBA.

37:1-3

Sanderson, Isaiah, 356, ABCDCBA.

37:4

Sanderson, Isaiah, 357, ABCCBA.

37:4b-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 357, ABCDEEDCBA., 357-58, ABCCBA.

37:10

Sanderson, Isaiah, 359, ABCDDCBA.

37:16-20

Sanderson, Isaiah, 360, ABCDEEDCBA.

37:21b-23

Sanderson, Isaiah, 361, ABCDEFGHHGFEDCBA.

37:23-24a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 362, ABCDDCBA.

37:26-29

Sanderson, Isaiah, 363, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

37:33-34

Watson CIA 136; chiastic inclusio.

38:10-20

Sanderson, Isaiah, 371-72, ABCDEFGHHGFEDCBA.

39 - 40

Liebrich JQR 46:262,272; 47:114-138, and Muilenburg JBL 59:352, cited as inclusion in di Marco LB 36:78,81.

39:3d-6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 376, ABCDDCBA.

40 - 52

Merendino Corso esegetico 132, redactive inclusion, cited in di Marco LB 36:81.

40 – 55

Kim, Chiastic Structure of Isaiah 40-55, ABCDEFGHHGFEDCBA.

40:1 - 41:29

Galbiati Struttura 30-31, cited in di Marco LB 36:81.

40:1-11 ∥55

McKenzie Second Isaiah XX; inclusio.

40:1-11

Merendino Corso esegetico 131, cited in di Marco LB 36:81; Freedman in Conrad & Ewing, eds., Perspectives = Huddlestun, ed., Divine Commitment 235-236.

40:1-3

Bullinger Witness 128; abcddcba.

40:3,10 ∥62:10-11

Condamin Poèmes 46, cited in di Marco LB 36:81; inclusion.

40:3 - 42:17

Laato JBL 109:207-228; ABCDEFEDCBA.

40:3-5

Kosmala VT 14:444, cited in Welch thesis 32-33; ABCCBA; di Marco LB 36:81; cf 48:20-22.

40:3-6a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 383, ABCCCDEEEEDCBA.

40:3

Sacon in Jackson & Kessler, eds., Rhetorical Crit. 108; cf I Ne 10:8; Zogbo and Wendland, HPB, 157, abba.

40:4

Sacon in Jackson & Kessler, eds., Rhetorical Crit. 108; abba; Alonso-Schökel DBS VIII:58, cited in di Marco LB 36:81-82; Watson CIA 132; cf. Isa 1:18.

40:5-7

Sanderson, Isaiah, 384, ABCCBA.

40:6b-8

Freedman in Conrad & Ewing, eds., Perspectives = Huddlestun, ed., Divine Commitment 246-247,256; three bicola with envelope and chiastic structure.

40:9a

Sacon in Jackson & Kessler, eds., Rhetorical Crit. 110.

40:9b

Sacon in Jackson & Kessler, eds., Rhetorical Crit. 110.

40:11a

Sacon in Jackson & Kessler, eds., Rhetorical Crit. 110.

40:12a

Gray Forms 68 (abccba), and König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:82,84; Watson CIA 124.

40:18 - 46:8

Matheus VT 37:312-326; ABCDCBA.

40:21-28

Sanderson, Isaiah, 388-89, ABCCBA.

40:26b

Gray Forms 68 (abccba), cited in di Marco LB 36:82; merism; Watson CIA 124.

40:27b

Gray Forms 68 (abccba), cited in di Marco LB 36:82; Watson CIA 124.

40:28-31

Johnson This People 16/Spring:48-53; ABCDEEDCBA.

41:1-20

Walsh VT 43:351-371; ABC1C2C3DC2C3C1BA, and ABCDCBA.

41:1-4b

Walsh VT 43:351-371; ABCBA.

41:1

Brownlee MQS; ABBA.

41:1-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 396-97, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

41:2-46:13

Gileadi, Literary Message, 136, abcdefghijklmnoonmlkjihgfedcba.

41:9

Andersen Sentence 139.

41:8-16

Walsh VT 43:351-371; ABCDBCA; Sanderson, Isaiah, 399-400, ABCDEFGHHGFEDCBA.

41:13-14

Sanderson, Isaiah, 398-99, ABCCBA.

41:17b-20

Sanderson, Isaiah, 401, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

42:1-49:6b

Breck, SBL, 258, ABCDEEDCBA.

42:1-9

Galbiati Struttura 30-31, cited in di Marco LB 36:82; Bailey in de Regt, de Waard & Fokkelman, eds., Literary Structure; ABCBA..

42:1-4

Breck SBL

42:1b-4

Bliese, Structural Prominence, 10-11, ABCCBA, ABCACBA.

42:2-4

Watson CIA 130; ABCBA pentacolon.

42:3-4

Weiss BM 13:47; Holladay JBL 85:434, n. 43, cited in di Marco LB 36:82,88.

42:4b

Watson CIA 124,133; with gender-matched synonyms.

42:5-6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 408, ABCCBA.

42:5-7

Bliese, Structural Prominence, 19, ABCBA.

42:6-8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 409, ABBA.

42:10-12

Sanderson, Isaiah, 410, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

42:11

Bliese, Structural Prominence, 20, ABBA.

42:12

Gray Forms 78; abccda.

42:15a

Watson CIA 124.

42:15b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

42:16

Sanderson, Isaiah, 411, ABCDEEDCBA.

42:18-21 JST

Sanderson, Isaiah, 412-13, ABCDEEDCBA.

42:18-25

Goldingay JSOT 67:43-65; ABCCBA.

42:18-19a

Weiss BM 13:47; Holladay JBL 85:434, n. 43, cited in di Marco LB 36:82,88.

42:22a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

42:24a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

43:1

Sanderson, Isaiah, 420, ABCCBA.

43:2-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 421, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

43:5-7

Sanderson, Isaiah, 422-23, ABCCBA.

43:9a

Dahood Biblica 52:342 (bicolon).

43:10-12

Sanderson, Isaiah, 424, ABCDEEDCBA.

43:14-16

Sanderson, Isaiah, 425, ABCDEEDCBA.

43:15a

Watson CIA 125; abccab.

43:18

Watson; Sanderson, Isaiah, 425, ABBA.

43:19-20

Watson CIA 131; ABA of three bicola..

43:19-21

Sanderson, Isaiah, 426-27.

43:19b-20

Weiss BM 13:47.

44:1-5

Bailey, Paul through Mediterranean Eyes, 44, 245, ABCBA.

44:6 - 46:13

Condamin Poèmes 37, cited in di Marco LB 36:82; first and last strophes.

44:11

Dahood RSP I, II:139.

44:15-16

Sanderson, Isaiah, 434, ABCDEEDCBA.

44:18-20

Bailey, Paul through Mediterranean Eyes, 137, ABCCCBA.

44:21 - 45:13

Laato JBL 109:207-228; ABCCBA.

44:21

Watson CIA 129; cf Dahood MUSJ 48:460.

44:26b-28

Sanderson, Isaiah, 436, ABCDDCBA.

45:1ab

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Ceresko CBQ 38:305; Watson CIA 126.

45:1-3

Sanderson, Isaiah, 440, ABCDEEDCBA.

45:3b-4

Sanderson, Isaiah, 441, ABCCA.

45:1-7

Bliese, Structural Prominence, 24, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

45:5-7

Porten & Rapport VT 21:363-369; ABCB.

45:7-8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 442, ABCDDCBA.

45:8-12

Bliese, Structural Prominence, 26, ABCDCBA.

45:9-13

Naidoff VT 31:180-185; ABBA.

45:9-11

Holladay JBL 85:434, n. 43, cited in di Marco LB 36:82,88; Naidoff Two-Fold Structure 183, ABBA.

45:11-13

Bliese, Structural Prominence, 26, ABCCBA.

45:12-14

Sanderson, Isaiah, 443-44, ABCDDCBA.

45:14-17

Bliese, Structural Prominence, 27-28, ABCDCBA.

45:15-18a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 445, ABCDCBA.

45:19-25

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 29, abcdedcba.

45:20-24

Bliese, Structural Prominence, 30, ABCDEDCBA.

45:21-23

Bliese, Structural Prominence, 30, ABCCBA.

45:22-25

Bailey in de Regt, de Waard & Fokkelman, eds., Literary Structure; ABCCBA; Sanderson, Isaiah, 446-47, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

46:1-2

Weiss BM 13:48; Holladay JBL 85:434, n. 43, cited in di Marco LB 36:82,88; Sanderson, Isaiah, 450, ABCDCBA.

46:4

Ceresko CBQ 38:305; Sanderson, Isaiah, 450, ABCCBA.

46:5-9

Sanderson, Isaiah, 451, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

47:1-5

Franzmann ABR 43:1-19; ABA; Sanderson, Isaiah, 457, ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

47:8a-10

Franzmann ABR 43:1-19; ABA.

47:8-9

Weiss BM 13:48; Holladay JBL 85:434, n. 43, cited in di Marco LB 36:82,88.

47:9 ∥12

Weiss BM 13:48; Holladay JBL 85:434, n. 43, cited in di Marco LB 36:82,88.

47:9c-12

Sanderson, Isaiah, 458-59, ABCDEEDCBA.

47:11c-13

Sanderson, Isaiah, 459, ABCDEEDCBA.

47:14

Sanderson, Isaiah, 460, ABCBA.

47:21

? Holladay JBL 85:434, n. 43, cited in di Marco LB 36:82.

47:48

? Holladay JBL 85:434, n. 43, cited in di Marco LB 36:82.

48:1c

Watson CIA 125; abcbca.

48:3-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 464-65, ABCDDCBA.

48:3a ∥5a

Franke Isaiah 46, 47, and 48; ABBA.

48:4b

R. Smith

48:5-7

R. Smith

48:5a

R. Smith

48:6a

R. Smith

48:12a

R. Smith

48:15-16

Sanderson, Isaiah, 468, ABCDDCBA.

48:18-19

Watson CIA 125,129; abccb; tetracolon. ∥I Ne 20:18-19 Sanderson, Isaiah, 469, ABCCBA.

48:18

R. Smith

48:19a

R. Smith

48:20

Sanderson, Isaiah, 469, ABCCBA.

48:20 - 52:12

Laato JBL 109:207-228; ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

48:21-22

Sanderson, Isaiah, 470, ABCCBA.

48:21b

di Marco LB 36:88. ∥I Ne 20:21b

49:1 - 51:16

Condamin Poèmes 37, and Galbiati Struttura 30-31, cited in di Marco LB 36:82; inclusion.

49:1-6

Breck SBL, Structural Prominence, 12, ABCDEDCBA; Sanderson, Isaiah, 476, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

49:1

Sanderson, Isaiah, 474, ABCCA.

49:1-2

Kosmala VT 16:160-161, cited in di Marco LB 36:82; 5-7-7-5 symmetry.

49:1c

∥I Ne 21:1c

49:2a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, and Penna, Isaia, cited in di Marco LB 36:82,84; first ∥third stichs.

49:4a

R. Smith

49:5a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

49:5b ∥6b

R. Smith

49:5b

R. Smith

49:5c

R. Smith

49:6-7a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 477, ABCCBA.

49:6a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

49:6b

R. Smith

49:7b

R. Smith

49:8-9

Sanderson, Isaiah, 478, ABCDDCBA.

49:9-12

Sanderson, Isaiah, 479, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

49:11

R. Smith ∥I Ne 21:11

49:13

Sanderson, Isaiah, 480, ABCCBA.

49:13a

R. Smith; v-n-v-n-v-n-v, a sequence broken in I Ne 21:13.

49:13b

Watson CIA 126; abcca.

49:14

Watson

49:14-17

Sanderson, Isaiah, 482, ABCDDCBA.

49:16

R. Smith

49:17

Galbiati Struttura 30-31, cited in di Marco LB 36:82.

49:18-21

Sanderson, Isaiah, 483, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

49:18b

Watson CIA 125.

49:19b-20b

R. Smith

49:22-23

Sanderson, Isaiah, 484, ABCDEEDCBA.

49:22a

Watson CIA 125.

49:22b

R. Smith ∥II Ne 6:6b

49:23-25

Holladay JBL 85:434, n. 43, cited in di Marco LB 36:82,88.

49:23b

R. Smith

49:24-25a

Weiss BM 13:48; Watson CIA 127-129; ABBA tetracolon (prey captive captive prey). ∥I Ne 21:24-25a ∥II Ne 6:16-17a

49:24

R. Smith

49:25-26

Sanderson, Isaiah, 485-86, ABCDDCBA.

49:26b

R. Smith

50:1

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 31, abba.

50:1ab

Bullinger Figures; ABBA; Weiss BM 13:48.

50:1b

∥II Ne 7:1a Sanderson, Isaiah, 490, ABBA.

50:2c

R. Smith

50:3

R. Smith ∥II Ne 7:3

50:4-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 492, ABCCBA.

50:4-11

Breck SBL 260-61 ∥II Ne 7:4-11

50:4

R. Smith

50:4b

McKenzie Second Isaiah.

50:5b-6

R. Smith

50:5-11

Bailey, Paul through Mediterranean Eyes, 90, ABCBA.

50:7-9

Bliese, Structural Prominence, 14, ABBA; Sanderson, Isaiah, 493, ABCCBA.

50:10

Sanderson, Isaiah, 494, ABCCBA.

51:1-2

Sanderson, Isaiah, 498, ABCBA.

51:1-3

Bailey, Paul through Mediterranean Eyes, 212, ABBBA.

51:1-11

Holmgren VT 19:196-201 (ABCDDCBA), cited in Radday LB 31:52, n. 1; di Marco LB 36:83; Watson CIA 145. ∥II Ne 8:1-11

51:3

Bailey, Paul through Mediterranean Eyes, 212, ABA.

51:3b

Watson CIA 126-127; ABA tricolon. ∥II Ne 8:3

51:4-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 499, ABCDDCBA.

51:4-8

Kosmala VT 16:167, cited in di Marco LB 36:82; 6-7-5-7-6:6-6-6/7-5-7-6 symmetry. ∥II Ne 8:4-8

51:4a

Watson CIA 124.

51:4b-5a ∥6c-7a

R. Smith

51:5a(4c) ∥7a

R. Smith

51:5a

R. Smith; cf. LXX.

51:6

Holladay JBL 85:434, n. 43, cited in di Marco LB 36:83,88.

51:6-7

Sanderson, Isaiah, 500, ABCCBA.

51:6b-8

R. Smith; 6b ∥8a, s-pr-v:pr-v-s; 6c ∥8b, salv-just:just-salv; 4b-7b, law-just-just-salv:salv-just-just-law. Sanderson, Isaiah, 500-1, ABCCBA.

51:7

Watson; abccab. Sanderson, Isaiah, 514, ABCDCBA.

51:7c

Sanderson, Isaiah, 500, ABBA.

51:8-9

Bullinger Figures; ABBA.

51:8

Holladay JBL 85:434, n. 43, cited in di Marco LB 36:83,88.

51:9-11

Sanderson, Isaiah, 502, ABCDDCBA.

51:10-11a

R. Smith; anadiploid chain.

51:11b

Watson CIA; CBQ 46:31-33; semantic-sonant; KJV reverses the MT chiasm. ∥II Ne 8:11b

51:15

∥II Ne 8:15

51:16a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

51:17-23

Sanderson, Isaiah, 506, ABCDEEDCBA.

51:17b ∥22b

Weiss BM 13:48.

51:17bc

Weiss BM 13:48; Dahood Biblica 52:341-342; tetracolon.

51:19

∥II Ne 8:19

51:22b

R. Smith ∥II Ne 8:22b

52:1b-2

Sanderson, Isaiah, 511, ABCCBA.

52:6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 512, ABBA.

52:8-11a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 516, ABCDDCBA.

52:10

R. Smith; ∥Isa 47:6, Gileadi Apocalyptic 181. ∥Mosiah 12:24, III Ne 16:20, 20:35

52:11-12

Sanderson, Isaiah, 517, ABCDCBA.

52:13 - 53:12

Breck SBL 262, ABCBA; Rupert BZ 40:1-17; ABabcbaA; Bergey JETS 40:177-188; ABBBBA; Bliese, Structural Prominence, 16-17, ABCDEFGHIJIHGFEDCBA.

52:13 ∥53:11

Tournay RB 75:590, cited in di Marco LB 36:83; inclusion; ∥Isa 47:10,22, Gileadi Apocalyptic 182-183.

52:13-15

Bergey JETS 40:177-188; ABCCBA. ∥III Ne 20:43-45

52:14-15a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 519-20, ABBA.

52:14-15

Bergey JETS 40:177-188; ABCBA.

52:14a ∥15a

R. Smith; ∥Isa 47:11-12, Gileadi Apocalyptic 182.

52:14

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; ∥47:11, Gileadi Apocalyptic 182.

52:15 ∥53:1

Virgulin in Bellerini Introduzione II/2, 173, cited in di Marco LB 36:83; chiastic inclusion; ∥Isa 47:12-13, Gileadi Apocalyptic 182.

53:1-6

Bergey JETS 40:177-188; ABCCBA. ∥Mosiah 14:1-6

53:1

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; ∥Isa 47:13, Gileadi Apocalyptic 182.

53:3

Galbiati Struttura 30-31, and Virgulin in Bellerini Introduzione II/2, 170, n. 1, cited in di Marco LB 36:83; ∥Isa 47:14, Gileadi Apocalyptic 182; Bergey JETS 40:177-188; ABBA.

53:3-4

Bailey in de Regt, de Waard & Fokkelman, eds., Literary Structure; ABCBA.; Frandsen, letter to John Welch, abcdedcba; Sanderson, Isaiah, 528, ABCDEDCBA; Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 40, abcdedcba; Bailey, Paul through Mediterranean Eyes, 42, 328, ABCBA.

53:3b ∥4b

Weiss BM 13:48; ∥Isa 47:14-15, Gileadi Apocalyptic 182.

53:4-8

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; ∥Isa 47:18-19, Gileadi Apocalyptic 182; cf. Parunak JBL 102:543-544. ∥Mosiah 14:4-8

53:5-6

Bailey in de Regt, de Waard & Fokkelman, eds., Literary Structure; ABA. ∥Mosiah 14:5-6 Bailey, Paul through Mediterranean Eyes, 328, ABA.

53:5

R. Smith; ∥Isa 47:15-17, Gileadi Apocalyptic 182.

53:6-7

Sanderson, Isaiah, 531, ABCCBA.

53:7

Virgulin in Bellerini Introduzione II/2, 170, n. 1, cited in di Marco LB 36:83; Ceresko CBQ 38:307; ∥Isa 47:18, Gileadi Apocalyptic 182. ∥Mosiah 14:7b Sanderson, Isaiah, 531, ABBA; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 233, abba.

53:7-8a

Bailey in de Regt, de Waard & Fokkelman, eds., Literary Structure; ABCCBA; Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 40, abccba; Bailey, Paul through Mediterranean Eyes, 329, ABCBA.

53:8-9

Sanderson, Isaiah, 533, ABCCBA.

53:10-12

Sanderson, Isaiah, 535, ABCDEEDCBA.

53:11

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; ∥Isa 47:22, Gileadi Apocalyptic 183.

53:12

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Virgulin in Bellerini Introduzione II/2, 170, n. 1, cited in di Marco LB 36:83; ∥Isa 47:23, Gileadi Apocalyptic 183.

54:1-3

Sanderson, Isaiah, 542, ABCDEEDCBA.

54:2

Watson CIA 124. Sanderson, Isaiah, 541, ABBA ABBA.

54:2a

R. Smith; abcbca.

54:2c

R. Smith; abba.

54:4-6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 542-43, ABCDEEDCBA.

54:11b

R. Smith

54:11-13

Sanderson, Isaiah, 545, ABCCBA.

54:11 - 56:7

Julie Smith in Miller, ed. Experiment 75; ABA, place for those in distress “bookending” Isa 55.

54:12a

R. Smith

54:13

R. Smith ∥III Ne 22:13

54:14-17

Sanderson, Isaiah, 546, ABCDDCBA.

55 - 66

Merendino Corso esegetico 132, redactional inclusion, cited in di Marco LB 36:83.

55:1

R. Smith

55:1-2

Sanderson, Isaiah, 550, ABCCBA.

55:1c

R. Smith

55:3-5

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

55:3-13

Bliese, Structural Prominence, 32-33, ABCDEFEDCBA.

55:6-9

C. Kroupa

55:7-8

Lund CNT 45; AJSL 46:110; SBR 40; di Marco LB 36:83. Sanderson, Isaiah, 553, ABCCBA.

55:8-9

Watson CIA 130; ABCBA pentacolon; Bailey in de Regt, de Waard & Fokkelman, eds., Literary Stucture; ABCBA; Crandall, “Ancient and Modern Chiasms,” 3, ABCBA; Bailey, Poet and Peasant, xiii, ABCBA; Sanderson, Isaiah, 553, ABCCBA; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 30, abba.; Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, ix, abcba; Bailey, Paul through Mediterranean Eyes, 36, ABCBA.

55:8

Welch BYU Studies 10:70; Pker, Tenney & White Bible Almanac 364; Nelson’s Illustrated; ABBA; J. Smith New Treasury.

55:10-11

Sanderson, Isaiah, 554, ABCCBA.

56 - 66

Tournay RB 74:120-121, cited in di Marco LB 36:83-84; Lack Symbolique 125,128; ABCDCBA; cf. Isa 55 - 66, above. Kim, Chiastic Structure of Isaiah 56-66, ABCDDCBA and ABCDEDCBA.

56:1-2

Sanderson, Isaiah, 558, ABCCBA; Bailey Paul through Mediterranean Eyes 45, aabbaa.

56:1-8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 561, ABCDEFEDCBA; Bailey Paul through Mediterranean Eyes 46, abcdcba.

56:2c-6

Bailey Paul through Mediterranean Eyes 45, ABCDCBA.

56:3-7

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Camden Bible Translator 46:240-242; ABBA; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 35, abba.

56:4-6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 559, ABCDEEDCBA.

56:5

Watson CIA 130; ABBA in pentacolon; cf Ceresko CBQ 40:10.

56:7

Sanderson, Isaiah, 561, ABCCBA.

56:9

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Watson CIA 126-127; ABA tricolon expressing merismus; J. Smith New Treasury.

56:10-11

Sanderson, Isaiah, 562-63, ABCDCBA.

57:3-13

Weise ZAW 72:32.

57:3-4

Sanderson, Isaiah, 566, ABCCBA.

57:3-5

Weise ZAW 72:32.

57:5-6

Weise ZAW 72:25-32; abba.

57:5b

Lewis HAR 11:267-279; ABBA.

57:6-13

Weise ZAW 72:32.

57:10-12

Sanderson, Isaiah, 568, ABCCBA.

57:15

Weiss BM 13:48.

57:15-16

Sanderson, Isaiah, 570, ABCDDCBA.

57:20-21

Sanderson, Isaiah, 571, ABCCBA.

57:21

Watson CIA 130; ABCBA; pentacolon; cf. Isa 28:12.

58:3-4

Sanderson, Isaiah, 576, ABCBA.

58:5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 577, ABCCBA.

58:6-10

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

58:7

Dahood RSP III, Ii, 68f, 72i; Biblica 57:105; ABBA; breakup of stereotype phrase; tetracolon; “bread” ∥”meat”; Watson CIA 129.

58:8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 579, ABBA.

58:9-11a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 581, ABCCBA.

58:10

Watson; syllepsis.

59:1-3a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 586, ABCCBA.

59:2

Watson

59:3a

Watson

59:3b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

59:9-11

Sanderson, Isaiah, 588, ABCCBA.

59:14-15

Sanderson, Isaiah, 588-89, ABCCBA.

59:19

Sanderson, Isaiah, 590, ABCCBA.

59:20

Sanderson, Isaiah, 590, ABCBA.

59:21

Sanderson, Isaiah, 591, ABCDCBA.

60:1-62:12

Kim, Chiastic Structure of Isaiah 60-62, ABCDEFGHHGFEDCBA.

60:1-3

Forbes SSS 39 abcddcba; Bullinger Figures; ABCDDCBA; Lund AJSL 46:109-110, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Lund CNT 44, cited in Welch thesis 10-11,13; Lund SBR 46; Welch BYU Studies 10:72; Smalley “Toward” 9.211, 12345677654321; Watson CIA 126; J. Smith New Treasury; cf. Gen 12:16. Breck, SBL, 37, ABCDEEDCBA; 336, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA; Sanderson, Isaiah, 594-95, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

60:1-2

Weiss BM 13:48.

60:1-3

Crandall, “Ancient and Modern Chiasms,” 3, ABCDDCBA; Bailey, Poet and Peasant, 58, 12345677654321; Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 58, abcdefggffedcba; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 147, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.; Barclay, “Insofar as It Is Translated Correctly,” 10, ABCDEEDCBA; Davis, “Structural Secrets,” 239, ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

60:1-22

Kim, Chiastic Structure of Isaiah 60-62, abcba.

60:2b

Watson CIA 125.

60:3-5

Sanderson, Isaiah, 595-96, ABCCBA.

60:13

Sanderson, Isaiah, 598, ABBA.

60:13b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Watson CIA 125.

60:16a

Gray Forms 67; Watson CIA 125; abcbca; di Marco LB 36:84.

60:17b

Watson CIA 134; double structure; gender chiasmus.

60:17c

Watson; double structure.

60:20

Andersen Sentence 123; Watson CIA 125.

61:1-2

Sanderson, Isaiah, 605, ABCDDCBA.

61:1-11

Kim, Chiastic Structure of Isaiah 60-62, abcba.

61:10-11

Sanderson, Isaiah, 608, ABCCBA.

62:1

Sanderson, Isaiah, 611-612, ABCBA ans ABCCBA.

62:1b

Watson CIA 124,133; with gender-matched synonyms.

62:4

Sanderson, Isaiah, 613-14, ABCCBA.

62:11

Sanderson, Isaiah, 514-16, ABCBA.

63:1-6

R. Smith; anadiploid catene of chiasms.

63:1-2

Weiss BM 13:48; Holmgren in Jackson & Kessler, eds., Rhetorical Crit. 133,135,137.

63:1-3

Sanderson, Isaiah, 620, ABCDDCBA.

63:2-3

Weiss

13:48.

63:3-6

Holmgren in Jackson & Kessler, eds., Rhetorical Crit. 134,136-137,143,146.

63:4-6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 621-22, ABCCBA.

63:7

Sanderson, Isaiah, 622, ABCDCBA.

63:15-17

Sanderson, Isaiah, 625, ABCDDCBA.

64:1a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Watson CIA 125; abccab.

64:4-6a

Sanderson, Isaiah, 629, ABCCBA.

64:6-7

Sanderson, Isaiah, 630, ABCDEEDCBA.

65:1b

Sanderson, Isaiah, 633-34, ABCCBA.

65:2-6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 635, ABCDEEDCBA.

65:9-10

Sanderson, Isaiah, 636, ABCCBA.

65:13-15

Sanderson, Isaiah, 637, ABCBCBCBCDDCBA.

65:16-18

Sanderson, Isaiah, 638-39, ABCDDCBA,

65:18

Weiss BM 13:48; Watson CIA 131; ABCCBA hexacolon.

65:21-24

Sanderson, Isaiah, 640, ABABABABCCBABABABA.

66:3-4

Sanderson, Isaiah, 644-45, ABABABABCCBABABABA.

66:5-6

Sanderson, Isaiah, 645, ABCCBA.

66:7-8

Sanderson, Isaiah, 646, ABCDDCBA.

66:10-13

Sanderson, Isaiah, 647, ABCDDCBA.

66:20

Sanderson, Isaiah, 650, ABCDDCBA.

66:24

Sanderson, Isaiah, 651, ABBA.

Jeremiah

Jer – Ezek

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 108, ABCXCBA.

1 - 52

Alter & Kermode Literary Guide; ABCDEFEDCBA; Christensen Unity of the Bible, 113, ABCXCBA.

1:1 - 51:64b

Lundbom Jeremiah 25-27 (MT); chiastic inclusion.

1:4 - 40:25

Holladay Architecture of Jeremiah 46,122,172-173; 2ABCDBCDBAC.

1:4 - 20:18

Lundbom Jeremiah 28-30,46-48; framed by chiastic inclusion; Scroll of 605 B.C.; Holladay Architecture of Jeremiah 1-20 20,41.

1:4-19

Lundbom Jeremiah 96-99; ABBA; call & promise.

1:8 ∥19

Weiss BM 13:48.

1:15 ∥18

Lundbom Jeremiah 97; key word reversal.

2:1 - 4:4

Condamin Poèmes 37, cited in di Marco LB 36:84; inclusion.

2:2 - 3:24

Holladay Architecture of Jeremiah 32.

2:3-5

Lundbom Jeremiah 74-75.

2:3b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

2:5-37 ∥8:4-13

Holladay Architecture of Jeremiah 46; inclusion.

2:5-9

Lundbom Jeremiah 70-74 (ABCBA of speakers & keywords; middle of chain 2:2:2:2:2), cited in Watson CIA 137,141; ABCDEDCBA of keywords, catchphrases, and content; cf Bright Jeremiah 15.

2:5b ∥8b

Lundbom Jeremiah 72; syntactic reversal.

2:7-9

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

2:7b

Kselman Biblica 58:219-223; ABBA; Watson CIA 132; semantic-sonant.

2:9

Lundbom Jeremiah 62; merism.

2:13-18

Van Grol JSOT 25:55-73; paired tricola.

2:13

Watson CIA 127,129; ABBA tetracolon to express antithesis.

2:13bc

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85; Ceresko CBQ 38:305.

2:19 ∥23

Weiss BM 13:47, n. 5.

2:19a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85; Lundbom Jeremiah 62; Watson CIA 124; abba.

2:27

Ceresko CBQ 38:307.

2:27c-28

Watson CIA 130; ABCBA pentacolon; centering on allusion to UT 49:IV:28 (CTA 6) “Where is Mightiest Ba’al?”; cf Ceresko CBQ 38:305; Breck, SBL, 37, ABCBA.

2:32 ∥18:15

Holladay Architecture of Jeremiah 41; chiasm.

2:33-37

Lundbom Jeremiah 74-75; ABA; speakers& key words (4:2:4).

2:36b

Lundbom Jeremiah 65.

3:1 - 4:4

Soulen Handbook 82; inclusio.

3:1-5

Lundbom Jeremiah 37-39.

3:1b-2

Brueggemann in Jackson & Kessler, eds., Rhetorical Crit. 156.

3:3a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

3:4-24

Holladay Architecture of Jeremiah 50.

3:7-8

Weiss BM 13:47.

3:8 ∥10

Weiss BM 13:47.

3:12b-14a ∥3:22

Holladay Architecture of Jeremiah 50; assonant chiasm.

3:12b-14a

Holladay Architecture of Jeremiah 52; ABA.

4:1 - 8:14

Holladay Architecture of Jeremiah 56,172; envelope foe cycle.

4:2

Watson CIA 126; abcba.

4:2b

Lundbom Jeremiah 65.

4:5 - 6:30

Holladay Architecture of Jeremiah 65-69; ABCDACB.

4:5a

Lundbom Jeremiah 62; A. Berlin in Freedman, ed., ABD V:156; abc:cba.

4:7a

Lundbom Jeremiah 63.

4:9c

Lundbom Jeremiah 63.

4:11-12a

Holladay VT 26:34-37, cited in Watson CIA 131; hexacolon.

4:14-16

Watson CIA 131; ABBA octocolon; cf Dahood Biblica 57:108.

4:19

Lundbom Jeremiah 67.

4:19c-21

Lundbom Jeremiah 69-70; abcdeedcba.

4:22

Lundbom Jeremiah 52.

4:22c

Lundbom Jeremiah 52,64-65.

4:23

Kselman JBL 97:164, n. 13.

4:27a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

4:27b-28a

Watson CIA 132; semantic-sonant; with inverted consonants.

4:28b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

4:29-31

Lundbom Jeremiah 149, n. 79; inclusion.

4:29

Lundbom Jeremiah 52-53; Watson CIA 131; ABCCBD hexacolon.

4:30c

Lundbom Jeremiah 65.

5:1-8

Lundbom Jeremiah 75-78; ABCBA; speakers & key words (4:3:4:4:3), with ballast variant; Watson CIA 145.

5:1-2 ∥7-8

Smith; abccba; reversal of key words.

5:5-31

Olson JSOT 73:81-107; A..KXK..A.

5:6a

Gray Forms 67; Muilenburg EJ 13:673; Lundbom Jeremiah 63; di Marco LB 36:85; abcbca.

5:10-13

Lundbom Jeremiah 39-41 (MT); inclusion.

5:12b

Lundbom Jeremiah 63.

5:17

Lundbom Jeremiah 92, n. 80; cf. 51:20-23.

5:21

Lundbom Jeremiah 53; chiastic inclusion.

5:22

Lundbom Jeremiah 69; assonant chiasm.

5:25

Holladay JBL 85:408-411,418, cited in di Marco LB 36:86; Watson CIA 132; assonantal chiasmus.

5:26-31

Lundbom Jeremiah 41-42 (omits v. 29); inclusion.

6:1-7

Lundbom Jeremiah 78-79,81-82; ABA; speakers & key words (4:4:4).

6:1 ∥6

Lundbom Jeremiah 78-79; abba; key word reversal.

6:1c-2a

Lundbom Jeremiah 69; assonant chiasm.

6:7

Watson; merism.

6:8-12

Lundbom Jeremiah 78,80-82; ABA; speakers & key words.

6:8-9 ∥12

Lundbom Jeremiah 80-81; abccba; key word reversal.

6:8

Lundbom Jeremiah 66; cf. Dt 32:27.

6:13-15 ∥8:10-12

Lundbom Jeremiah 30 (n. 25),80-84.

6:21

Lundbom Jeremiah 63.

6:25a

Gray Forms 65; Lundbom Jeremiah 63; di Marco LB 36:85; abba; Watson.

7:16

Ceresko CBQ 38:309.

7:23b-28a

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 6, abcba.

8:4-5

Lundbom Jeremiah 53-54; centers on 8:5a.

8:5a

Lundbom Jeremiah 54,66; chiasm with word-play.

8:7

Lundbom Jeremiah 54-55; inclusion.

8:8-9

Lundbom Jeremiah 55; chiastic inclusion.

8:13 - 9:21

Condamin Poèmes 37 (cf. Livre de Jérémie), cited in di Marco LB 36:84; Lundbom Jeremiah 30, 83, on chiastic inclusion of 8:13 ∥9:21 (KJV 9:22).

8:13-17

Lundbom Jeremiah 82-84 (MT); ABCBA; speakers & key words, in addition to 2:3:1:3:2 structure.

8:13

Lundbom Jeremiah 66.

8:14 - 10:22

Holladay Architecture of Jeremiah 107; ABA.

8:18-21

Lundbom Jeremiah 84-86 (MT); ABCBA; speakers.

8:22 - 9:10

Lundbom Jeremiah 99-100; ABBA; cluster of 4 poems (KJV 9:11).

9:2-5

Lundbom Jeremiah 86-88; ABA or ABBA; key words & 7 (KJV 9:3-6).

9:3

Forbes SSS 37; Weiss BM 13:48; Lundbom Jeremiah 67; (KJV 9:4); Watson CIA 127,129; ABBA tetracolon (keyword links: friend brother brother friend) expressing merismus and antithesis.

9:4

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 29, abba; Forbes SSS 37, abba.

9:9b-10

Lundbom Jeremiah 42-43 (MT); inclusion (KJV 9:10b-11).

9:21

Lundbom Jeremiah 66 (KJV 9:22).

10:1-16

Clendenen JBL 106:401-408; ABCDEDCB.

10:2

Ceresko CBQ 38:305; cf. Isa 14:25b.

10:2-5

Reid JSOT 31:227, abccba.

10:2-16

Reid JSOT 31:226, ABCDCBA.

10:6-7

Lundbom Jeremiah 43-44; inclusion–doxology; Reid JSOT 31:228, abba.

10:11

Lundbom Jeremiah 65; Reid JSOT 31:229, ABCDDCBA.

10:12-13

Ceresko CBQ 38:305.

10:20-21

Lundbom Jeremiah 55-56; inclusion.

11 – 45

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 113, ABCXCBA.

11:5 ∥20:15

Holladay Architecture of Jeremiah 26.

11:7

Ceresko CBQ 38:309, citing Dahood (n. 8).

11:10-13

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

11:18 - 12:3

R. Smith; ABCDEDCBA.

11:18-20 ∥12:1-3

Lundbom Jeremiah 100-101; ABCCBA.

12:13a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85; Lundbom Jeremiah 64-65.

13:1-4

Holladay JBL 85:422-424, cited in di Marco LB 36:86-87; cf. 16:2-9.

13:16a

Lundbom Jeremiah 66.

14:1 - 15:9

Condamin Poèmes 37 (cf. Livre de Jérémie), cited in di Marco LB 36:84.

14:2

Holladay JBL 81:51-52, cited in Lundbom Jeremiah 67-68.

14:2a

Lundbom Jeremiah 63.

14:7-9

Condamin Poèmes, cited in Lundbom Jeremiah 44; inclusion.

14:15-16

Weiss BM 13:47.

14:16 ∥18

Weiss BM 13:47.

16:1-9

Holladay JBL 85:416-420,432-433, cited in di Marco LB 36:86-87; Watson CIA 132,135; skewed sequential and chiastic; line-by-line gender pattern sequence acts in counterpoint with inversions of the second and last cola.

16:3

Holladay JBL 85:414-415,417-418, cited in di Marco LB 36:86; Watson CIA 134-135; gender chiasmus.

16:4-6

Weiss BM 13:49.

16:4

Holladay JBL 85:414-415,417-318, cited in di Marco LB 36:86.

16:6

Holladay JBL 85:408,414-415,417-418, cited in di Marco LB 36:86; Watson CIA 132; assonantal chiasmus.

16:11

Ceresko CBQ 38:309.

16:18b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

17:1

Lundbom Jeremiah 66.

17:7

Berlin Dynamics of Biblical Parallelism; ABBA.

17:13-16a

Lundbom Jeremiah 88-89; ABCBA; speakers.

18:20-22

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

18:23b

Lundbom Jeremiah 63.

20:1-6

Holladay JBL 91:305-320.

20 - 40

Alter & Kermode Literary Guide; ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA.

20:4,6

Condamin Livre de Jérémie, and Holladay, JBL, 91:307ff., cited in Lundbom Jeremiah 44-45; inclusion.

20:6

Lundbom Jeremiah 63.

20:7-10

Condamin Livre de Jérémie, cited in Lundbom Jeremiah 45-46; inclusion.

20:10

Lundbom Jeremiah 67.

20:11

Lundbom Jeremiah 69; assonant chiasm.

20:14-18

Condamin Livre de Jérémie, cited in Lundbom Jeremiah 46-48,68; inclusion (2:2:2:2:2); cf. 2:5-9, 14:2-6.

20:14

Lundbom Jeremiah 68; abba.

21:1 - 23:8

Lundbom Jeremiah 31-32; ABA (prose-poetry-prose); chiastic inclusion; King Collection.

21:11 - 23:8

Condamin Poèmes 37 (cf. Livre de Jérémie), cited in di Marco LB 36:84, and in Lundbom Jeremiah.

22:6-23

Lundbom Jeremiah 101-104; ABCBA.

22:6-7

Lundbom Jeremiah 48-49; inclusion (prose frames vss 5,8).

22:20-21

Lundbom Jeremiah 49,57; inclusion.

22:22-23

Condamin, cited in Lundbom Jeremiah 49-50,57-58; inclusion with assonance.

22:30

Ceresko CBQ 38:307; Watson CIA 162 n. 33; ABBCC pentacolon.

23:1-4

Holladay JBL 85:426-433, cited in Watson CIA 132; skewed sequential and chiastic; ABCBDDCBA.

23:4

Holladay JBL 85:424-425; gather line.

23:5 ∥7

Lundbom Jeremiah 21-36 171; “Look, days are coming” ∥33:14.

23:6a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85; Lundbom Jeremiah 21-36 174, “syntactic chiasmus” of Judah ∥Israel, followed by YHWH Tzidqenu “The LORD our Righteousness” (capitalized in KJV) ∥33:16.

23:9-29:32

EPP-Tiessen, Concerning the Prophets, 44, 62, ABCDCBA.

23:18,21-22

Lundbom Jeremiah 89-90; ABA; key words (2:2:2).

23:18a ∥22a

Lundbom Jeremiah 90; key word reversal.

23:23-24

Brueggemann JBL 92:308-309; cf. Held EI 9:71-79.

23:25-32

Holladay JBL 85:426-433, cited in di Marco LB 36:87; ABA; Watson CIA 132; skewed sequential and chiastic.

23:25-26 ∥30-31

Holladay JBL 85:426-431, cited in di Marco LB 36:87.

23:25-26a

Holladay JBL 85:426-431, cited in di Marco LB 36:86.

23:25

Holladay JBL 85:426-431, cited in di Marco LB 36:86.

23:26

Holladay JBL 85:426-431, cited in di Marco LB 36:86.

23:28a

Holladay JBL 85:426-431, cited in di Marco LB 36:86.

23:28b

Holladay JBL 85:426-431, cited in di Marco LB 36:86.

23:32

Holladay JBL 85:424-425; gather line.

24, 27 ∥28 - 29

Lundbom Jeremiah 109-111; ABBA; Zedekiah Cluster.

25 - 26 ∥35 - 36:8

Lundbom Jeremiah 107-109; ABBA; Jehoiakim Cluster.

25 – 36

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 114, ABCXCBA.

25:5

Ceresko CBQ 38:309.

26:12-15 ∥28:2-4

Condamin Poèmes 53, cited in di Marco LB 36:85; inclusion.

28 – 33

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 115, ABCXCBA.

29:4-23

Lundbom Jeremiah 104-107 (Lucian & MT); ABBA; 1st letter.

29:5 ∥28

Lundbom Jeremiah 106-107; inclusion; 1st & 2nd letters.

30:3 ∥31:40

Lundbom Jeremiah 35-36; inclusion; Book of Comfort.

30:5-6 ∥31:22b

Lundbom Jeremiah 32-33,36; inclusion; Book of Comfort.

30:12-15a

Muilenburg Translating 48, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

30:16

Dahood VT 27:482; Watson CIA 130; ABCBA pentacolon.

30:17a

Lundbom Jeremiah 63.

30:18b

Lundbom Jeremiah 64.

31:3

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 581; cf. Hosea 11:1-4.

31:23 ∥34b

? Lundbom Jeremiah 34-35; inclusion.

31:33a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

31:35-36

Lundbom Jeremiah 58-59.

32:38-40

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 24, abcdcba.

33:14-18

Galbiati Struttura 33, cited in di Marco LB 36:85; inclusio and two-stanza oracle (33:14-16), surrounded by Jehoiakim Cluster, Jer 25 - 26 ∥35 - 36:8, center at 33:16, Lundbom Jeremiah 21-36 537-539; cf 23:5-6, and Helaman 6:10 (Zedekiah ∥Lord).

35:16ab

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

43:3-5

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 31, abba.

44:12

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

44:21

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 42, abba; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 106, abba.

46:14b

Lundbom Jeremiah 64 (MT).

46:20-21

Lundbom Jeremiah 59-60; inclusion in center of Speech Against Egypt (46:18-23).

46:20

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

46:24

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

48:3-4

Lundbom Jeremiah 69; assonant chiasm; cf. Isa 15:5.

48:11c

Lundbom Jeremiah 64.

48:41a

Lundbom Jeremiah 64.

49:12

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 30, abba.

49:34 ∥39

Lundbom Jeremiah 27 (LXX only, 25:14 ∥20); inclusion of Elam Oracle.

50:2-46

Kessler Semitics 3:31-35, cited in Watson CIA 145.

50:2-20

Condamin Poèmes 37 (cf. Livre de Jérémie), cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

50:8a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:85.

50:22-23

Dahood IDB Supplement “Chiasmus”; ABBA.

51:11-14

Lundbom Jeremiah 50-51; inclusion.

51:20-23

Lundbom Jeremiah 91-92; ABA; catalogue poem.

51:20 ∥23

Lundbom Jeremiah 92; key word and plural reversals.

51:34-35

Lundbom Jeremiah 92-95; ABCBA; key words (4:4:4:4:4).

51:38-58

Condamin Livre de Jérémie; ABCCBA.

51:38

Lundbom Jeremiah 65.

51:58c

Lundbom Jeremiah 64.

52: 1-34

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 108, ABCXCBA.

Ezekiel

1 - 48

Radday BM 20-21:71; Testa Messaggio 3:43, cited in di Marco LB 36:90; ABA; but cf. Brownlee MQS 250-251; ; cf. Tuell Law of the Temple 2 (1 - 3 Vision of the Chariot Throne ∥40 - 48 Temple Vision), citing TB Shabbat 13b; Hagiga 13a; Mehahot 45a; displayed as ABCDEFEDCBA online at http:// www.israelcatholic.com/content/view/46/119/lang,en/ Carlston, “Finding the Savior,” 25-26, ABCYZZYCBA; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 116, ABCXCBA, 118, ABXBA.

1 – 24

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 118, ABCXCBA.

1 – 3

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 122, ABCXCBA.

1:1-2

Carlston, “Finding the Savior,” 25, ABCDDCBA; Carlston Discovering Chiasmus in the Writings of the Prophets 16-17, ABCDDCBA ABCYZZYCBA.

1:1-28

Allen, Ezekiek 1-19, ABCCBA.

1:1-28b

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 121, ABCXCBA.

1:20

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 36:91

1:27

Jebb Sacred Literature, 54, ABCCBA; Moulton Literary 51, reversed triplet, cited in di Marco LB 36:90. Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 69, ABCCBA.

2:4-7

Galbiati Struttura 55, abxba regression, cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

2:5b-7a

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 14, abcddcba.

3:1

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 36:91.

3:12 ∥14

Weiss BM 13:47.

3:20b

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 36:91.

4 – 6

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 122-23, ABCXCBA.

5:7-10

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 36:91; cf. Parunak JBL 102:533-534.

7 – 14

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 119, ABCXCBA.

7:6-7

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 36:91.

8:5ff

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 36:91.

8:12 ∥9:9

Weiss BM 13:49.

10 – 11

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 119, ABCXCBA.

11:3 ∥7

Weiss BM 13:49.

11:19

Watson CIA 125,129; tetracolon; as reconstructed by Brownlee JBL 89:396-399.

12:4-6

Galbiati Struttura 50,57, cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

12:7

Galbiati Struttura 50,57, cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

12:12

Galbiati Struttura 50,57, cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

13:10-16

Galbiati Struttura 55-56, abcdxdcba, cited in di Marco LB 36:90; cf. Parunak JBL 102:533-534.

13:17-23

Galbiati Struttura 50,57, cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

14:9

Ceresko CBQ 38:309; cf Lev 17.

15 – 19

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 123, ABCXCBA.

15 - 24

Boadt CBQ 59:1-21; ABCDEFEDCBA.

15:4a

Boadt VT 25:693-699; ABBA; Kugel Idea 20.

16:3 ∥45

Weiss BM 13:49.

16:6-7 ∥22

Weiss BM 13:49.

16:34b

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 36:91.

17:1-24

Parunak JBL 102:544, with an inverted hinge in 16:59-63.

17:4b

Watson

17:23

Watson; ballast variant.

17:24

Boadt VT 25:693-699; Watson CIA 162 n. 3; abccba.

18:20b

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 36:91.

18:26

Weiss BM 13:47.

19:2b-3a

Boadt VT 25:693-699; Watson CIA 127; ABBA tetracolon (lion cub cub lion).

19:7

Watson CIA 124.

20 – 24

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 123, ABCXCBA.

20:6-24

Galbiati Struttura 50,57, cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

20:6-16

Bligh Galatians: A Discussion 372, abcdcba, cited in di Marco LB 36:91.

21:2-4

Galbiati Struttura 50,57, cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

21:7-10

Galbiati Struttura 50,57, cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

21:8b-10

Boadt VT 25:697, cited in Watson CIA 128.

21:8-9

Weiss BM 13:49; KJV 21:3-4.

21:9-10

Weiss BM 13:49; KJV 21:4-5.

21:27

Boadt VT 25:693-699.

22:2

Kselman Biblica 58:219-223; Watson CIA 132; semantic-sonant, and anadiplosis.

23:3a

Boadt VT 25:693-699.

23:6 ∥12

Weiss BM 13:49.

24:1-39:24

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 117, ABCXCBA.

24:16-17

Galbiati Struttura 50,57, cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

24:22-23

Galbiati Struttura 50,57, cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

25 - 32

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 119-20, ABCXCBA.

25:3-7

Soulen Handbook 82; inclusio.

25:8-11

Soulen Handbook 82.

25:12-17

Soulen Handbook 82.

26:19-20

Parunak Biblica 62:159, ABCDEDCBA.

29 – 32

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 124, ABCXCBA.

32:4

Watson

32:7-8a

Boadt VT 25:693-699; ABBA, or CACBBA;Watson CIA 128; ABBA tetracolon interlocking with other patterns (CACBBC[A]), also termed “intercalation” or multistructure; cf 21:8b-10.

32:7a

Boadt VT 25:693-699; CAC.

32:13b

Watson CIA 125; abcdcdab; 11:19-20a, ABBABA.

33:1-33b

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 117, ABCXCBA.

33:14c-19

Crandall, “Ancient and Modern Chiasms,” 3, ABCCBA.

34 – 39

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 120, ABCXCBA.

34:3-16

Galbiati Struttura 7,44,50, abcde/.../edcba, cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

34:4 ∥16

Weiss BM 13:49.

34:5-6

Petersen New Era 2 (Aug 1972), 42.

34:6

Watson CIA 127; ABA tricolon.

34:11-31

Hartman Prophecy 62; ABA; cf Lev 26.

36:4-6

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 36:91.

36:26

Boadt VT 25:693-699; Kugel Idea 19.

37:16-20

R. Smith; abcddcba (without introductory asides).

40:1 - 48:35

Greenberg Interpretation 38:189-190 (ABCBA), cited in Tuell Law of the Temple 18-20, 74-75; original (ABCDCBA) and expanded form (ABCDCBA) of the Temple Vision; cited in Lust RETL 70:147-148; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 120-21, ABCXCBA.

40:3-4 ∥43:10-11

Block Book of Ezekiel, Chaps 25-48, 506; “impressive inclusio”; negated by Rennaker “Up, Up, and Away!” 2-4.

40:5 ∥42:20

Joyce in Day, ed., Temples & Worship 150; inclusio.

42 – 46

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 121, ABCXCBA.

42:15-16a

Rennaker “Up, Up, and Away!” 26; ABCCBA.

47:8-9

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 36:91.

Hosea (prophetic speech)

 

Hosea-Malachi

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 125, ABCXCBA.

1:4-5

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 174; ABCBCABA.

1:6-7,9,2:1 ∥2:3

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 201.

1:6-7 ∥2:2

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 201,207.

1:6,9 ∥2:1

Weiss BM 13:49.

2

Galbiati in Studi sull’ Oriente, cited in di Marco LB 36:95.

2:2

Watson CIA 124.

2:5-6

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:97.

2:7-11

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 241; discontinuous ABBA.

2:14-15

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 140-141, citing Cassuto, Galbiati, and Krazyna.

2:15

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 262; two simultaneous actions.

2:20

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 280; two lists of 3 items.

2:23b-24a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 285; part of chain.

4:4a

Watson; Andersen & Freedman Hosea 318,345; abcbca; artistic chiasm of synonymous bicolon; syllabic 5:5.

4:5a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:97; Andersen & Freedman Hosea 318; chiastic tricolon.

4:6

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 318; inclusion.

4:6a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 353; obj-verb ∥verb-obj.

4:6aA-14bB

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 321-322; chiastic, framed discourse, centering on 4:9.

4:6aA ∥14bB

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 321; discontinuous chiastic bicolon and inclusion.

4:7-10

De Roche VT 33:185-198; ABCBA.

4:9b

Watson CIA 125; Andersen & Freedman Hosea 318,361; abccab; abccab; chiasm of synonyms; cf Hos 12:3.

4:10-12 ∥5:4

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 381; reversal of YHWH ... ‘lhym.

4:10b ∥12bB

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 363; discontinuous chiastic bicolon of verbs & objs.

4:13b-14a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 318; direct & chiastic tetracolon.

4:13

Watson CIA 124.

4:13b

Ridderbos Psalmen 5 n.8, citing JBL 81:45.

4:16

Watson (simile).

5:1 - 6:6

Condamin Poèmes 80; Boismard Prologue 105, cited in di Marco LB 36:95.

5:1a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 363.

5:3-4

Baldwin Haggai 76; ABBA

5:5b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 393; poetic chiasm of subjects & verbs.

5:10-12

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:97.

6:2a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 326; chiastic, synonymous bicolon.

6:3aB ∥5b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 327; ABC:C’A’B’, plus chiasm of C & B’.

6:3b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 425; ABCBAC.

6:7b ∥7:2b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 434; discontinuous with ki; verb-obj ∥obj-verb.

6:9b ∥7:1a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 434; discontinuous with locatives & prep phrases.

7:1b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 445; chiastic verbs in bicolon.

7:3-7 ∥13-16

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 460; echo.

7:3-7

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 450-453,456; ABCDCBA; centers on 7:5-6aA.

7:3a ∥5aA

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 448; chiastic bicolon.

7:3b ∥5aB

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 448: chiastic bicolon.

7:4aA ∥7aA

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 448-449; chiastic bicolon.

7:4aB ∥6bB

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 448-449; chiastic bicolon.

7:7bA ∥16aA

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 460; discontinuous chiastic bicolon.

7:7bA ∥16b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 479; discontinuous chiastic bicolon.

7:7

Abishur BM 48:39; Holladay VT 16:58, cited in di Marco LB 36:96; Watson CIA 132; with inverted consonants.

7:12b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 464; chiastic parallelism.

7:13b ∥15a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 472; chiasm of perfect verbs enveloped by imperfects.

7:14

Dahood in Fisher RSP I II:89.

7:14-15

Kselman, SBL Seminar Papers, 1980, 3, ABCCBA.

8:1a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 485.

8:1b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 484; synonymous, chiastic bicolon.

8:6a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 495; chiastic bicolon (pronouns).

8:8-14

Kselman SBL Seminar Papers 5:1-16,abccba.

8:9-13

Freedman in Gray Forms XXXVI-XXXVII (n. 17); Hyland & Freedman HTR 66:237-256; di Marco LB 36:96; Watson CIA 145; cf Ps 29.

8:9aA ∥13bB

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 502; envelope of discontinuous chiastic bicolon; syllabic 7:7.

8:9aB ∥11

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 503?

8:10

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 507.

8:11-12

Ceresko CBQ 40:3, ABBA.

8:14aB-b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 511; introversion of “cities.”

8:14a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 512; “forgot Israel” ∥”Judah multiplied”; syllabic 10:5:10 (or 10:6:11).

9:2 ∥4

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 526; “food & drink” reversal.

9:3-4

Kselman, SBL Semiar Papers, 1980, 4, ABCDCBA.

9:3bB ∥4aB

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 520.

9:3b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 517,520; chiastic bicolon of verbs.

9:7a ∥9b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 521; “echo, or envelope,” with 7a as a pivot or “hinge.”

9:11-12

Dahood RSP III, I 323f; inclusion of “fly” ∥”travel.”

9:16a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 545; chiastic parallelism.

9:34

Kselman SBL Seminar Papers 5:1-16.

10:4

Watson; ABA.

10:12

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 569; “closure.”

10:13

Watson

10:14a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 563; chiastic bicolon.

11:3aB ∥4a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 581; chiastic bicolon.

11:5 ∥11

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 575,584; shows error of LXX.

11:10

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 591; “envelope construction,” and syllabic chiasm.

12:1b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 597; inversion of incomplete parallelism.

12:3-6

Holladay VT 16:53-64 (rejected by Coote VT 21:393 n. 2), cited in Welch thesis 35-36, and cited in Watson CIA 137,142; ABCDEEDCBA; semi-acrostic Lawsuit, with anadiploid central cola; di Marco LB 36:96; cf Gen 32:20, 33:4, 35:15; cf also Ginsburg JBL 80:339-349; Gertner VT 10:241-284; Ackroyd VT 13:245-259; Good VT 16:137-151; Coote VT 21:389-402.

12:3ab

Holladay VT 16:54-55,58, cited in di Marco LB 36:96.

12:3b

Holladay VT 16:54-55,58, cited in di Marco LB 36:96; abccba; Andersen & Freedman Hosea 596.

12:4-5a

Holladay VT 16:54-55,58, cited in di Marco LB 36:96.

12:5a

Eslinger JSOT 18:91-99.

12:7

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 597; verbal chiasm of 1st & 3rd lines.

12:9a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 597; poorly developed chiasm.

12:11aA ∥11b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 618; “I spoke” ∥”I made figures of speech.”

12:11a

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 596,615; chiastic bicolon.

12:12

R. Smith

12:13a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,300, cited in di Marco LB 36:97.

12:15b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 597; poorly developed bicolon with some inversion.

13:2b

Andersen & Freedman Hosea 632; complete inversion of values.

13:14

Jebb Sacred Literature, 54, ABBA, cited in Welch thesis 107, also was cited in Welch, “How Much Was Known,” 58; Boys Tactica Sacra 1-3, ABBA; Weiss BM 13:49; Morisette RB 79:171, cited in di Marco LB 36:96; Watson CIA 129; Andersen & Freedman Hosea 627; ABBA; “elegant” chiastic tetracolon with syllabic 7:5:4:8 count. Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 69, ABBA.

14:10

Forbes SSS 26, cited in Watson CIA 130; AABCC pentacolon, or AACBB; NEB improperly sets it as prose.

Joel (cultic ceremonial poetry)

 

Bliese OPTTL 2:52-84; discrete chiasms throughout.

1:1 - 4:21

Moulton Literary 148-149, cited in di Marco LB 36:94-95; = KJV 1:1 - 3:21.

1:4 - 4:20

Bourke RB 66:11-12, cited in di Marco LB 36:95; = KJV 1:4 - 3:20; cf Bliese OPTTL 2:52-84.

1:17

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 28, abba.

1:19-20

Dahood in Fisher RSP I II:intro 4c.

2:18-21

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 33, abba.

2:20a

Dahood Biblica 52:397.

2:28-29?

cf Dewey Markan Public Debate; re Mark 2:1-12 ABA.

2:30-31

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 33, abba.

3 - 4

Bourke RB 66:5-31; ABCBA.

3:1b ∥Acts 2:17b

Lundbom Jeremiah 92 n. 79; = KJV 2:28b.

3:3b-4a

König Stilistik 146, cited in di Marco LB 36:95.

4:3

Watson CIA 134; gender chiasmus; double structure.

4:10

Watson CIA 134; gender chiasmus; double structure.

4:11

Dahood Biblica 52:343; tricolon; = KJV 3:11; cf Nahum 3:17-18a.

Amos

1:1 - 9:15

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 6-7,189,192-193,195; note esp 1:2 ∥4:13 ∥5:8-9 ∥9:5-6; Dorsey Biblica 73:305-330; ABCDCBA; Andersen & Freedman Amos 506; good & evil ∥evil & good at 5:14-15 central to structure and message of book (see Isa 5:20); cf Garrett JETS 27:275-276; Mays Amos.

1:1 - 5:3

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 6,193-195.

1:2 ∥3:8

Condamin Poèmes 36-37,39, cited in di Marco LB 36:93; inclusion.

1:2 - 3:2

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 6,200-201; cf Paul JBL 90:401.

1:3-5

Soulen Handbook 82; inclusio; Syria.

1:3

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

1:4-12

Andersen & Freedman Amos 242; chiasm of citadels.

1:5

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 198-199.

1:6-8

Soulen Handbook 82; inclusio; Philistia.

1:9-15

Soulen Handbook 82; inclusio; Lebanon & Trans-Jordan.

1:11c

Newman SBP I:138-139; abccab.

2:4b

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:94; Newman SBP I:138-139; abcba.

2:6b

Newman SBP I:138-139; abccb2.

2:7a

Newman SBP I:138-139; ab2:b2a.

2:9-16

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 199-200.

2:10

Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 226-27, ABA.

2:11-12

Weiss BM 13:49-50; Watson CIA 131; Ceresko CBQ 38:305; ABCBAA hexacolon.

2:14-16 (LXX)

Lund CNT 85-86; Lund JR 10:92, abcddcba; Lund AJSL 46:108, cited in di Marco LB 36:93; abcddcba; Bailey, Paul through Mediterranean Eyes, abcddcba.

3:1-15

Dorsey Biblica 73:305-330; ABCDCBA.

3:3-8

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 202-204.

3:5

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 213.

3:6-8

C. Kroup.

3:9 - 6:14

Noble JBL 114:209-226; ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

4:7b

Watson; anadiploid, or terraced.

4:9b

Newman SBP I:138-139; ab2:b2a.

4:12

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:94.

5:1-17

Mudhenk, cited in de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 189-198,204-209; de Waard VT 27:170-177; de Waard Literary Structure; multistructure; Dorsey Biblica 73:305-330; ABCDCBA..

5:4-15

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 7,195.

5:4b-6a

Lund AJSL 46:107-108, cited in di Marco LB 36:93; Lund CNT 42, cited in Welch thesis 21; Welch Chiasmus im Buch Mormon; Thiering JSS 8:190, abcdcba; Lund, and Bailey dissertation, cited in de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 3,196-198,206; de Waard VT 27:172; Welch BYU Studies 10:74; Bailey Poet and Peasant 1234321; Klaus Pivot Patterns; abcdcba, with anacrusis of ki. Haws, “Chiasmus,” ABCCBA; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 145,ABCDCBA.

5:4-5

Watson CIA 131; ABCCBA heptacolon or hexacolon.

5:4-6

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 30, abcdedcba; Bailey, Paul through Mediterranean Eyes, 501, abcdcba.

5:5a

Newman SBP I:138-139; abba.

5:7

Gray Forms 68; Bailey 1974 draft of chapter, cited in Smalley “Toward an Etic Taxonomy” 9.211, abccba; di Marco LB 36:94; Bailey, Poet and Peasant, 57, abccba.

5:8b

Newman SBP I:138-139; abccba.

5:9

Newman SBP I:138-139; abcbac.

5:10-13

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 208-209.

5:10-12

de Waard VT 27:174-175.

5:10-11

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:94.

5:10

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 209.

5:14-15a

Bailey dissertation 68, cited in de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 3-4,207; Smalley “Toward an Etic Taxonomy” 9.211, 12344321; de Waard VT 27:175, citing Mays Amos 99, on inclusion of 5:14a ∥15a. Bailey, Poet and Peasant, 58, 12344321.

5:15cd

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 207.

5:16 - 9:15

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 7,195.

5:16-17

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos.

5:16

Freedman Divine Commitment I:320-321.

5:16b

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:94.

5:18 - 6:14

Dorsey Biblica 73:305-330; ABCDCBA.

5:18-27

O’Connell VT 46:56-73; ABBA.

5:21-27

Tensmeyer, A Brief Story, 22, abccba.

5:23

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:94.

5:24

Bailey 1974 draft chapter, cited in Smalley “Toward an Etic Taxonomy” 9.211, abccba, Bailey, Poet and Peasant, 57, abccba.

6:1-14

Carroll Biblical Interpretation 4:76-100; ABCCBA.

6:2b

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:94.

6:6a

Newman SBP I:138-139; abcbac.

6:8a

Newman SBP I:138-139; abccab.

6:12a

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 210.

6:12b-13a

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 210.

6:13b-14a

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 210.

6:14

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 210.

7:4b - 8:14

Eslinger Hebrew Annual Review 11:35-57; ABCDCBA.

7:9-17

Eslinger Hebrew Annual Review 11:35-57; ABCBAC, or ABBACC, or ABCCBBA.

7:9a

Newman SBP I:138-139; abcbac.

8:4f - 9:15

Dorsey Biblica 73:305-330; ABCDCBA.

8:6

Newman SBP I:138-139; abccb2.

9:1-10

Carroll Biblical Interpretation 4:76-100; ABA? O’Connell VT 46:56-73; ABBA.

9:1-4

Lund CNT 86-87, cited in Watson CIA 137,142-143; ABCDDCAB; inclusio with interlocking chiasms; Lund AJSL 46:125-126, cited in di Marco LB 36:94; Bailey dissertation 71, cited in de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 211-212; multistructure; Bailey, Poet and Peasant, 60, ABCDEEDCBA.

9:2-3

Watson CIA 142-143; depths heights heights depths.

9:3-4

Watson CIA 142-143; eyes command command eyes.

9:5-6

de Waard & Smalley Translator’s Handbook on Amos 212.

9:6

Newman SBP I:138-139; abccba.

9:11ab

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 36:94; Newman SBP I:138-139; abba.

9:13b

Newman SBP I:138-139; abcba.

Obadiah

Obadia-Zephaniah

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 126, ABCXCBA.

1:1-2

Watson; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 43, abba.

1:1b

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 36:97.

1:15-18

Snyman ZAW 101:59-71; ABBA.

Jonah

1:1 - 4:11

Pesch Markusevangelium, I; ABCDEFGFEDCCBA; Radday LB

 

27-28:6-13; cf. D. Christensen JETS 28:133-140; Ladd And He Spake unto Me 75, ABCDEFGHIJKJIHGFEDCBA; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 128-29, ABCXCBA; Christensen, “Narrative Poetics,” 40, ABBA,41, ABCCBA; Rayna Scott, “Observation of Chiasmus within the Book of Jonah,”—email to John W. Welch, 2-25-2013, abcdefcenterfedcba.

1:1-2

Lohfink BZNF 5:201, cited in di Marco LB 37:50.

1:1-2:11

D. Christensen JETS 28:136, ABCDEFGHIIHGFEDCBA.

1:1-3

Simmons, The Book of Jonah, 45, ABBA.

1:2-3:2

D. Christensen JETS 28:140, ABCCBA.

1:2-11

Magonet Form and Meaning ABCDEFEDCBA.

1:3-4

König Stilistik 300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:52.

1:3

Lohfink BZNF 5:199-200, cited in di Marco LB 37:47; abczcba; Wendland JETS 39:191-206; ABCDCBA; Christensen, JETS, 28:139, ABCCBA; Assis CBN 275, ABCDCBA.

 

1:4-16a Talbert Literary Patterns; ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA; Lohfink BZNF 5:200-201, and Pesch Biblica 47:577-581, cited in di Marco LB 37:49-51, and cited in Radday CIA 59-60; ABCDEFGFEDCBA; r = -0.997; multistructure with second half of book (see below); Wendland JETS 39:373-395; ABCDEFGHHGFEDCBA; Magonet Form and Meaning ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA; Limburg, Jonah, ABCDEDCBA.

1:4-6

Cohn Buch Jona 51-52, cited in di Marco LB 37:51.

1:8-10

Simmons, The Book of Jonah, 46, abccba.

1:9-10

di Marco LB 37:50; cf Gen 3:6ff.

1:9a

di Marco LB 37:50.

1:14-16

Simmons, The Book of Jonah, 47, ABBA.

1:14b-4:2

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 129, ABCXCBA.

1:16 - 2:10

Wendland JETS 39:373-395; ABCDEEDCBA.

2:1 – 3:10

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 129, ABCXCBA.

2:1-9

Simmons, The Book of Jonah, 48-49, AABBBBAA.

2:1-11

Weimar Biblische Zeitschrift 28:43-68; ABCDCBA; D. Christensen JBL 104:217-231; D. Christensen, JETS, 28:138, ABCDDCBA.

2:1-2,11

di Marco LB 37:49; ABBA; 2:4-10 is a song and is not symmetrical with parts one or two of Jonah (37:51).

2:3-4a

Simmons, The Book of Jonah, 48, abba.

2:5-6

Simmons, The Book of Jonah, 48, abcba.

2:5c-6b

Walsh Jonah 2,3-10: A Rhetorical Critical Study 223, ABBA.

2:6ab

Begrich Gesammelte 145, cited in di Marco LB 37:52.

3:1 - 4:11

Radday CIA 60; ABA (countryside - town - countryside).

3:1 - 4:4

Lohfink BZNF 5:201-203, cited in di Marco LB 37:50.

3:1-2

Lohfink BZNF 5:201, cited in di Marco LB 37:50.

3:1-10

D. Christensen RB 90:262, ABCCBA.

3:1-4:11

D. Christensen JETS 28:136, ABCDEDCBA.

3:2 - 4:11

Radday CIA 60; ABCDEFGHGFCDEBA; r = -0.905; dual structure (part one in direct parallel with part two, 1:2 - 2:9 ∥3:2 - 4:6).

3:3-4:11

D. Christensen, JETS, 28:140, ABBA.

3:4-10

Wendland JETS 39:373-395; ABCBA.

3:5-10

D. Christensen JBL 104:217-231; ABCDCBA.

3:6b-

Simmons, The Book of Jonah, 50, abba.

3:7-8

D. Christensen RB 90:261-263; ABCBA.00

4:1-11

Wendland JETS 39:373-395; ABCCBA; D. Christensen JETS 28:137, ABCDEFFEDCBA.

4:2-11

Wendland JETS 39:373-395; ABBA.

4:5-11

di Marco LB 37:49; ABA, or inclusion.

Micah

1:2-4

Andersen & Freedman Micah 136-140; perfect symmetry in compound-complex chiasmus.

1:4a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 37:58; Watson CIA 126; abcba.

1:5 ∥1:13

Andersen & Freedman Micah 244; “chiastic and interlocking” arrangement; transgression...sins ∥sin...transgression.

1:6b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 37:58.

2:1 ∥2:3

Andersen & Freedman Micah 275.

2:2

Andersen & Freedman Micah 269; fields...houses ∥house...estate.

2:4

Andersen & Freedman Micah 281, 283, 287-288; chiasm with envelope construction; we, I ∥I, we.

2:6ab

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 37:58; Andersen & Freedman Micah 143.

2:9

Andersen & Freedman Micah 219, 322; syll. 8:5:5:9; chiasm of ̓etmûl & ´ôlām makes an inclusion.

2:10-11

Andersen & Freedman Micah 330.

3:2-3

Weiss BM 13:50.

3:6

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 37:58; Andersen & Freedman Micah 367, 372; yom...layla “make an envelope around the quatrain.”

3:9

Andersen & Freedman Micah 381; chiasmus here as hendiadys.

3:12 ∥4:2

Andersen & Freedman Micah 402; Zion ∥Jerusalem repeated; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 32, abba.

4:1 - 5:14

Renaud Structure 11-26, and Nielsen Oral Tradition 85ff., cited in di Marco LB 37:57-58; and CBQ 41:145; ABCCBA; Willis ZAW 81:191-214; E. Otto SJOT 5/2:119-150; ABCDEDCBA.

4:1

Andersen & Freedman Micah 395, 400; ABCBA. ∥Isa 2:2

4:1-4

Kselman, SBL Seminar Papers, 1980, 5-6, ABBA.

4:2

Andersen & Freedman Micah 399, 405; bicolon; Torah...word of YHWH the focus. ∥Isa 2:3

4:6 - 5:6

E. Otto SJOT 5/2:119-150; ABCBA.

4:6a

Andersen & Freedman Micah 431; bicolon; abba.

4:6

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 37:58; Watson CIA 124; CBQ 46:31-33.

4:8

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 37:58; Andersen & Freedman Micah 432; “janus colon” using one verb.

4:13a

Andersen & Freedman Micah 450; envelope construction; bicolon.

4:13b

Andersen & Freedman Micah 450; chiastic bicolon.

5:1-9

cf. Hartman Prophecy 63,69; inclusion?

5:2

J. Smith New Treasury.

6:2a

Andersen & Freedman Micah 512; chiastic bicolon.

6:4a

Andersen & Freedman Micah 512; chiastic bicolon.

6 - 7

Condamin Poèmes; ABBA.

7:2a

Andersen & Freedman Micah 564; chiastic bicolon.

7:3

Andersen & Freedman Micah 568-570; “an elaborate introversion”; ABCDCBA.

7:4

Andersen & Freedman Micah 571; chiastic interweave of pronouns.

7:6

Watson CIA 134-135; tetracolon; gender chiasm.

7:14b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 37:58.

7:15a

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 37:58.

7:16b

König Stilistik 145-146,171,301, cited in di Marco LB 37:58; Watson CIA 124.

7:18a

Andersen & Freedman Micah 596-597; ABBA, with envelope.

7:19b-20

Andersen & Freedman Micah 597; envelope construction.

Nahum (liturgical poetry)

1:1-15

Allan, Greater Things, June 25, 1992, 6, ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOONMLKJIHGFEDCBA.

1:2

Watson; link or anadiploid.

1:2-8

Becking, NTT 32:107-24, ABA.

1:2-11

Bliese JTTL 7/3:48-81; ABCDEFGHIHGFEDCBA.

1:2-10

Patterson & Travers Grace Theological Journal 9:45-58.

1:2-8

Becking SJOT 9:277-296; ABA, and ABBA.

1:4b

Watson

1:6

Bliese JTTL 7/3:48-81; ABCCBA.

1:8ab

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 37:58; merism.

1:9-14

Becking SJOT 9:277-296; ABBA.

1:12-13

Bliese JTTL 7/3:48-81; ABA.

1:14

Bliese JTTL 7/3:48-81; ABA.

1:15

Bliese JTTL 7/3:48-81; ABA.

2:2

Bliese JTTL 7/3:48-81; ABBA.

2:3-13

Bliese JTTL 7/3:48-81; ABCDEFGHIJKLKJIHGFEDCBA.

2:4 - 3:19

Becking SJOT 9:277-296; ABA.

2:4

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

2:5

Watson

2:12b-13a

Boadt VT 25:693-699; Watson CIA 127; ABBA tetracolon (lioness cub cub lioness).

2:13

Watson CIA 133; with gender-matched synonyms; double structure.

3:1-7

Bliese JTTL 7/3:48-81; ABCDEFGHHGFEDCBA.

3:1

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 37:58; merism.

3:8-13

Bliese JTTL 7/3:48-81; ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

3:8

Watson CIA 125.

3:8b

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 37:58.

3:14-17

Bliese JTTL 7/3:48-81; ABCDEEDCBA.

3:15a

Dahood in Fisher RSP I, II 23 f; ABA.

3:17-18

Dahood Biblica 52:343; cf Joel 4:11.

3:17

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

Habakkuk (liturgical poetry)

 

1:1 - 3:19

Walker & Lund JBL 53:355-370; ABCBA. Testa Messaggio 3:188-189, cited in di Marco LB 37:52; ABA; cf Albright YGC 221.

1:2-4

Andersen Habakkuk 105; ABCBA, or ABBA; in two strophes with equal syllable count; 106 “The integrity of the entire unit need not be doubted, despite the combination of a variety of poetic features.”

1:2

Andersen Habakkuk 104, 128; ABAB tetracolon, but with verbs (šiwwāʼʼezʻaq) and YHWH and ʼēleykā in chiasm.

1:2 - 2:5b

Walker & Lund JBL 53:355-357,361-362,366-367; di Marco LB 37:52.

1:3a

Andersen Habakkuk 104, 113; abba; chiastic nouns and verbs, tarʼēnî (>tirʼēnî) ʼāwenʻāmāl tabbî (cf Ps 10:14).

1:3b

Andersen Habakkuk 104; abba; wayěhî rîbû mādôn yiśśāʼ.

1:3

Watson CIA 125; abccb.

1:4

Andersen Habakkuk 104; abc:acb.

1:8

Andersen Habakkuk 114, 153; chiastic inclusion; cf 1:10a.

1:9b-10bB

Andersen Habakkuk 156; bicolon split and wrapped around three colons.

1:9a-11a

Andersen Habakkuk 155-157; complex chiasm (diagrammed).

1:10a

Andersen Habakkuk 138; chiastic inclusion of “and-he” ∥”to-him.”

1:12a

Andersen Habakkuk 174; names of God chiastic.

1:13a

Andersen Habakkuk 114, 172, 174, 181; abc:bca.

1:14-17

Walker & Lund JBL 53:362,367.

1:14

Andersen Habakkuk 174; two similes chiastic.

1:15a

Andersen Habakkuk 174; two complements chiastic.

1:15

Watson CIA 125.

2:1

Walker & Lund JBL 53:355; abccab; Watson CIA 125.

2:1a

Andersen Habakkuk 200; synonymous parallelism with chiasmus.

2:4-5

Schreiner ZAW 86:538-542.

2:5a

Andersen Habakkuk 218; two similar nouns in chiasm.

2:6-20

Walker & Lund JBL 53:355-370.

2:14-17

Walker & Lund JBL 53:363,368; 2:13b ∥Jer 51:58b.

2:19a

Andersen Habakkuk 252-253; ABCCBA chiasm at center of 5th Woe Oracle; 8:9 syll; 253 “more elaborate introverted structure (palindrome).”

3:1-19

Walker & Lund JBL 53:364-365,368-369, ABCBA, cited in di Marco LB 37:52; Andersen Habakkuk 261 (Diagram 1).

3:2

Andersen Habakkuk 275; 2 suffixed verbs ∥2 prefixed verbs, with běqereb “in the midst” twice at center.

3:3-7

Andersen Habakkuk 283, 289; ABCDCBA or ABCCBA chiasm or imperfect “introverted pattern” (diagrammed). Hiebert, “The Use of Inclusion in Habakkuk 3,” 120, ABCDCBA; Hiebert, God of My Victory, ABCDCBA.

3:3

Watson CIA 133; gender-matched synonyms expressing merismus; double structure (direct & chiastic).

3:5

Andersen Habakkuk 296; 9 colons with “symmetrical introverted structure.”

3:8a-15

Andersen Habakkuk 315; “a vast introverted structure.”

3:8-15

Andersen Habakkuk 325-326; ABCDCBA “introverted structure” of watery elements. Hiebert, God of My Victory, ABBA.

3:10-11

Andersen Habakkuk 331; chiastic names & appelatives.

3:16-19

Andersen Habakkuk 342; ABBA; Terror, Deprivation, Satisfaction, Confidence.

3:17

Andersen Habakkuk 347; chiastic.

Zephaniah

1:17

Watson CIA 162 n. 33; ABCAA pentacolon.

2:4-15

D. Christensen CBQ 46:669-682; ABCBA.

2:8

König Stilistik 145-146, 300, cited in di Marco LB 37:53.

2:10

König Stilistik 145-146, 300, cited in di Marco LB 37:53.

3:14-18a

Kselman, SBL Seminar Papers, 1980, 4, ABCDDCBA.

3:19

König Stilistik 145-146, 300, cited in di Marco LB 37:53; Watson CIA 124.

Haggai

Hag 1:1 ∥Zech 7:1

Meyers & Meyers Haggai 6, 381; month,day ∥day,month (first and last dates).

1:1-15

R. Smith; centering on vs 8 (Temple); prose-poetry-prose. Wolff, Haggai, ABCCBA.

1:1-14

D. Christensen in de Moor & Watson Verse in ANE 17-30.

1:4 ∥9b

R. Smith; abba.

1:12-14a

R. Smith.

1:15 - 2:9

D. Christensen in de Moor & Watson Verse in ANE 17-30; ABCBA, or ABCCBA.

2:2-23

R. Smith; centering on vs 15 (Temple).

2:2-4a

R. Smith; centering on glory of Temple.

2:17a

Meyers & Meyers Haggai 62.

2:6-9

R. Smith; centering on glory of Temple.

2:10-23

D. Christensen in de Moor & Watson Verse in ANE 17-30.

2:18a,cd

R. Smith; centering on Temple.

Zechariah

1:1 - 14:21

Payne in Strand Interpreting the Book of Revelation 81-85; ABCDCBCBDCBAABCDCBCBDBCA.

1:1-6 ∥7:4-14, 8:9-17

Baldwin Haggai 81; inclusion.

1:1 - 6:15

Bullinger Figures of Speech; ABCDDCBA.

1:7-6:8

Redditt, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi ABCDCBA.

1:7 - 6:15

Baldwin Haggai 85; ABBCCBBA; 8 prose visions with climax in 4th & 5th visions; Halpern CBQ 40:167-190; cf Butterworth Structure.

1:8ff

König Stilistik 145-146,172,300, cited in di Marco LB 37:57.

1:14-17

Baldwin Haggai 81.

2

König Stilistik 145-146,172,300, cited in di Marco LB 37:57.

2:6 ∥5:2

Meyers & Meyers Haggai 152; width, length ∥length,width (3rd & 5th visions).

2:12-13

Watson CIA 131; ABCCBA hexacolon; cf Ceresko CBQ 40:10.

3:6-10

Gächter ThS 8:553, cited in di Marco LB 37:56; abcba.

6:12

J. Smith New Treasury.

7:1 - 8:19

Baldwin Haggai 85; ABCBA.

8:9-13

Baldwin Haggai 81.

9:1 - 14:21

Baldwin Haggai; ABCDCBCBDBCA.

9:1 - 11:17

Baldwin Haggai 85; poetic ABCDCB (continued in 12:1 - 14:21).

9:5

Forbes SSS 38, abccba.

9 - 14

Lamarche Zacharie 105-113, cited in Baldwin Haggai 75-81, and in di Marco LB 37:53,56 (Deutero-Zechariah); ABCDEBEBBBEA.

9:1-8 ∥14:16-21

Meyers & Meyers Zechariah 54, citing Lamarche 1961:112-113.

9:1-8

Lamarche Zacharie 39-42, cited in di Marco LB 37:55; ABBA.

9:3-4

Meyers & Meyers Zechariah 99; two tricola with inclusion and double chiasm.

9:5

Forbes SSS 38; Lund CNT 41; Lund AJSL 46:107, and Alonso-Schökel DBS VIII:86, cited in di Marco LB 37:56; Weiss BM 13:50; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 37, abccba.; Lund CNT, 41, abccba; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 104, abccba; Davis, “Structural Secrets,” 239, ABCBA.

9:9-10

Lamarche Zacharie 45-46, cited in di Marco LB 37:55; ABCCBA. Meynet, Synoptic Gospels, 361, ABBA.

9:11 - 10:1

Lamarche Zacharie 51-53, cited in di Marco LB 37:55; ABBA.

9:11-12

Lamarche Zacharie 49-50; ABA.

9:17b - 10:1

Lamarche Zacharie 49; ABA.

10:2-3 ∥13:2-6

Meyers & Meyers Zechariah 54, citing Lamarche Zacharie 1961:112-113.

10:3b-9

Lamarche Zacharie 62-63; ABA.

10:10 - 11:3

Lamarche Zacharie 62-63; ABA.

10:10-11

Weiss BM 13:50; Lamarche Zacharie 62-63; Baldwin Haggai 81; ABA; Meyers & Meyers Zechariah 220, 222, 227; reversal of Egypt...Assyria ∥Assyria...Egypt.

12:1 - 14:21

Baldwin Haggai 85; CBDBCA (continued from 9:1 - 11:17).

12:1 - 14:15

Lamarche Zacharie 108-109, cited in di Marco LB 37:56; ABCBA; poetic Song of Sword at center (13:7-9); prose-poetry-prose.

12:10 - 13:1

Lamarche Zacharie 86-87, cited in di Marco LB 37:55; ABBA.

13:9b

Lamarche Zacharie 92-93, n. 2, cited in di Marco LB 37:55; ABBA.

14:1-15

Lamarche Zacharie 11,28,98-101, cited in di Marco LB 37:54-55; Baldwin Haggai 81; ABCDEDCBA; multistructure.

14:3 ∥5

Lamarche Zacharie 10-11; inclusion ∥14:12-15.

14:12 ∥15

Lamarche Zacharie 28,98-101, cited in di Marco LB 37:54; inclusion ∥14:3-5.

14:17-19

König Stilistik 145-146,172,300, cited in di Marco LB 37:57.

Malachi

1:2-5

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121; ABCBA; S. Snyman ZAW 98:436-438; ABBA three ways.

1:2

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121; ABBA; Hill Malachi, chiastic structure for disputation.

1:2a

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121.

1:2-4

Simmons, "The Book of Malachi," 62, ABCCBA.

1:5-14

Simmons, "The Book of Malachi," 63-64, ABBA.

1:6 - 2:9

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121; ABCCBA.

1:6a

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121.

1:6b

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121.

1:6c-7

Simmons, "The Book of Malachi," 63, abcba.

1:6c-7

Peter J. Leithart, "Chiasm in Malachi 1," First Things Blog, September 9, 2015.

1:7b

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121.

1:7c-11

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121.

1:12-14

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121.

2:1-9

Simmons, "The Book of Malachi," 65, ABBA.

2:6-7

Weiss BM 13:50.

2:7

Hill Malachi 211; ABCCBA; Simmons, "The Book of Malachi," 65, abcba.

2:10-16

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121; ABCCBA.

2:14a

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121.

2:14-16

Crandall, “Ancient and Modern Chiasms,” 2, ABCDDCBA.

2:15c-16

Simmons, "The Book of Malachi," 55, abcdcba.

2:17 - 3:5

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121; ABBA.

2:17b

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121; Simmons, "The Book of Malachi," 56, abba.

2:17c - 3:5

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121.

3-4

Jacobsen, "Chiastic Structure of Malachi 3 and 4,” ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA.

3:1b

R. Smith

3:1ab

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 37:58.

3:2-6

Simmons, "The Book of Malachi," 57, abcddcba.

3:6-12

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121; ABCDCBA; Hill Malachi 292.

3:6-7a

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121.

3:8b

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121.

3:10

R. Smith

3:11

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121; ABCBA Hill Malachi, chiastic structure for disputation.

3:13 - 4:3

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121; ABBA.

3:13

R. Smith; abccba.

3:13a

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121; ABCCBA.

3:16-4:6

Simmons, "The Book of Malachi," 60, ABBA.

3:19-22

Wendland Bible Translator 36:108-121; XYX; = KJV 4:1-3.

3:19

Watson CIA 128; = KJV 4:1.

3:23b-24

R. Smith; = KJV 4:5b-6.

3:24a

Watson CIA 162 n. 3; = KJV 4:6.

Hagiographa

Psalms (MT versification)

1 – 150

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 133, ABXBA.

1 ∥150

Introduction ∥Doxology to five books of Psalter; inclusion.

 

Book I J

1 - 24

Bliese OPTTL 4:265-321; “structurally marked peak.”

1 – 41

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 134, ABCDXDCBA.

1:1 - 2:12

Lund AJSL 49:293,297, cited in di Marco LB 36:58; cf Gray Forms 71-72.

1:1-6

Lund AJSL 49:294-295, and Ridderbos Psalmen 59-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:57,72-73; abcbca (‘alef-taw psalm); Vogels Biblica 60:410-416; ABCCBA; but ABAB in Willis ZAW 91:381-400; Chiera, AJSLL, 49:294, ABCCBA.

1:1 ∥6

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62; Mannati & de Solms Psaumes I, ad loc., and Lipinski Rb 75:336-337, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; ‘alef-taw inclusion.

1:1-5

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; Petersen & Richards Interpreting Hebrew Poetry 95-96; ABCBA.

1:1

Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

1:3-4

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

1:5-6

R. Smith; McCann New Interpreter’s Bible.

1:6

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Ridderbos Psalmen 58-59; Baldwin Haggai 76.

2

Auffret Literary Structure, cited in Watson CIA 145 as non-chiastic.

2:1-12

Möller Strophenbau 40-41, Lund AJSL 49:295-297, and Gächter ThS 8:553, cited in di Marco LB 36:58,63-64; but see Auffret, above.

2:2 ∥10

Lund SBR 47.

2:1-2

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

2:1

Ridderbos Psalmen 59-61, and Bühlmann & Scherer, Stilfiguren, 41, cited in di Marco LB 36:63,73; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 197, abccba.

2:2

Gray Forms 71; Ridderbos Psalmen 59-61, and Bühlmann & Scherer, Stilfiguren, 41, cited in di Marco LB 36:63,73; cf Acts 4:26.

2:5

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, Ridderbos Psalmen 59-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:63,73.

2:8

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

2:9

Gray Forms 71; Meek JR 9:527.

2:10

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

3 - 4

di Marco LB 36:58; centers on 3:9b.

3

Auffret ZAW 91:93-106, and ZAW 99:90-93; ABA.

3:1-2

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible.

3:1-8

Chiera, AJSLL, 49:298-99, ABBA; Lund, AJSM 49:298-99, ABBA.

3:2-9a

Lund AJSL 49:298-299, cited in di Marco LB 36:58; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

3:2-7

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:73.

3:3-4

Dahood RSP III, I i; “my life” ∥”my head.”

3:7-9

Welch UF VI:424-425; Welch CIA 10-11; =KJV 3:6-8.

3:7-8

Welch BYU Studies 10:69-84; Lund, AJSL 49:288, ABCCBA ABCDDCBA ABCCBA ABCDEEDCBA; Welch, thesis, b4, abcdeedcba; Crandall, “Ancient and Modern Chiasms,” 2, ABCDEEDECBA.; Haws, “Chiasmus,” ABCDEEDCBA.; King, “Chiastic Structure,” abcdeedcba.; Stout, “Apologetic Rhetoric,” 4, 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1.

3:7

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; J. Smith New Treasury.

3:8-9

Lund AJSL 49:299, cited in Dahood Psalms I:21; Lund CNT 34, cited in Welch thesis 10; Lund SBR 40; Dahood VT 16:302, cited in Welch thesis 35; Welch BYU Studies 10:71; Welch Chiasmus im Buch Mormon; di Marco LB 36:P58,63; Watson CIA 124;129, citing Auffret ZAW; tetracolon; cf Heb 4:16b, discussed in Buchanan Hebrews XXVII (n. 5),83.

3:8cd

Gray Forms 68; Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:72-73; abccba.

4:1-8

Chiera, AJSLL, 49:299, ABCBA; Lund, AJSL, 49:ABCBA.

4:2-9

Lund AJSL 49:299-300, cited in di Marco LB 36:58.

4:2-4

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:73.

4:2

Lund AJSL 49:287-288, cited in di Marco LB 36:58.

5

Gächter ThS 8:553, cited in di Marco LB 36:64; McCann New Interpreter’s Bible.

5:2-10

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61,127 n. 1, cited in di Marco LB 36:73.

5:2-3b

Begrich in Gesammelte 153, cited in di Marco LB 36:64.

5:2

Möller ZAW 49:248-249; double-duty substantive as pivot.

6

Gächter ThS 8:553, cited in di Marco LB 36:64; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

6:3-4

Lund CNT 34, cited in di Marco LB 36:59.

6:3

J. Smith New Treasury.

6:7

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:73.

6:9b-10

Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

6:10

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:73; Watson CIA 125; McCann New Interpreter’s Bible.

6:11

Watson CIA 127; ABA tricolon.

7:1-17

Van Gemeren Psalms 127; ABCBA.

7:4-5

Dahood Psalms I:42.

7:6

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:74; Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon..

7:7-8

Dahood Psalms I:44-45; following selah.

7:9-11

Van Gemeren Psalms 132; ABCCBA.

7:9b-10

Ridderbos Psalmen 37, cited in di Marco LB 36:74; inclusio.

7:10-11

Ceresko CBQ 38:305.

7:13-17

Watson CIA 145.

7:14

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:74.

7:15

Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

7:16

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:74; Watson CIA 125; J. Smith New Treasury; Limburg in Freedman ABD V:529; abba.

7:17

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, and Lund AJSL 49:287-288, cited in di Marco LB 36:59,63; Lund CNT 34; Dahood Psalms III:XXVI; Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:72,74; abccba; Watson CIA 124; cf Heb 4:16b, Ps 3:8-9.

8:2-10

Moulton Literary 53,70-71, cited in di Marco LB 36:62; Heidel Gilgamesh2 16; Muilenburg VTS I:104; Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; ABCDEEDCBA; Auffret VT 34:257-269; ABBA; Auffret, VT, 34:264, ABCDDCBA.

8:3

Lund AJSL 49:283, cited as mistaken by Watson CIA 136 n. 52; ABAB.

8:4

Lund AJSL 49:283, cited as mistaken by Watson CIA 136 n. 52; ABAB.

8:7-8

Whitekettle forthcoming 2005; ABBA; inclusio of primary & secondary taxa.

8:7

Ridderbos Psalmen 36,58-59, cited in di Marco LB 36:74.

9:6

Ridderbos Psalmen 36,58-59, cited in di Marco LB 36:74.

9:7

Dahood Psalms I:55; Dahood RSP III, I 331; emendation would destroy parallel.

9:15

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon; Choi cited in Lewis “Pivot Pattern” 45.

9:16

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, and Moulton Literary 51, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; Watson CIA 125.

9:19

Ridderbos Psalmen 61,68-69, cited in di Marco LB 36:74.

10:1-15

Gächter ThS 8:553, and Ridderbos Psalmen 61-62, cited in di Marco LB 36:64,74; ABBA; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; part of alphabetic acrostic Pss 9 - 10 (cf LXX and Vulgate).

10:2

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

10:9

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

10:11-12

Dahood Psalms I:64.

10:14

Andersen Habakkuk 104, 113; cf Habbakuk 1:3a.

11:1-7

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; ABCBA; Auffret ZAW 93:401-417; ABCDDCBA.

11:4

Watson

11:5

Ridderbos Psalmen 61-62, cited in di Marco LB 36:74.

11:5-7

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 101, abba.

12:1-8

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; ABCBA.

12:2 ∥9

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, and Ridderbos Psalmen 36, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63,74; inclusion.

12:2

Ridderbos Psalmen 36, cited in di Marco LB 36:74.

12:4-5

Watson CIA 127,129, 131; ABCDCBA heptacolon, or ABBA tetracolon (lips tongue:tongue lips) to express reversal of events; Klaus Pivot Patterns.

12:9

Ridderbos Psalmen 36, cited in di Marco LB 36:74.

13:6

Ridderbos Psalmen 36, cited in di Marco LB 36:60-61.

15

Watson CIA 145; Barre VT 34:207-211; ABCDCBA.

15:1b-5

Boys Key 105ff; Moulton Literary 54, and Lund AJSL 49:291-292, cited in di Marco LB 36:59,62; Chiera, AJSLL, 49:291, ABCBA.

15:2-3a ∥4ab

Lund AJSL 49:291-292, cited in di Marco LB 36:59.

15:2-3

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

15:2b-3b

Auffret VT 31:385-399; ABCDCBA.

15:3

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-59,61, cited in di Marco LB 36:74.

15:3bc

Lund AJSL 49:291-292, cited in di Marco LB 36:59.

15:3b

Watson CIA 125.

15:4

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-59,61, cited in di Marco LB 36:74.

16:2-11

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-59,61, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

16:9-11

Auffret BZ 40:73-83; ABCCBA.

16:11

Watson

17:1-2 ∥15

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, and Ridderbos Psalmen 36,60-61,161 n. 3, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63,75; inclusion.

17:1

Ridderbos Psalmen 36,60-61,161 n. 3, cited in di Marco LB 36:75; Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

17:2

Ridderbos Psalmen 36,60-61,161 n. 3, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

17:4-12

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; ABCDCBA.

17:8

Ridderbos Psalmen 36,60-61,161 n. 3, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

18:1-51

Radday LB 9-10:30; Radday in Gibboryahu, et al., Sefer Zer-Kabod 365; structure (∥II Sam 22:1-51; KJV Ps 18:Title-50).

18:2-51

Möller Strophenbau 22-27, cited in di Marco LB 36:64; Radday LB 9-10:31; Radday in Sefer Zer-Kabod 364; diction (∥II Sam 22:2-51; KJV Ps 18:1-50a); cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

18:2-31

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-61,169, cited in di Marco LB 36:75; inclusion.

18:3-6

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 103, abba.

18:4-31 ∥32-46

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-61,169, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

18:5-20

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-61,169, cited in di Marco LB 36:75; inclusion.

18:5-9

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-61,169, cited in di Marco LB 36:75; cf Hab 3:17.

18:6-7

Dahood RSP I, II Intro 4e; reversal of “mouth...lip.”

18:14

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-61,169, cited in di Marco LB 36:75; cf Shoors in Fisher, ed., RSP I, I:17 (f).

18:21

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, and Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-61, 169, cited in di Marco LB 36:75; Willis CBQ 35:153 n. 67.

18:25

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-61,169, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

18:31

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-61,169, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

18:34

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-61,169, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

18:39 ∥41

Dahood RSP I, II Intro 6c.1; inclusion (“distant parallelism”), obscured in II Sam 22:39 ∥41; II:348.

18:40

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-61,169, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

18:43

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-61,169, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

18:48-49

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-61,169, cited in di Marco LB 36:75; Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

18:50

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-61,169, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

19:1-2

Meek JR 9:523-550; ABCCBA.

19:2-7

Bullinger Witness of the Stones 4; ABCBA.

19:2-5

Dahood Psalms I:121 (2-3 ∥4-5).

19:2

Bullinger Witness of the Stones 5; abccba; König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Meek JR 9:530; Dahood Psalms I:121; Muilenburg EJ 13:673; and Ridderbos Psalmen 58-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:64,75; Durlesser SBT 10:179-197; ABCCBA; merism; cf ʿnt:III:21-22; Wyatt, Liturgical Context of Psalm 19, 587, abccba.

19:4

Bullinger Witness of the Stones 5; abba.

19:5-7

Bullinger Witness of the Stones 5; abba.

19:7

Bullinger Witness of the Stones 5; abba.

20

Gächter ThS 8:553, cited in di Marco LB 36:64.

20:2a(7) ∥10b

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; Muilenburg VTS I:104 n. 3; Ridderbos Psalmen 36,180, cited in di Marco LB 36:75; inclusion; selah at vs 4.

20:2-6c

R. Smith; selah at center (end of vs 4).

20:3-6b

Lund CNT 31-32; Lund AJSL 49:283, and Ridderbos Psalmen 36,180, cited in di Marco LB 36:59,75.

20:5

Watson CIA 132; merism, with inverted consonants.

20:6

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 99, abba.

21

Di Marco LB 44:63, abccba; Prinsloo, “The Psalms,” 381, ABCBA.

21:2-14

Gächter ThS 8:553, cited in di Marco LB 36:64; Auffret VT 40:385-407; ABCDEFGGFEDCBA..

21:2 ∥14

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, and Ridderbos Psalmen 36,61,184, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63,75; inclusion.

21:2-7

Auffret VT 40:385-407; ABCBAC.

21:2-5

Auffret VT 40:385-407; ABCDDCBA.

21:2

Dahood Psalms III:XXVI; Quintens Biblica 59:516-541; ABCBA.

21:3-8

Auffret VT 40:385-407; AB(A)/(A)BA.

21:4

Auffret VT 40:385-407; ABCCBA.

21:5b-7a

Auffret VT 40:385-407; ABCBA.

21:5

Auffret VT 40:385-407; ABBA.

21:6-14

Auffret VT 40:385-407; ABCDEFFEDCBA.

21:9-13

Auffret VT 40:385-407; ABCDDCBA.

21:9

Ridderbos Psalmen 36,61,184, cited in di Marco LB 36:75; Watson CIA 125.

21:10

Ridderbos Psalmen 36,61,184, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

22:2-32

Möller Strophenbau 30-36, cited in di Marco LB 36:64; abcdcba.

22:2-11

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:75; inclusion.

22:6

Dahood Psalms III:105; syllabic 8:4:8; cf Ps 109:14.

22:13-22

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:75; Swenson, JBL, 123/4:644, ABCDEDCBA.

22:13

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:75; Watson CIA 125.

22:16-18

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

22:16

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

22:17

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

22:19

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

22:23

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

22:24

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

22:25

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:75.

23:1-6

Bullinger Figures; Möller Strophenbau 22-27, and Ridderbos Psalmen 36,61,195, cited in di Marco LB 36:64,75; Freedman JBL 96:13; abba; J. Smith New Treasury. D. Lynn Johnson, PS, 2, ABCDEFEDCBA; Vanatter and Demke, Davidic Chiasmus and Parallelisms, 39, ABCDEFEFDCBAA; Carlston Discovering Chiasmus in the Writings of the Prophets 17-18, ABCDEFGHIIHGFEDCBA; Bailey, Paul through Mediterranean Eyes, 40, ABCDCBA; Christensen Psalm 23.

25:1-22

Boys Key 105ff;, cited in Welch, “How Much Was Known,” 62, ABCBA; Möller ZNW 9:252, cited in di Marco LB 36:64; abcdcba; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, and Ridderbos Psalmen 21,36,58-61,202 n. 2, cited in di Marco LB 36:63,75; acrostic; Bliese UBS Translation Workshop; cf also Lam 5, Ps 34, Prov 31 for same syllable count overall; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 121, ABCBA.

25:1-15

Bazak Poetics Today 6/3:475-502; triangles.

25:3

Dahood in Fisher RSP I, II:139 (precluding BHS emendation).

25:9

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible.

25:13

Watson CIA 134; double-structure, gender chiasmus.

25:16-17

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 98, abba.

26:1-12

Mosca CBQ 47:212-237.

26:1ab ∥11

Ridderbos Psalmen 208-209, cited in di Marco LB 36:76; chiastic inclusion.

26:1-8

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; ABCBA.

26:3

Ridderbos Psalmen 208-209, cited in di Marco LB 36:76.

26:4-5

Ridderbos Psalmen 208-209, cited in di Marco LB 36:76; double structure; Dahood UF I:26; Dahood RSP I, II 271; qtl-yqtl chiasm; cf UT 51:III:14-16.

26:9-11

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,58-59, cited in di Marco LB 36:76.

26:12

Ridderbos Psalmen 208-209, cited in di Marco LB 36:76.

27:5cd

Begrich in Gesammelte 145, and Ridderbos Psalmen 21,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:64,76; abba.

27:8

Ridderbos Psalmen 21,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:76.

27:9a

Ridderbos Psalmen 21,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:76.

27:10

Kugel Idea 19.

27:14

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, and Ridderbos Psalmen 21,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:63,76; Watson CIA 126-127; ABA tricolon.

28:4

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:76.

29:1-11

Möller Strophenbau 16-17, Lund CNT 98-101, Lund AJSL 49:306-309, and Hyland & Freedman HTR 66:237-256, noting that the Psalm is termed “Canaanite” by Cross and “Phoenician” by Ginsberg [reprint in Huddlestun, ed., Divine Commitment II:72-74] -- all cited in di Marco LB 36:59,65; Watson CIA 145; Freedman JBL 96:13; ABA; Auffret ZAW 99:90-93; ABCBA; cf Drijvers Psalms 232 (31-32 on Stufenrhythmus); cf also Ps 137 with same length and structure; Hos 8:9-13; Chiera, AJSLL, 49:306-7, ABCDCBA

29:1-2 ∥10-11

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, and Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60,221, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63,76; inclusion.

29:1-3 ∥9

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60,221, cited in di Marco LB 36:76; inclusion.

29:2b ∥9c

Freedman in Huddlestun, ed., Divine Commitment II:78; “envelope around the poem.”

29:5

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60,221, cited in di Marco LB 36:76.

29:6

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60,221, and Hyland & Freedman HTR 66:242 [reprint in Huddlestun, ed., Divine Commitment II:72-74], all cited in di Marco LB 36:63,65,76; abccba.

29:7 ∥9b

Freedman in Huddlestun, ed., Divine Commitment II:83; “inclusio or envelope” around 8-9a.

29:8

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60,221, and Hyland & Freedman HTR 66:252 [reprint in Huddlestun, ed., Divine Commitment II:84], cited in di Marco LB 65,76; chiasm of verb and subj; abba.

29:10

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60,221, and Hyland & Freedman HTR 66:253 [reprint in Huddlestun, ed., Divine Commitment II:85], cited in di Marco LB 65,76; abba.

29:11

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60,221, and Hyland & Freedman HTR 66:254 [reprint in Huddlestun, ed., Divine Commitment II:85], cited in di Marco LB 65,76; partially chiastic; abcb(a)?

30:2-13

Boys Key 105ff;, cited in Welch, “How Much Was Known,” 62, ABCCBA; Lund AJSL 49:304-306, and Lund CNT 119-120, cited in di Marco LB 36:59-60 (30:7-8 a late glosse?); Drijvers Psalms 235-236; Ridderbos Psalmen 37,224 (circulus gloriosus; 30:2 ∥12, 3 ∥13, 2a ∥13b; cf Ps 21), cited in di Marco LB 36:76; Watson CIA 137 (n. 10),145 (prelude + chiastic passage); cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Kidner Psalms 1-72, 4 n. 1, on Ps 30:8-10, abba.

30:2-4

Lund CNT 119-120; di Marco LB 36:59.

30:4-12

Chiera, AJSLL, 49:304, ABCDCBA; Lund, AJSL, 49:304, ABCDCBA; Lund, CNT, 120, ABCDCBA.

31:2-25

Möller Strophenbau 44-47, cited in di Marco LB 36:64 (cf Begrich in Gesammelte 144); ABA.

31:3-5

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,59-61,228, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

31:3

Dahood VT 16:302, cited in Welch thesis 35; di Marco LB 36:64.

31:6-7

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,59-61,228, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

31:10

Ridderbos Psalmen 58-59.

31:11

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,59-61,228, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

31:12

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,59-61,228, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

32:1-5

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

32:8

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

32:10

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

33

Mannati & de Solms Psaumes I:20, cited in di Marco LB 36:64; Bliese UBS Translation Workshop; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

33:1-2

Ridderbos Psalmen 21,37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

33:2

Limburg in Freedman ABD V:529; abba; cf. 137:5-6.

33:4-5

Ridderbos Psalmen 21,37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

33:8

Ridderbos Psalmen 21,37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

33:10-11

Ridderbos Psalmen 21,37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

33:16-17

Ridderbos Psalmen 21,37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

34

Bliese UBS Translation Workshop; chiastic, acrostic Psalm; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:181-192.

34:2-8

Bazak Poetics Today 6/3:475-502; triangles.

34:2

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77; merism.

34:19

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

34:22

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

35:1-28

Ridderbos Psalmen 21,60-61,208, cited in di Marco LB 36:77; ABBA; cf Weiss BM 13:47 n. 4; Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

35:8

Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

35:15

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, and Ridderbos Psalmen 21,60-61,208, cited in di Marco LB 36:63,77.

35:17

Ridderbos Psalmen 21,60-61,208, cited in di Marco LB 36:77; Watson CIA 125.

35:17bc

Begrich in Gesammelte 144, cited in di Marco LB 36:65.

35:18

Ridderbos Psalmen 21,60-61,208, cited in di Marco LB 36:77; Watson CIA 125.

35:19

Hibbard Psalms 64; Ridderbos Psalmen 21,60-61,208, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

36:2-5 ∥11-13

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; ABA, chiastic inclusion.

36:6-7

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible.

36:6

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

36:7

Alter Art of Biblical Poetry.

36:9-10

Dahood Psalms I:222.

36:9

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

36:10-11

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible.

36:12

Ridderbos Psalmen 37,60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77; Watson CIA 125.

37:1-40

Bazak Poetics Today 6/3:475-502; triangles.

37:1-8

Auffret SJOT 4:13-43; ABBA.

37:6

Kselman Biblica 58:219-223; Ridderbos Psalmen 59-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

37:9-11

Ceresko CBQ 38:305; acrostic; cf Lam 4.

37:10-20

Auffret SJOT 4:13-43; ABCCCBA.

37:14

Ridderbos Psalmen 59-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77; multistructure.

37:16-17

Ridderbos Psalmen 59-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 101, abba.; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 119, abba.

37:19

Ridderbos Psalmen 59-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

37:21-32

Auffret SJOT 4:13-43; ABCDEFEDCBA.

37:21

Ridderbos Psalmen 59-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

37:34-40

Auffret SJOT 4:13-43; ABCDCBA.

37:40

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; terraced.

38:2-23

cf Drijvers Psalms 242; ABCBA; non-alphabetic acrostic; cf Ps 145.

38:3

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77; cf Ps 72:11.

38:8

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

38:10

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

38:11a

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Watson CIA 124.

38:13

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

38:19

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, and Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:63,77.

38:20

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

38:22

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

39

Auffret Bijdragen 51:118-138.

39:5-6 ∥11-12

Muilenburg VTS I:104 n. 1; inclusion at selahs (39:6,12).

39:9

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

39:13

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

40:5

Forbes SSS 27, abcba.

40:7-18

Möller Strophenbau 36-39, and Begrich in Gesammelte 145, cited in di Marco LB 36:65 (cf Lipinski Rb 79:41).

40:7-9

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61,294,297, cited in di Marco LB 36:77; ababcba.

40:11

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61,294,297, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

40:12

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61,294,297, cited in di Marco LB 36:77.

40:13

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61,294,297, cited in di Marco LB 36:77; abacbc.

40:14

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61,294,297, cited in di Marco LB 36:77; Watson CIA 125; ∥Ps 70:2 ∥71:13.

40:18

Ridderbos Psalmen 60-61,294,297, cited in di Marco LB 36:77; Dahood in Fisher RSP I, II:78 (∥Ps 70:6ac), on 40:18ac.

41:5-11

Lipinski Rb 79:341, cited in di Marco LB 36:65; inclusion.

 

Book II E

42 – 72

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 135, ABXBA.

42:2 - 43:5

Alonso-Schökel JSOT 1:4-11; Möller Strophenbau 19-20, cited in di Marco LB 36:66; Alden JETS 17:11-28; ABCBAABCBA; Raabe Psalm Structures; ABBA, and CDEFEDC; but see Segal Tarbiz 6, ABAB.

42:2-11

Girard Psaumes; Raabe Psalm Structures; ABCBA.

42:3-12

Lund CNT 117; cf Muilenburg VTS I:104, on 42:6 ∥12.

42:6 - 43:5

Girard Psaumes; CDEFEDC.

42:9

Tournay Rb 79:41, cited in di Marco LB 36:66; emended.

42:12 - 43:5

Lund CNT 117, cited in di Marco LB 36:60; cf Muilenburg VTS I:104.

45:5a

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

46

Girard Psaumes; Raabe Psalm Structures; ABCDCDCBA, or ABCBA.

46:2-8

Tsumura AJBI 6:29-55; ABCDEEDCBA.

46:2-6

Weiss Biblica 42:288-290 (chiastic series = totality), cited in di Marco LB 36:66.

46:2

Weiss Biblica 42:288-290, cited in di Marco LB 36:66; Dahood Psalms III:XXVI; 4 beats, 9 syllables (twice); abccba.

46:3a

Weiss Biblica 42:288-290, cited in di Marco LB 36:66.

46:3b

Weiss Biblica 42:288-290, cited in di Marco LB 36:66.

46:4

Weiss Biblica 42:288-290, cited in di Marco LB 36:66.

46:5

Weiss Biblica 42:288-290, cited in di Marco LB 36:66.

46:6

Weiss Biblica 42:288-290, cited in di Marco LB 36:66.

46:8 ∥12

R. Smith; flanked with selahs.

46:10

A. Berlin Dynamics. ABBA.

46:10b

Weiss Biblica 42:288-290, cited in di Marco LB 36:66; Dahood Psalms I:282; II:115; Watson CIA 124.

47:7-8

Dahood Psalms I:286; Watson CIA 127; ABBA tetracolon (gods king king gods).

47:7

Watson CIA 162 n. 9; two successive aba monocola.

47:7ab

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

48:5-15

M. Smith VT 38:357-358; ABCBA.

48:11-12

Watson CIA 128; ABBA tetracolon.

48:12

Dahood Psalms I:293.

49:6-20

Casetti Gibt es ein Leben, cited in Gladson CBQ 46:114-116; ABCDCBA.

49:7

Dahood Psalms I:298; abba; Watson CIA 124.

49:13 ∥21

Muilenburg VTS I:104 n. 1; inclusion, with selahs at 49:14,16 (at the center).

50:6

Lund SBR 40.

50:12b

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

51:1-11

Ceresko CBQ 40:6, cited in Watson CIA 145.

51:3-4

Moulton Literary 51, cited in di Marco LB 36:62.

51:3

Watson

51:4

Jebb Sacred Literature §4, p. 53, cited in Casanowicz JE 9:521; Dahood Psalms II:3; cf 4QPsc.

51:5

Zogbo and Wendland, HPB, 226, ABCCBA.

51:5-8

Reynet RB 45:187-226; ABCCBA.

51:6

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 99,abba.

51:7

Lund AJSL 49:283, cited as mistaken by Watson CIA 136 n. 52; ABAB.

51:10-14

Reynet RB 45:187-226; ABBA, and ABCBA.

51:11-13

Reynet RB 45:187-226; ABBA.

51:18-20

Reynet RB 45:187-226; ABBA.

51:18

Reynet RB 45:187-226; ABCBA.

51:19

Kselman Biblica 58:219-223, cited in Watson CIA 132; with inverted consonants; Reynet RB 45:187-226; ABCCBA..

52:3 ∥10-11

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion; cf Auffret VTS 48.

52:3-4a

Dahood Psalms II:12-13; 4 accents, 10 syllables (twice).

53

Bullinger Figures; ABCDEEDCBA.

53:2-7

Auffret BZ 35:217-230; ABCCBA.

53:3

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; ∥Ps 14:3.

53:6ce

Auffret BZ 35:29-43; ABBA.

55:6

Begrich in Gesammelte 145, cited in di Marco LB 36:68.

56:2-10

Girard Psaumes; ABCBAC.

56:3-4

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible.

56:8-10

Girard Psaumes; ABA.

56:9

Dahood in Fisher RSP I, II:402; ABA; cf Isa 33:18.

57:2-12

Möller Strophenbau 17-19, and Gächter ThS 8:553, cited in di Marco LB 36:64,68; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; cf Ps 108:2-6.

57:2-4

Raabe Psalm Structures; ABCABCB.

57:2

Watson CIA 162 n. 9, citing Auffret Semitica 27:59-73.

57:6 ∥12

Muilenburg VTS I:104 n. 1; inclusion, with selah at end of vs 7; = Ps 108:6 (J).

57:6

Watson CIA 133 (=108:6); merism, with gender-matched synonyms.

57:8

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Watson CIA 162 n. 9, citing Auffret Semitica 27:59-73; = Ps 108:2.

57:9

Watson CIA 162 n. 9, citing Auffret Semitica 27:59-73.

57:12

Watson CIA 133 (=108:6); with gender-matched synonyms.

58

Lund AJSL 49:287-288,3-311– with v. 10 as ballast variant? (suggested by Watson CIA 137 n. 10); Welch Chiasmus im Buch Mormon; Watson CIA 145; Chiera, AJSLL, 49:309, ABCDEDCBA.; Lund CNT, 95.

58:2-12

Lund AJSL 49:287-288,310-311, cited in di Marco LB 36:60 (without 58:10); Lund CNT 95, cited in Welch thesis 6,23-25,69; Welch BYU Studies 10:74; cf 1QH v:9-10,28; 1 Aqht:148-150.

58:2 ∥12

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion.

58:6

J. Smith New Treasury.

58:7

Lund CNT 34; Dahood Psalms III:XXVI, II:XVI; inclusion; Welch thesis 69 n. 20; cf Heb 4:16b, Ps 3:8-9.

58:8-9

Dahood Psalms II:61-62.

59

Watson CIA 145; David Peterson New Era (Aug 1972) 40-43; ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

59:2-18

Peterson New Era 2/8 (Aug 1972), 42, ABCDEFGGFEDCBA; selahs at 59:6,14; Raabe Psalm Structures; ABCCBA.

59:2 ∥16-17

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion.

59:2-3

Raabe Psalm Structures; ABA.

59:2

Howard JBL 97:375-389; Watson CIA 119, citing Dahood Psalms II:67; pivot-patterned bicolon with silent stress; Raabe Psalm Structures; ABCBA.

59:3

Watson CIA 125; Raabe Psalm Structures; ABBA.

59:4-18

Raabe Psalm Structures; ABCDBACD.

60:4

Peterson New Era 2/8 (Aug 1972), 41.

62:1b

Watson

62:11a

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

62:11

Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

63:5

Dahood Psalms II:98.

64:11

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

65:11

Dahood Psalms II:115.

65:11a

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

65:12-13

Dahood Psalms II:116-117.

66:1-3

Ceresko CBQ 38:309.

66:4

Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

66:11-12

Dahood Psalms II:122; abba.

66:16-19

Auffret, VT 53/4: 439, ABCCBA.

67:1-7

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; ABCBA; Chiera, AJSLL, 49:289, ABCBA; Lund, AJSL, 49:289, ABCBA; Lund, CNT, 97; Prinsloo, “The Psalms,” 397, ABBA.

67:2-8

Boys Key 60; Beyerlin Im Licht; Möller Strophenbau 20-22, cited in di Marco LB 36:68; Lund AJSL 49:289-290, cited in di Marco LB 36:60; Lund CNT 97-98; Lund SBR 49-50; ABCBA; selahs at 67:2,5.

67:2 ∥7-8

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; Dahood Psalms II:127,129; inclusion; cf Muilenburg VTS I:104 n. 3.

67:5

Lund CNT 97-98; Lund AJSL 49:289-290, cited in di Marco LB 36:60; Dahood Psalms II:128; 3+2:2+3 meter; selah at end of 67:5; Greenstein JANES

67:6-8

Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 234, abccba.

67:7b-8a

Watson CIA 162 n. 9.

68

Gray JSS 22:2-26, cited in Watson CIA 145 as a questionable example of chiasmus; Lund leaves out vs 9; cf LePeau dissertation

68:4

Dahood Psalms II:135.

68:5-34

R. Smith; centering on 68:18-19, ascent; cf I Sam 28, and see Gray JSS 22:2-26.

68:5

Dahood Psalms II:136.

68:10

Gray Forms 71-72, cited in di Marco LB 36:68; a2bba.

68:13

R. Smith; cf Albright YGC 24; cf also 1QPs.

68:23

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; cf Albright YGC 24.

69:2-37

Auffret VT 46:1-29; ABCDCBA; cf Groenewald Psalm 69.

69:2a-6

Auffret VT 46:1-29; ABCCBA.

69:2 ∥4

Dahood VT 16:307, cited in di Marco LB 36:68; inclusion.

69:34

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; break-up of stereotype phrase; Watson CIA 125.

70:1-5

Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 119, ABBA.

70:2-6

Boys Key 104; Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63, on 70:2 ∥6.

70:6ac

Dahood RSP I, II 78 (= Ps 40:18ac).

71:1-2 ∥24

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion.

71:7

Watson

71:9

Dahood Psalms II:174; verb-prep phrase ∥prep phrase-verb.

71:15-16

Kselman, SBL Seminar Papers, 1980, 15, ABCBA.

71:15 ∥24

Dahood RSP I, II Intro 6c.1; inclusion (“distant parallelism”).

72:1-17

Kselman BASOR 220:77-81.

72:1-8 ∥12-17

Kselman BASOR 220:78; inclusion.

72:1 ∥15,17

Kselman BASOR 220:78.

72:1-14

Carrière Biblica 72:49-69; ABBA.

72:1-4

Watson CIA 128,145; ABBA – ABCCBA; cf. Kselman BASOR 220:77-81.

72:1b-4b

Kselman BASOR 220:78; 2ABCCBA; stichochiasm.

72:1-2

Ceresko UF VII, cited in Kselman BASOR 220:78; ABCCBA; di Marco LB 36:69; abba; McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; ABCBA; cf Freedman in Gray Forms (1972) XXVII.

72:1b-2a

Kselman BASOR 220:78-79.

72:2b-4b

Kselman BASOR 220:78.

72:7

Kselman BASOR 220:79; semantic-sonant chiasm, cited in Watson CIA 163 n. 42.

72:9-11

Kselman BASOR 220:77,79; ABBA “envelope”-strophe 3; syll. 18:12:12:16 for bicola (=8:10/7:5/7:5/9:7 for cola) show “intentional reinforcement”; note the rhyme of BB; cf Ps 22:29-31.

72:9

di Marco LB 36:69; abba; cf Freedman in Gray Forms (1972) XXVIII.

72:11

Watson CIA 125; merism.

72:16

Dahood Psalms II:184; 4 cola.

72:17b

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Kselman BASOR 220:77 n. 5, with double-duty substantive.

 

Book III E

73 – 106

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 135, ABXBA,

73:1-28

Auffret SJOT 9:241-276; ABCDCBA; Prinsloo, “The Psalms,” 399, ABCcba.

73:1 ∥28

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion.

73:3

R. Smith

73:4b-12b

Auffret SJOT 9:241-276; ABCDEEDCBA.

73:9

R. Smith

73:15a-28c

Auffret SJOT 9:241-276; ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

73:15a-17b

Auffret SJOT 9:241-276; ABCDEFEDCBA.

73:23-24

Dahood RSP I, II:430.

73:24-25

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 102, abba.

74:1-12

Lund CNT 112, cited in di Marco LB 36:61; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

74:14

Dahood Biblica 59:262-263; with vocative lamedh.

74:19

Dahood Psalms II:207; verb-object:object-verb.

75:5-6

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

76:1

Bullinger Figures; ABBA.

76:3

Watson CIA 133; double-structure, with gender-matched synonyms.

76:8-12

Auffret Biblische Notizen 84:5-10; ABCCBA.

77:2-13

R. Smith; with selahs symmetrically at 77:4,10; Auffret SJOT 6:92-122; ABCDDCBA.

77:3b-5a

Auffret SJOT 6:92-122; ABCDCBA.

77:9-21

Kselman cited in Auffret SJOT 6:92-122; ABCBCA.

77:11-16

Auffret SJOT 6:92-122; ABCCBA.

77:12-13

Auffret SJOT 6:92-122; ABCCBA.

77:14-21

Lund CNT 115, cited in di Marco LB 36:61; with selah at 77:17.

77:14

Dahood Psalms III:XXVI, II:XVI, 230; inclusion?

77:17-20

Auffret SJOT 6:92-122; ABCCBA.

77:19(20)

Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

78:4a

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

78:19

Dahood Psalms II:240; dbrmdbr inclusion.

78:20

Dahood Psalms II:241; 4 cola; M. O’Connor Hebrew Verse.

78:23

Dahood Psalms II:241; abba.

78:24

Watson CIA 125.

78:26

Dahood RSP III, I:268f; ABCACB.

78:29-30

Weiss BM 13:50; Watson CIA 127; ABBA tetracolon.

78:33

Kselman Biblica 58:219-223, cited in Watson CIA 125,132; with inverted consonants.

78:54

R. Smith; cf Albright YGC 23; cf also Ex 15:17 (E).

78:55

Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

78:56

Dahood Psalms II:246.

78:58

Dahood Psalms II:246; Watson CIA 124; cf Albright YGC 22; cf also Deut 32:16,21 (J), Ps 78:23.

78:67-68

Carroll VT 21:136; emphatic chiasm.

79:7

Dahood Psalms II:251; verb-object:object-verb.

80:5-20

Möller Strophenbau 41-44, cited in di Marco LB 36:68; abba; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

80:11

Dahood Psalms II:259; preceded by pun, followed by merism; Watson CIA 125.

80:16

Watson; break-up of stereotype phrase.

81:7

Lund SBR 39; Kugel Idea 19; Watson CIA 124; abccba.

81:17

Watson CIA 125.

82

Handy JSOT 47:51-66; ABCBA.

82:1 ∥8

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion, with selah at 82:2.

82:1

R. Smith; cf Jerusalem Bible.

82:1-8

Vanatter and Demke, Davidic Chiasmus and Parallelisms, 40, aabbd/cd/cd/cd/ceeffc/dc/dab.

82:1b

Prinsloo Biblica 76:219-228; ABBA.

82:2-4B

Prinsloo Biblica 76:219-228; ABBA.

82:2

R. Smith; selah at end of verse.

82:3

R. Smith; Prinsloo Biblica 76:219-228; ABBA.

82:4

R. Smith; Prinsloo Biblica 76:219-228; ABBA.

82:5

Prinsloo Biblica 76:219-228; BAAB.

83:1

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible.

83:2

Dahood Psalms II:XVI; inclusion.

83:12

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

 

J

84:5-7

Jebb Sacred Literature 55-56, ABCCBA, cited in Horne CISB 119-120; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 70, ABCCBA.; Jebb, “Scriptural Parallelism,” 172, abccba.

84:6-13

Auffret BZ 38:29-43; ABCDDCBA.

84:9

Howard JBL 97:375-389; ABBA.

85:14

Watson CIA 126.

86:1-17

Giavini RB 14:455-458, cited in di Marco LB 36:68; abcdedcba; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

86:1-16

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; Auffret VT 29:385-402; ABCDEDCBA.

86:12

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

87:3-7

M. Smith VT 38:357-358; McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; ABCBA.

88:1-19

Illman SJOT 5:112-120; ABCBA.

88:-19

Lund CNT 122-123, cited in di Marco LB 36:61; selahs at 88:8,11.

89

Boys Key

89:2 ∥53

Condamin Poèmes 36,165-166, cited in di Marco LB 36:69; inclusion.

89:3-5

Ceresko CBQ 40:6-9.

89:7

Dahood Psalms II:313; Watson CIA 125.

89:8-9

Dahood Psalms II:313.

89:28-37

Forbes SSS 40 abcdeedcba; selah at end. Bailey, Poet and Peasant, 61, ABCDEEDCBA.

89:29-38

Clifford HTR 73:35-48; ABCBA.

89:30-34

J. Smith New Treasury; Lund, CNT, 149, ABCBA.

89:31-35

Lund CNT 148, cited in di Marco LB 36:61.

89:34-35

Dahood in Fisher RSP I, II:Intro 5c.

89:34

Watson

89:38-45

Forbes SSS 41 abcddcba; selah at end.

 

Book IV

90 – 106

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 135, ABXBA..

90:1-10

Auffret Biblica 61:262-276; ABCDEEDCBA; Alter Art of Biblical Poetry.

90:1-2

Lund CNT 125; Lund SBR 39; di Marco LB 36:61; McCann

 

New Interpreter’s Bible; ABCBA.

90:2-17

Lund CNT 125-126; di Marco LB 36:61.

90:5-6

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; ABBA.

90:7

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 97, abba.

90:9

Dahood in Fisher RSP I, II:284; ABA.

91:13

Dahood Psalms III:XXI; reversed in KJV; Kugel Idea 19.

91:14

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 99, abba.

92:1-9

M. Tate Psalms; ABCBA.

92:1-8

Magonet Heythrop Journal 23:365-376; McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; ABCBA.

92:2

Muilenburg EJ 13:673; abccbd.

92:3

Watson CIA 125,133; double-structure, with gender-matched synonyms.

93:1

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Dahood Psalms II:340; abbc.

93:2-5

Dahood Psalms II:340; inclusion; centers on twin climactic tricola; cf Auffret ZAW 103:101-109, on structure of Ps 93:3a-4c.

93:4a

Dahood Psalms II:341; abba.

94:23

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

95:1-11

Girard Theology Digest 30:55-58; ABCDCBA.

95:1-7c

Riding ZAW 88:418, cited in Watson CIA 145; ABBA.

95:4-5

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 102, abba.

96:1-2 ∥12-13

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion; ∥I Chron 16:23-33.

96:13

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

96:16

M. Tate Psalms; ABCDEDCBA.

97:1 ∥12

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 62-63; inclusion.

97:6-7

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible.

97:11

Dahood Psalms II:362-363; syllabic 7:7:7:7; abba.

98:4-5

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

98:5

Ceresko CBQ 38:307.

99:4-9

Möller Strophenbau 47-49, cited in di Marco LB 36:69; ABA.

100:1b-2

Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

100:3

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible.

101:1-8

Lund CNT 101, and SBR 46, who is mistaken according to Kenik JBL 95:391-403, and Watson CIA 136 n. 6; di Marco LB 36:61,63; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

101:3-7

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; ABCDCBA.

101:3

Dahood Psalms III:4; syllabic 8:6:4:7.

101:7

Dahood Psalms III:6; 4 cola; Freedman in Goedicke, ed., NESWFA 197; di Marco LB 36:69; denial.

102:4-5

Dahood RSP II, I:28 (f); ABBA; comparatives.

102:4

Lund SBR 39.

102:8-9

Dahood Psalms III:14; 2 beats, 7 syllables ∥2 beats, 8 syllables; assonant chiasm.

102:13-23

Sedlmeier BZ 40:219-235; ABCABCBA.

102:16-23

Sedlmeier BZ 40:219-235; ABCBA.

102:20

Dahood Psalms III:19; syllabic 8:2:9, or 8:2:7; abba; Kugel Idea 20.

103

J. Smith New Treasury.

103:1-2 ∥20-22

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; Muilenburg VTS I:104 n. 3; inclusion; latent acrostic.

103:1-2

Moulton Literary 51, cited in di Marco LB 36:62.

103:7

Dahood Psalms III:27; syllabic 9:9; abccb; Watson CIA 125.

104:1 ∥35

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion.

104:14b

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

104:15

Dahood UF I:33-34; Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

104:15a

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

104:25-26

Uehlinger Biblica 68:499-526; ABCBA.

104:27-28

Dahood Psalms III:46; syllabic 9:7:7:9.

104:29-30

Ceresko CBQ 38:305; Watson CIA 130; ABCBA pentacolon.

105:1-45

Boys Key 105ff; Ceresko Biblica 64:32,36-39; “hinges on v. 23.” Ladd, And He Spake unto Me, 193, ABCDEFGHIJKLMNNMLKJIHGFEDCBA.

105:1-11

Ceresko CBQ 40:2-3, cited in Watson CIA 145.

105:1-6

Ceresko CBQ 40:2-3; Ceresko Biblica 64:30.

105:1-3

Ceresko Biblica 64:30: chiasm with inclusion.

105:2-5

Ceresko CBQ 38:305.

105:7-11

Ceresko CBQ 40:2-3; Ceresko Biblica 64:30-31.

105:16-22

Ceresko Biblica 64:32,41-42; ∥105:24-30.

105:16 ∥22

Ceresko Biblica 64:32; verb-object ∥object-verb.

105:17-21

Ladd, And He Spake unto Me, ABCBA.

105:18-22

Ceresko Biblica 64:32-33.

105:24-30

Ceresko Biblica 64:41-42, citing Clifford Biblica 60:424-425; ∥105:16-22; cf Gen 8:17, Ex 1:7 prhšr.

105:44

Dahood Psalms III:63; Watson CIA 125.

105:45

Dahood Psalms III:63; Watson CIA 125.

106:1 ∥48

Muilenburg VTS I:104 n. 3; Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion; ∥I Chron 16:34-36.

106:5

Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

106:9

Dahood Psalms III:69; syllabic 5:5; beat 2+2; cf Ps 107:4.

106:19-20

Dahood Psalms III:72.

106:23

Dahood Psalms III:73; Dahood in Fisher RSP I, II:7.

106:41-42

Dahood Psalms III:75; Dahood RSP I, II:7.

 

Book V

107 – 150

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 137, ABCXCBA.

107:1 ∥43

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion.

107:4

Dahood Psalms III:69,81-82; syllabic 5:5; beat 2+2.

107:9

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Dahood Psalms III:81,83; syllabic 9:9; verb-obj:obj-verb.

107:10-14

R. Smith

107:11

Dahood Psalms III:81,84; Watson CIA 125.

107:14

Dahood Psalms III:81,84.

107:16

Dahood Psalms III:81,84.

107:19

Dahood Psalms III:81.

107:32

Dahood Psalms III:XXI,81,89; KJV destroys this chiasm.

107:38b-39a

Dahood Psalms III:90.

107:42-43

Dahood Psalms III:90.

108:2 ∥6

Muilenburg VTS I:104 n. 1; inclusion; ∥Ps 57:8-12 (E).

108:6

Dahood Psalms III:94; syllabic 9:9, omitting we before ʿal; cf Ps 57:6,12 (E).

109:2-3

Dahood Psalms III:99-100; syllabic 9:9.

109:14

Dahood Psalms III:XXVI,19,99,105; syllabic 8:3:8; beat of 3+2+3, with “double-duty modifier”; cf Ps 22:6.

109:16

Dahood Psalms III:99,105; verb-obj:obj-verb, in second and third cola; Watson CIA 125.

109:30

Dahood Psalms III:XXI,109; abba; KJV destroys this chiasm; cf Ps 22:23.

110:4

Dahood Psalms III:118; oracle; ∥Heb 5:6, 7:17,21.

111:3b-10b

Scoralick Biblica 78:190-205; ABCBA, and ABCDEDCBA.

111:10

Dahood Psalms III:125; acrostic psalm.

112:2 ∥10

Dahood Psalms III:127,129; contrasting inclusion; acrostic psalm.

112:2-3

Dahood Psalms III:127; syllabic 5:4 ∥7, 7 ∥9.

112:4-5

Dahood Psalms III:128.

112:7-8

Ceresko CBQ 38:305.

113:2-3

Dahood Psalms III:130-131; Willis CBQ 35:153; Watson CIA 127; ABBA tetracolon; Choi cited in Lewis “Pivot Pattern” 45; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 98, abba.; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 118, abba abba., 233, abccba.

113:7

Watson CIA 125; abcbac.

113:8

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 205, abba.

113:9

Dahood Psalms III:130; cf I Sam 2:5cd.

114:1-8

Moulton Literary 59-60, and Lund CNT 110, cited in di Marco LB 36:61-62; Lund SBR 41; Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63 (combined with 115 in LXX & Vulgate). Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 157, ABCDCDBA..

115:1-18

Lund CNT 104-105; di Marco LB 36:62 (combined with 114 in LXX & Vulgate).

115:1a

Watson CIA 126; aba monocolon.

115:2-8

Beyerlin Im Licht; ABCBA.

115:4-8

Forbes SSS 36; Bullinger Figures; Lund SBR 49; ABCDEFEDCBA.

115:12

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

115:14

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Dahood Psalms III:142.

115:16-18

Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 153, ABCCBA.

116:1-11

Möller Strophenbau 116, cited in di Marco LB 36:69; ABA; cf bisection of 116 in LXX & Vulgate (see Ps 116:12-19).

116:2b

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

116:3

Dahood Psalms III:146; Watson CIA 125.

116:3a

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

116:12-19

Möller Strophenbau 116, cited in di Marco LB 36:69; ABA; cf bisection of 116 in LXX & Vulgate (see Ps 116:1-11).

117:1-2

Dahood Psalms III:152-153; shortest psalm (7th-6th cents B.C.?).

118:1 ∥29

Muilenburg VTS I:104 n. 3; Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion.

118:15-16

Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 228, ABA.

118:17-18

Dahood RSP III, I Suppl. 39; ABBA; tetracolon.

119:5-6

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; acrostic psalm.

119:15

Dahood Psalms III:175; Watson CIA 124.

119:79-80

Kselman, SBL Seminar Papers, 1980, 9, ABBA.

119:149

Dahood Psalms III:190-191; syllabic 8:2:8; cf Ps 109:14.

119:166

Dahood Psalms III:191,193; syllabic 8:2:8; cf Ps 109:14.

119:174

Dahood Psalms III:191,193; syllabic 8:2:8; cf Ps 109:14.

120:5-7

König JE 10:95, with epanalepsis; cf 4QPsc ∥Ps 120:6; lament.

121:1-5

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

121:1b-2a

König JE 10:95, with anadiplosis; cf 11QPsa. Viviers, “Coherence,” ABBA.

121:6

Lund CNT 108; di Marco LB 36:62.

122:1 ∥9

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion.

122:2-3

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

123

Grossberg Centripetal & Centrifugal; ABBA.

123:1-2

Jebb, Sacred Literature, 53, ABBA; Boys, Tactica Sacra, 3, ABBA; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 69, ABBA.

123:2-3

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

123:3a

Watson CIA 126; aba monocolon.

124:1-8

Grossberg Centripetal & Centrifugal; ABCDDCBA.

124:4-5

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Watson CIA 129; ABBA.

124:7

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Weiss BM 13:50; Dahood Psalms III:213; 4 cola; cf Ps 124:4-5; narrative. Winters, letter to John W. Welch, nd, ABBA.

126:1-4

Prinsloo, “The Psalms,” 426, ABCCBA.

126:2

Dahood Psalms III:219; cf UT 51:IV:10-11, Ps 105:43; abccb; Watson CIA 125.

126:5

Dahood Psalms III:221; Watson CIA 124; Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 205, abba.

126:5ab

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

127:1-5

Dahood Psalms III:222-223; opening, closing, and interlocking details.

127:2

Freedman, cited in Dahood Psalms III:223; with wordplay.

130:5-6(7)

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Ceresko CBQ 38:308; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

130:5

Dahood Psalms III:236.

130:7-8

Ceresko CBQ 38:309.

131:1-3

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

131:1

Dahood Psalms III:238-239.

132:1-10 ∥11-18

Kruse VT 33:290-281; ten verses in each half, and four strophes of equal lengths.

132:4

Dahood Psalms III:244; Watson CIA 125.

132:4ab

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

132:8

Dahood Psalms III:244.

132:13-14

A. Berlin Dynamics; ABBA.

132:15-16

Dahood Psalms III:244,247.

133:2-3

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Watson Biblica forthcoming

134:1-2

Simmons, Psalm 134, ABBA.

134:1-3

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion.

134:2-3

Viviers, “Coherence,” ABBA.

135

Boys Key 105ff, cited in Welch, “How Much Was Known,” 62, ABC(ab)DDC(ab)BA; cf Muilenburg VTS I:104.

135:1-2 ∥19-21

Muilenburg VTS I:104 n. 3; inclusion.

135:5

di Marco LB 36:70; abba.

135:12

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

135:15-18

Jebb Sacred Literature, 53-54,57-58, ABCDDCBA, and Horne ICSKHS2 II:457, cited in Welch thesis 107,110 n. 31, also cited in Welch, “How Much Was Known,” 58; Boys TS 1-3, abcddcba; Forbes SSS 35 abcddcba; Bullinger Figures; Lund CNT 37, and Lund AJSL 46:106, and Alonso-Schökel DBS VIII:86, cited in di Marco LB 36:62; Henry & Scott Commentary II:iii-iv; ABCDDCBA; cf 4QPsk, 11QPsa. Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 71, ABCDDCBA; Jebb, “Scriptural Parallelism,” 173, abcddcba.

136:1-26

Bazak VT 35:129-138; triangles.

136:1-3 ∥26

Muilenburg VTS I:104 n. 3; Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion.

136:1-25

Auffret VT 27:1-12; ABAABA.

136:10-15

Aufrett VT 27:3-4; hexacolon with multistructure; Watson CIA 137,143; ABAABA, litany with repeated refrain, with vocabulary, double envelope (vss. 13,15), and grammatical structural parallels, with hinge at v. 12.

136:21-22

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Drijvers Psalms 31 (Stufenrhythmus).

137

Auffret ZAW 92:346-377; ABAABCAB; Magonet Heythrop Journal 23:365-376; ABCBA.

137:1-6

Simmons, Psalm 137, ABBA.

137:1-9

Freedman in Goedicke NESWFA 188,203-204; di Marco LB 36:63; Freedman JBL 96:13, but cf Lam 1 - 4 (Freedman HTR 65:378); Watson CIA 145 (but cf Kellerman ZAW 90:43-58); cf. Ps 29 with same length and structure.

137:1

Dahood Psalms III:269-270; syllabic 7:4 ∥4:7; 3-2-2-3 meter.

137:1-2

Simmons, Psalm 137, abcdcba.

137:5-6ab

Freedman in Goedicke, ed., NESWFA 193-198; Freedman in Huddlestun, ed., Divine Commitment II:74 n 6; double chiasm; cf. Ps 29:6.

137:5-6

Dahood Psalms III:271; Zuck Basic Bible Interp; McCann New Interpreter’s Bible; ABBA; cf Pss 33:2,101:7; Ahn, “Psalm 137,” 284, ABBA.

138:1-2

Dahood Psalms III:46; syllabic chiasm; declaration of gratitude.

138:1

Dahood Psalms III:276; syllabic 7:10 ∥10:7; abba.

138:2

Dahood Psalms III:277; syllabic 7:10 ∥10:7; cf 11QPsa.

139:1-24

Holman VT 21:298-310, cited in Watson CIA 145.

139:1-3 ∥23-24

Moulton Literary 77-78, and Condamin Poèmes 36, cited in di Marco LB 36:62,70; Muilenburg VTS I:104 n. 3; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63; Krašovec BZ 18:240; Auffret VT 27:1-12; inclusion.

139:1

Dahood Psalms III:286; cf UT 77:38-39; Watson CIA 124.

139:3a-5a

Auffret VT 27:1-22; ABCBA.

139:4a-5b

Auffret VT 27:1-22; ABCCBA.

139:5 ∥9

Dahood in Fisher RSP I, II:Intro 6e; inclusion; II:538 “distant chiastic parallelism.”

139:5

Dahood Psalms III:288.

139:7

Dahood Psalms III:289; verb-prep phrase ∥prep phrase-verb; Watson CIA 126; Auffret VT 47:1-22; ABBA.

139:14-15

Auffret VT 27:1-22; AABCDDCBA.

139:16a-d

Auffret VT 27:1-22; ABCCBA.

139:19

Auffret VT 27:1-22; abba.

140:2

Dahood Psalms III:301-302; cf 11QPsa.

140:5

Dahood Psalms III:301-302.

140:6

Dahood Psalms III:301-302; selah at verse end.

140:9

Dahood Psalms III:301-303; syllabic 11:9; abccab; selah at end.

140:11

Dahood Psalms III:301-302,304; first 2 cola.

140:14

Dahood Psalms III:301.

141:1

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 98, abba.

141:5

Dahood Psalms III:311; first 2 cola.

141:6-10

Dahood Psalms III:309; 6 ∥10, 7 ∥9, as divided by Dahood.

142:2

McCann New Interpreter’s Bible.

142:3

Dahood Psalms III:317; abccba. Watson CIA 124.

142:5

Dahood Psalms III:318.

142:7

Dahood Psalms III:319; with repointed ma’ed; abccba.

143:1

Watson CIA 125.

143:1-3

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 100, abba.

143:5

Dahood Psalms III:324; Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

143:10

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 98, abba.

143:11-12

Dahood RSP III, I 139e; tetracolon.

145:1-21

Magonet Heythrop Journal 23:365-376; Bazak Poetics Today 6/3:475-502; triangles; Bliese UBS Translation Workshop; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:181-192.

145:1-2 ∥21

Muilenburg VTS I:104 n. 3; Liebrich HUCA 27:187,190, cited in di Marco LB 36:70; Dahood Psalms III:336,339; “interlocking inclusions”; acrostic; cf Pss 38, 136 (11QPs 145 has refrain after each verse).

145:2

Dahood Psalms III:336; with ballast variant.

145:10

Dahood Psalms III:336.

145:11

Dahood Psalms III:336.

145:11-12

Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 101, abba; Ceresko CBQ 40:6, ABBA.

145:17-19

Ceresko CBQ 38:305.

145:18

König Stilistik 145-148,171,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

145:20

Dahood Psalms III:336,339; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 99, abba.

145:21

Dahood Psalms III:336,339.

146:5

Dahood Psalms III:341.

146:5b

Meynet, Rhetorical Analysis, 223,

147:4

Dahood Psalms III:345; abccba; Watson CIA 124; cf Pss 46:2, 58:7, 65:12a-13b, Prov 3:10, 7:16, 8:21, 13:6.

147:8

Willis VT 29:465-480; tricolon.

147:12

Freedman, cited in Dahood Psalms III:347; partial chiasm.

147:14

Dahood Psalms III:348; participle - 4 accusative nouns - verb; cf Ps 81:17.

147:15

Kselman Biblica 58:219-223; Watson CIA 132-133; double structure: semantic-sonant chiasm, with gender-matched synonyms.

147:16

Dahood Psalms III:349 Watson CIA 125; Kugel Idea 19; Ps 147 divided in LXX & Vulgate.

148

Boys Key 105ff; cf Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:63.

148:8

Dahood Psalms III:354.

149

Liebrich HUCA 27:183 (n. 7),191-192, cited in di Marco LB 36:62-63; inclusion.

149:3

Dahood Psalms III:357; cf RŠ 24.252; Prinsloo, ZAW 109: 395-407, ABBA.

149:1-9

Prinsloo, “The Psalms,” 435, ABCcba.

150:3-5

Muilenburg EJ 13:673; cf M 1103-1742, 11QPsa; abcbca; doxology to Psalter and end of Book V.

151A:1 ∥7

Sanders Dead Sea Psalms Scroll 97 n. 14 (151 A = 11QPsa), in LXX and Old Latin; parallel refrains.

Proverbs

1 – 9

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 149, ABCXCBA.

1 - 31

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 149, ABXBA.

1:20-33

Trible JBL 94:509-518; ABCDEDCBA.

1:21

Watson; ABA.

1:25

Muilenburg EJ 13:674; Welch Criteria n.6.

1:26-27

Weiss BM 13:50; Watson CIA 128; chiastic tetracolon in climactic pentacolon; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 30, abba.

1:27a

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 37:61.

1:29-30

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 37:61.

1:31

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 37:61.

1:32

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 37:61.

2:1

Pardee VTS 39; ABCCDA.

2:2

Gray Forms 65, cited in Welch thesis 8-9; Watson CIA 126; abcacb; Welch Criteria n.6.

2:4

Gray Forms 65, cited in Welch thesis 7-8, and in di Marco LB 37:61; abba; Welch Criteria n.6; Pardee VTS 39;ABBA.

2:5

Gray Forms 65, cited in di Marco LB 37:61; abcbca.

2:7

Pardee VTS 39;ABCDB.

2:8

König Stilistik 145-146,171, and Gray Forms 67, cited in di Marco LB 37:61; abcbca; Watson CIA 125.

2:10

Gray Forms 67, cited in di Marco LB 37:61; abcbca; Pardee VTS 39;ABCBCD.

2:15

Pardee VTS 39;ABCCB.

2:17

Gray Forms 70, cited in di Marco LB 37:61; ab2:b2a; Pardee VTS 39;ABCDEA.

2:20

Gray Forms 67, cited in di Marco LB 37:61; abccba; Pardee VTS 39;ABCBCD.

2:22

Pardee VTS 39;ABCCBA.

2:26-27

Bullinger Figures of Speech; ABBA.

2:33

Barbiero Biblica 62:370-379; ABBA.

3:10

Gray Forms 67, cited in di Marco LB 37:61, abccba; Dahood Psalms III:XXVI; abccba; Watson CIA 124; Welch Criteria n.6.

3:11-12

Watson CIA 129, citing Wernberg-Möller JSS 3:323; ABBA.

3:13-18

Parunak JBL 102:545-546; with inverted hinge; cf Gen 11:1-9.

3:16

Bullinger Figures of Speech; ABBA; König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 37:61; Watson, JBL, 99:333; ABBA.; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 28, abba.

3:32

Barbiero Biblica 62:370-379; ABBA.

4:14

Watson CIA 125; abcdcdab.

4:22

Watson

4:24

Watson CIA 125; abcdcdab.

5:2

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 37:61.

5:5

König Stilistik 145-146,171, and Gray Forms 66, cited in di Marco LB 37:61; abccab.

5:16

Watson; partial chiasm with ballast variant; cf Weiden Livre des Proverbes 56 n. 137.

6:1-3

Ceresko CBQ 38:308.

6:9-10

Ceresko CBQ 38:306.

6:23

Watson; partial.

7:16

Watson; abccba.

7:21

Watson CIA 125; abcbca (with rootplay).

8:12

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 37:61.

8:20

Watson CIA 134; gender chiasmus; double structure..

8:21

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 37:61; Dahood Psalms III:270; abccba syllabic chiasm; Watson CIA 124.

8:22-31

Yee ZAW 94:58-65; A(BB)(CC)A; cf Dahood CBQ 30:512-521.

8:22-23

Dahood Psalms III:46; Dahood CBQ 30:516; syllabic chiasm.

8:23

Dahood CBQ 30:512-521; ABCABC.

8:30-31

Weiss BM 13:50.

9:7-12

Byargeon JETS 40:367-375; ABCBA.

10:2-3

Hildebrandt, GTJ 11:171-85, ABBA.

10:3

Bühlmann & Scherer, Stilfiguren, 41, cited in di Marco LB 37:61.

10:4

Jebb Sacred Literature §4, cited in Casanowicz JE 9:521; Dahood Biblica 52:351-352; Dahood in Fisher RSP II, I:48 f; Welch Criteria n.6.

10:4-5

Hildebrandt, GTJ 11: 171-85, ABBA.

10:6-11

Hildebrandt, GTJ 11: 171-85, ABBA.

10:10

Watson CIA 125; abcbca.

10:11

Watson CIA 134; double structure; gender chiasmus.

10:12

Dahood Bibbia e Oriente 15:253-254, cited in Watson CIA 134; Dahood in Fisher RSP; abccba; Watson, JBL, 99:333, AA; cf Prov 30:4,8b.

10:15

Watson CIA 134; gender chiasmus; double structure.

10:19-31

Garrett, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, ABCBA.

11:18-19

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 37:61; link; Watson CIA 128-129; ABBA tetracolon. Hildebrandt, GTJ 11:171-85, ABBA.

12:20

Watson

13:3

Koch Was ist Formgeschichte? ABBA.

13:6

Watson CIA 124; abccba.

13:14

Koch Was ist Formgeschichte? 114, cited in di Marco LB 37:61.

13:21-22

Dahood RSP III, I 264e; ABBA.

13:24

Jebb Sacred Literature §4, cited in Casanowicz JE 9:521; Welch Criteria n.6.

13:25

Watson

14:4

Dahood Biblica 58:219-223; Watson CIA 132; semantic-sonant ABBA, with inverted consonants.

14:8-15

Garrett, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, ABCDDCBA.

15:1-5

Thomasson 1986; ABCBA.

15:2-33a

Fokkelman Major Poems ??; center at verse 17 (“love/hate”); though UBrueggmann expresses skepticism at Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 5 (2004-2005), ??

15:9

Gray Forms 72, cited in di Marco LB 37:61; a2bba.

15:22

McEvenue Narrative 70 n. 61b.

15:25

Watson

17:6

Watson

17:25

Watson CIA 126-127; ABA tricolon.

18:6-7

Dahood in Fisher RSP I II:intro 4c (p. 78); II:458;Watson CIA 127-129,134; ABBA tetracolon (lips mouth mouth lips), with gender reversal and antithesis.

18:23

McEvenue Narrative 70 n. 61b.

20:9

Watson CIA 133-134; gender chiasmus.

21:7

Watson

21:13

McEvenue Narrative 70 n. 61b.

21:17

Jebb Sacred Literature §4, cited in Casanowicz JE 9:521; König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 37:61.

22:14

Williams Semeia 17:35-58; ABBA.

22:22-23

Andersen & Freedman Micah 266; quatrain.

23:10

Dahood Psalms II:318; Richter Exegese 110, cited in di Marco LB 37:61; Weiden Livres des Proverbes 139-140.

23:13-14

Watson CIA 130; ABCBA pentacolon; rather than the ABBA of Dahood cited in Ceresko UF VII:81.

23:15-16

Jebb Sacred Literature 53-54,57-58, ABBA, and Horne ICSKHS 2nd ed. II:456, cited in Welch thesis 107,110 n. 31, also was cited in Welch, “How Much Was Known,” 58 Boys Tactica Sacra 1-3; rejoice; Dahood RSP I, II 286; ABBA; Welch Criteria n.6.

23:23

Jebb Sacred Literature §4, cited in Casanowicz JE 9:521.

24:21-22

Ceresko CBQ 38:311.

25:6

Gray Forms 67, cited in di Marco LB 37:61; abcbcd; Watson CIA 125; abcdcdab.

26:6-10

Garrett, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, ABCBA.

28:1

McEvenue Narrative 70 n. 61b.

28:6

König Stilistik 145-146,171, cited in di Marco LB 37:61.

29:23

R. Smith; cf Mat 23:12, Lk 14:11, 18:14b.

30:1-4

Watson CIA 145.

30:2

Watson; partial.

30:4

Watson CIA 128-129; ABBA tetracolon (rhetorical questions).

30:19b

Watson CIA 134; gender chiasmus; double structure.

30:8-9

Multon Literary 51, cited in di Marco LB 37:61; reversed triplet; BoyKey to the Book of Psalms, 32, abba.31:10-31 R. Smith; centrally climactic, alphabetic acrostic (pe-ʿayin in LXX); cf Lichtenstein CBQ 44:202-211; ABCCBA; McCreesh RB 92:25-46; ABBA; Christensen, NAPH, 2001, ABCXCBA.; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 156, ABCXCBA; Garrett, Proverbs, Ecclesiates, Song of Songs, ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA.

31:19-20

Dahood in Fisher RSP I, II 305; Watson CIA 127,129; dual structured ABBA tetracolon (hand palm:palm hand); at the center of the acrostic in 31:10-31; Lichtenstein, CBQ 44:207, ABBA.

31:20-26

Christensen, NAPH, 2001, ABCXCBA; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 156, ABCXCBA.

Job

1 - 42

Gordon UL 132; Christianity Today 4:132; Welch UF VI:427; Shea Origins 5:9-38; cf Andersen Job 29-30,37,45; Fokkelman Major Poems; prose-poetry-prose structure (prologue, body, and epilogue); Webster, JSOT, 30:108, abbcca; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 142, ABCXCBA.

1 - 2∥38 - 42

Brownlee MQS 257; twofold trial by Satan ∥double examination by YHWH; Schniedewind How the Bible 166,179,193; prologue∥conclusion – prose tales added to the poem by priests in Persian period, or later; cf also 4:13 ∥33:14-15.

1:1-2:13

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 143, ABCXCBA.

1:16b-18

Ceresko CBQ 38:303-311.

3 - 27

Fokkelman Major Poems IV:334; short to long strophes in 3 - 14 ∥15 - 27 is chiastic 28-48 ∥49-28; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 144, ABCXCBA.

3

Freedman Biblica 49:503-508; inclusion.

3:1-2

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

3:6bc

Gray Forms 67, cited in di Marco LB 37:58; abcbca.

3:12

Watson CIA 126; abcacb.

3:14-19

Andersen Job 108; abba.

3:17

Gray Forms 71.

3:20

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

3:25

Gray Forms 72, cited in di Marco LB 37:58; a2bba.

4:2 - 5:27

Andersen Job 111; ABCDCBA; Speech of Eliphaz.

4:4

Gray Forms 72, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; a2bba.

4:17

Gray Forms 67, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; abccba.

5:21-22

Ceresko, UF, VII:82, ABBA.

6:4

Watson JBL 99:321-341; ABA.

6:8

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

6:12

Watson; rhetorical question.

6:15

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 121; abccb (qtl-yqtl sequence); Watson CIA 125.

6:23

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; Ceresko CBQ 38:305.

6:25-26

Watson CIA 127,129; ABBA tetracolon (words argue argue words) to express antithesis; Ceresko, UF, VI:83, ABBA.

7:3

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

7:8

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

7:14

Watson CIA 124.

7:18

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

8 – 22

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 144, ABCXCBA.

8:5

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 121; abccb; Watson CIA 125.

8:18

Watson CIA 125 (partial).

10:1

Dahood UF I:33; ABA (chapter 10 is a song of lament).

10:5

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59 (rhetorical questions); Watson CIA 125.

10:6

Watson

10:11

Watson

10:20

Ceresko CBQ 38:306.

10:22

Dahood UF I:33; ABA with 9:8:7 descending syllable count; Watson CIA 127; ABA tricolon.

11:4

Watson

11:6-8

Ceresko CBQ 38:308.

11:14

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 122; abccba.

12 -19

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 145, ABCXCBA.

12:4

Dahood UF I:33; ABA.

12:8

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

12:9-10

Watson; Ceresko, UF, VII:83, ABBA.

12:10

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 122; abccba merism; Watson CIA 136; chiastic inclusio.

12:14

Watson

12:17-19

Ceresko, UF, VII:83, ABBA.

13:6-8

Ceresko, UF, VII:84, ABBA.

13:12

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 122; abba, or abcbca; Watson CIA 125.

13:27

Dahood UF I:33; ABA.

14:6-7

Ceresko CBQ 38:309-310 (emended following Blommerde).

15:18

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 123; abccb (qtl-yqtl sequence).

15:30

Dahood UF I:33; ABA.18: 103, ABCDCBA.

16:15-16

Dahood RSP I, II 500α.

16:20-21

Watson; Ceresko, UF, VII:84, ABBA.

17:1

Watson CIA 124; abccba.

17:4-5

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

17:7

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 123; Dahood in Fisher RSP II, I Suppl. 1; ABCCBA; םלכ a verb.

17:15

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; terraced.

18:5

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

18:10

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; double-structure (direct & chiastic); Watson CIA 133; chiastic bicolon, with gender-matched synonyms.

18:11

Watson; double-duty substantive as pivot.

18:12

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

18:20

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

19:4-5

Cersko, UF, VII:84, ABBA.

19:9

Watson CIA 125.

19:14

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 124; abccba.

19:21-29

Galenieks, “Seeing God with or without the Body,” Journal of the Adventist Theological Society

19:25-26

Doukhan AUSS 34:187-193; ABBA.

19:29

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

20:2ab

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

20:6

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 124; abccba, with hyperbole; Watson CIA 124.

20:9

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

20:20

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

21:3-4

Ceresko, UF, VII:84, ABBA.

21:8

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 120; abcbac.

21:9

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 120; abba.

21:11

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

21:30

Watson

21:31-32

Watson CIA 127,129; ABBA tetracolon; Ceresko, UF, VII:84, ABBA.

22:28-30

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; Ceresko CBQ 38:310, on 22:29-30.

22:29

Dahood in Fisher RSP II I:3 f.

24:14

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

26:5

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 124; abba with 9:9 syllable count; cf Ezk 32:30.

26:13

Watson CIA 136; chiastic inclusio.

27:4

Andersen Job 38-39; abba.

27:5-7

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco

LB 37:59.

27:7

Watson CIA 125; Ceresko CBQ 38:306.

27:10-11

Watson CIA 127,129; ABBA tetracolon (Shaddai Eloah El Shaddai), with break-up of the “El Shaddai” expression; improperly bisected by NAB; link; Ceresko, UF, VII:84, ABBA.

27:16-17

Forbes SSS 37; ABBA; Watson CIA 127,129; ABBA tetracolon to express antithesis; Ceresko, UF, VII:85, ABBA.; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 29, abba.

27:16

Dahood in Fisher RSP I II:329; MT versus LXX.

28 – 31

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 142, ABCXCBA.

28:1-11

D. Clark TBT 3:349-405; ABCACBA.

28:2

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 125; abcbca with double structure; Watson CIA 125;133; with gender-matched synonyms.

28:3 ∥17

Condamin Poèmes 36, cited in di Marco LB 37:58; inclusion.

28:25

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

28:26

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; with ballast variant.

29

Webster JSOT 30:95-109; ABCCAB.

29:2

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; Ceresko CBQ 38:306.

29:2-25

Webster, JSOT, 30:96, abccab.

29:7

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

29:13

Watson CIA 134; gender chiasmus with double structure.

29:28

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

30:31

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; with ballast variant.

31

Fokkelman Major Poems IV:190; ABA with 26-32-26 cola in 2+3, 2+2+2, 3+2 syll.

31:4

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

31:9

Ceresko CBQ 38:310.

31:10

Dahood seminar 1977, cited in Watson CIA 134; double structure; gender chiasmus; Dahood 1977.

31:14

Ceresko, UF, VII:85, ABBA.

31:16-18

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 34, abba.

31:16

Pope Job 198; Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 123; abccb.

31:19-20

Watson

32 – 37

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 145, ABCXCBA.; Almendra, Central Enigma, 2, ABBA.

32:6-10

Ceresko UF VII:85, cited in Watson CIA 137,143-144; ABCDECDEBA; with prose intro in 32:1-5.

32:6

Watson; double duty substantive as pivot.

32:13-14

Ceresko CBQ 38:310.

32:14

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 125; abccba, or abcdcdab; Watson CIA 124.

32:17

Gray Forms 65-66.

32:21-22

Weiss BM 13:50; Dahood in Fisher RSP I II:394; Tawil Akkadian 167; abba; Ceresko, UF, VII:86, ABBA; Weiss, Biblica, 42:280, ABBA.

33:11

Gray Forms 72, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; a2bba.

33:12-13

Ceresko, UF, VII:86, ABBA.

33:14-30

Radzik, Alles uber Josef, 205, ABCXCBA.

33:20-22

Ceresko UF VII:86 (life soul sight sight soul life); Watson CIA 131; ABCCBA hexacolon.

33:22

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

33:31-33

Ceresko, UF, VII:86, ABBA.

34:1

Watson

34:2-3

Watson CIA 129; ABBA, sonant chiastic tetracolon; Ceresko, UF, VII:87.

34:6

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 125; abba.

34:28

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

34:35-36

Ceresko, UF, VII:87, ABBA.

34:37

Watson CIA 126-127; ABA tricolon.

36:3

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 126; Dahood RSP III, I:26i, citing Myers Festschrift 126;Watson CIA 124; bicolon.

36:12

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 126; abba.

36:14

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

37:3

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 127; abba; Dahood UHP 74; Watson CIA 124; cf Schoors in Fisher RSP I I:18; merism.

37:4-5

Ceresko, UF, VII:87, ABBA.

37:13-17

Ceresko CBQ 38:310.

38 – 42

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 146, ABCXCBA.

38:5-6

Ceresko, UF, VII:87, ABBA.

38:16-17

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59 (series of four rhetorical questions).

38:22

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59 (rhetorical questions).

38:25

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59 (rhetorical questions).

38:38

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

38:39 - 39:30

Miller ZAW 103:418-421; AABCCBAA (Animal Discourse).

39:1-2

Dahood UF I:35; Dahood in Fisher RSP I, II 223; cf ʿnt III:23-24, and 601:6-7 (CTA 3 and 601).

39:5

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

39:6

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 127; abccb; Watson CIA 125.

39:8

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 128; abba; merism.

40:10

Zogbo and Wendland, HPB, 83-84, abba.

40:10-12

Ceresko CBQ 38:308; ABBA (emended following Dahood).

40:25

König Stilistik 145-148,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

41:5

Dahood in Fisher RSP I II:142.

41:7

Dahood in Bream Light unto My Path 128; abba.

Song of Songs

1 - 8

Exum ZAW 85:46-79; Shea ZAW 92:378-396 (ABCCBA);

 

Webster JSOT 22:73-93 (ABCBA); Dorsey JSOT 46:81-96;

 

Christensen, NAPH, 2001, ABCXCBA; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 154, ABXBA., 157, ABCXCBA.

1:1-8

Grossberg Centripetal and Centrifugal Structure; ABCCBA.

1:2 - 2:6 ∥8:4-14

Exum ZAW 85:74,76-77 (1:6-7 = 8:11-13); Pope Song 46, citing Exum; cf Kessler Some Poetical 49, and passim.

1:2-3

Gerleman Hohelied 56, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

1:4

Watson CIA 125.

1:5-11

Exum ZAW 85:72-73.

1:5-6

Krinetzki Hohe Lied 74, cited in di Marco LB 37:60; Exum ZAW 85:71.

1:6-7 ∥8:11-13

Exum ZAW 85:49; chiastic inclusion.

1:6ab

Krinetzki Hohe Lied 74 (alliteration), cited in di Marco LB 37:60.

1:6de

Krinetzki Hohe Lied 74, cited in di Marco LB 37:60.

1:11

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

1:15

Watson CIA 162 n. 9; = 4:1.

2:1-3

Könnig Stilistik 302, and Krinetzki Hohe Lied 74, cited in di Marco LB 37:60.

2:3-8:5

Landy, Paradoxes of ParadiseABBA, ABCBA.

2:3cd

Gray Forms 72, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

2:7 - 3:5 ∥5:2 - 6:3

Exum ZAW 85:49,56-59; Pope Song 46; chiastic inclusion.

2:7 - 3:5

Exum ZAW 85:53-54; inclusion.

2:8c-17

Exum ZAW 85:54-55,57,63.

2:10-13

Krinetzki Hohe Lied 74,126, cited in Exum ZAW 85:53-54.

2:12

Gray Forms 72, cited in di Marco LB 37:59; Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

2:14

Exum ZAW 85:54; Watson CIA 127,129; ABBA tetracolon (face voice voice face); a refrain; Wendland JTTL 7:13-59; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 28, abba.

3-6

Christensen, NAPH, 2001, ABCXCBA.

2:16a ∥6:3a

Exum ZAW 85:58.

3 – 6

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 157, ABCXCBA.

3:1-4

Landy, Paradoxes of Paradise, ABCBXBCBA, ABCBA.

3:3c

Exum ZAW 85:55; chiastic?

3:6 - 5:1 ∥6:4 - 8:3

Exum ZAW 85:61,65-70; Pope Song 46; abcdefcbafed.

3:6 - 4:3 ∥6:4-10

Exum ZAW 85:68-69; abccba.

3:10e-11b

Krinetzki Hohe Lied 74,154 (citing Kayser Das Sprachliche Kunstwerk 116), cited in di Marco LB 37:60-61.

3:11

Krinetzki Hohe Lied 74,300-301, cited in Exum ZAW 85:62 n. 40, and di Marco LB 37:60.

4:1-5

Exum ZAW 85:63; inclusion?

4:1

Watson CIA 162 n. 9; = 1:15.

4:1- 7:10

Landy, Paradoxes of Paradise, ABCBA.

4:3ab

Krinetzki Hohe Lied 74, and Gerleman Hohelied 56, cited in di Marco LB 37:59-60.

4:4-5 ∥7:3d-5

Exum ZAW 85:67.

4:9-5:7

Christensen, NAPH, 2001, ABCXCBA; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 157-58, ABCXCBA.

4:10 - 6:3

Exum ZAW 85:60; inclusion.

4:12

Watson CIA 126; ABA tricolon.

4:14

Exum ZAW 85:64.

5:4 - 7:10

Barbiero Biblica 78:174-181; ABCBCA.

5:6ab

Krinetzki Hohe Lied 74, cited in di Marco LB 37:60.

6:2-11

Landy JBL 98:513-528; ABCCBA.

6:2-12

Landy, Paradoxes of Paradise, ABCBA.

6:3

Watson CIA 162 n. 3; abccba.

6:8-9

Wendland JTTL 7:13-59.

7:7

Watson CIA 134; gender chiasmus; double structure.

7:11

Gerleman Hohelied 56, cited in di Marco LB 37:59.

7:14ab

Krinetzki Hohe Lied 74, cited in di Marco LB 37:60.

8:1-7

Landy, Paradoxes of Paradise, ABCDCBA.

Ruth

1 - 4

Radday Biblica 27-28:6-13 (ABCDCBA); Radday BM 20-21:54-55; Radday LB 27-28:7-9; Campbell Ruth 13-16,19,57,142, 166,169; Radday CIA 71,73-76, citing Campbell Ruth 15, who cites Bertman JBL 84:165-168; ABBA, ABCCBA, or ABCDEFGGFEBCDA; centering on 3:1-3; Di Marco LB 36:50-51; Trible Soundings 59:251-279; Radday & Welch BM 77:181-183 (ABCDCBA, or ABCBA); Gow TBT 35:309-320 (ABCDEDCBA, and ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA); Hongisto AUSS 23:19-28 (ABCDEFGHIJIHGFEDCBA); multistructural array; cf Bar-Efrat VT 30:154-173; Christensen, NAPH, 2001, ABCXCBA; Fokkelman, RBN, 213, ABBA.; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 154, ABXBA., 155, ABCXCBA.

1 ∥4

Radday & Welch BM 77:183; ABCDCDBA.

1:1 - 4:22

Luter & Rigsby JETS 39:15-28; ABCDCBA.

1:1 - 4:17

Criswell Believer’s Study Bible; ABCCBA.

1:1,4-5,19-21∥4:1-17

Campbell Ruth 14-15,56,79,164,166,169; inclusio

 

(frame) openers are closed at end.

1:1-22

Radday CIA 71-72; ABA; multistructure; Radday & Welch BM 77:183-184; ABBA; Hongisto AUSS 23:19-28; ABCDEFGFEDCBA.

1:1-7

Radday CIA 72; Radday & Welch BM 77:183; Trible Soundings 59:253; inclusion and “ring structure”; ABCDCBA.

1:1-5

Campbell Ruth 57.

1:2,5 ∥4:9

Campbell Ruth 14,151; chiastic reversal of Malon & Kilyon (pseudo-correction eliminates this in some MSS).

1:2 ∥7

Campbell Ruth 149; incluson.

1:3 ∥5

Campbell Ruth 14,56-57; reversal of “husbands” ∥”boys”.

1:6-7b

Gow, Bible Translator, 35/3, 310, ABBA.

1:6-22

Luter & Rigsby JETS 39:15-28; ABCDCBA.

1:6 ∥22

Campbell Ruth 79; inclusio of “return from the Moab plateau.”

1:8-21

Trible in Gros Louis Literary Interpretations 161-190; ABBA.

1:8 ∥17

Campbell Ruth 8; inclusio of YHWH.

1:8-14

Radday & Welch BM 77:184; ABA.

1:8 ∥12

Campbell Ruth 14,64; reversal of “go” ∥”return”.

1:8-9a

Trible Soundings 59:254-255; Trible in Freedman, ed., ABD V:843-844; ABCBA.

1:9-10 ∥14

Campbell Ruth 14,66,71-72; Trible Soundings 59:255; double chiastic structure; reversal of “kiss” ∥”lament,” and inclusio of “raised voices and wept.”

1:14-18

Radday & Welch BM 77:184; ABCDCBA.

1:15

R. Smith

1:16-18

Radday CIA 72; ABCBA.

1:16-17

Hongisto AUSS 23:19-28; ABCCBA.

1:17 ∥3:13

Campbell Ruth 126; reversal of oath formulae.

1:19-22

Radday CIA 72; Radday & Welch BM 77:184; ABCBA.

1:20-21b

Campbell Ruth 14; Trible Soundings 59:258-259; Trible in Freedman, ed., ABD V:844; reversal of Shadday ∥YHWH; ABBA.

1:20c-21

Trible in Gros Louis Literary Interpretations 161-190; ABBA.

1:21 ∥3:17

Campbell Ruth 13,83,129-130,138; inclusio of “empty” around two central acts of story.

1:22b-2:23

Gow, Bible Translator,35/3, 314, ABCDXDCBA.

2 - 3

Radday & Welch BM 77:183; dramatic chiasm; ABCCBA; Christensen, NAPH, 2001, ABCXCBA.; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 155, ABCXCBA.

2:1-23

Campbell Ruth 109-112; Radday CIA 71-73; Radday & Welch BM 77:184-185; Trible Soundings 59:264-265; Luter & Rigsby JETS 39:15-28 (ABCDDCB A); multistructural ABA, with numerous key-word links. Luter & Rigsby, BBR, 1993, 53, ABCDDCBA

2:1-22

Prinsloo VT 30:330-341; ABCBA.

2:1-3

Radday CIA 72; Radday & Welch BM 77:184; ABCBA.

2:7-17

Radday CIA 72-73; ABCDEFGGFEDCBA.

2:8-22

Campbell Ruth 105-108; series of inclusions within inclusions.

2:8-12 ∥3:10-13

Campbell Ruth 15; reversal of “stay” ∥”blessing.”

2:14 ∥18

Campbell Ruth 105; reversal of “satisfied” ∥”left over.”

2:17-23

Radday CIA 73; Radday & Welch BM 77:185; inclusion ABCBCA.

3:1-18

Campbell Ruth 130-132; Prinsloo VT 30:330-341; ABA; Radday CIA 71,73-74; Radday & Welch BM 77:185; multistructural ABA, with key-word knit; Luter & Rigsby JETS 39:15-28 ABCDDCBA; Gow, Bible Translator, 35/3 315, ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA.

3:1-5

Radday CIA 74; Radday & Welch BM 77:185; ABCDCBA.

3:6-14a

Radday CIA 73-74; Radday & Welch BM 77:185; ABCDDCBA, or ABCCBA.

3:13

Trible Soundings 59:269; Trible in Freedman, ed., ABD V:844; ABBA.

3:14b-18

Radday CIA 74; Radday & Welch BM 77:185; ABCBA.

3:15 - 4:1

Campbell Ruth 141; ABA.

3:18

Trible in Gros Louis Literary Interpretations 161-190; ABBA.

4:1-12

Luter & Rigsby JETS 39:15-28; ABCDEDCBA.

4:1-11a

Radday CIA 74-75; Radday & Welch BM 77:186; ABCDECEDBA.

4:1-11b

Gow, Bible Translator, 35/3, 317, ABCDEDCBA.

4:3b

Trible Soundings 59:272;Trible in Gros Louis Literary Interpretations 161-190; ABBA.

4:5a

Trible Soundings 59:272;Trible in Gros Louis Literary Interpretations 161-190; ABBA.

4:5 ∥10

Campbell Ruth 160: reversal of “buy” ∥”Ruth the Moabite.”

4:6

Campbell Ruth 149; Trible Soundings 59:273; inclusio at denouement.

4:7

Campbell Ruth 149; inclusio.

4:9-10

Trible in Gros Louis Literary Interpretations 161-190; ABBA.

4:9-11

Campbell Ruth 14,152; Trible Soundings 59:274; ABBA; reversal of “elders” ∥”people,” around “you are witnesses” in vss 9 & 10.

4:11-17

Campbell Ruth 166; ABBA.

4:11b-12

Radday CIA 74-75; Radday & Welch BM 77:186; Trible Soundings 59:275; ABCDCAB; Trible in Gros Louis Literary Interpretations 161-190; ABCCBA.

4:13-16

Radday CIA 75; Radday & Welch BM 77:186; ABA.

4:17-22

Radday CIA 75; Radday & Welch BM 77:186; ABA.

Lamentations (alphabetic acrostics)

1_4

Christensen, NPAH, 2001, ABCXCBA.

 

Gottwald Int 9:330; centrally climactic chiasms

 

throughout.

1 – 5

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 154, ABXBA, 164, ABCXCBA.

1 & 2

Condamin JTS 7:137-140, cited in Lundbom Jeremiah 72 (n. 27),143 (n. 181); recognizing key-word chiasms (95).

1:1-22

Condamin; centrally climactic; cf Weiss & Hillers at 1:11-12.

1:1

Hillers Lamentations 18; tricolon.

1:5ab

Begrich in Gesammelte 145, cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

1:11-12

Weiss BM 13:47; cf Hillers Lamentations 25-26, “climax of pathos.”

1:16

König Stilistik 302 (anadiploid), cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

1:22ef

Begrich in Gesammelte 145, cited in di Marco LB 36:90.

2:1-22

Condamin JTS 7:137-140; Watson CIA 145; centrally climactic pe-ʿayin acrostic.

2:1-4

Kselman SBL Seminar Papers 5:1-16; ABCCBA, or ABCDCBA.

2:2

Freedman in Gray Forms XIII (abbc), cited in di Marco LB 36:89.

2:3c

R. Smith; cf Dahood in Fisher RSP I II:24 f “fire” ∥”flame.”

2:4

Watson CIA 131; hexacolon.

2:10

Freedman in Gray Forms 2nd ed. XIV.

2:12-4:11

Christensen, NAPH, 2001, ABCXCBA; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 164, ABCXCBA.

2:21

Watson

3:1-66

R. Smith; centrally climactic (ki); pe-ʿayin acrostic.

3:2

Freedman in Gray Forms LV, cited in di Marco LB 36:89.

3:7

Watson; ABA.

3:22

Kselman Biblica 58:219-223; Watson CIA 125,132; semantic-sonant chiasm; abcbca.

3:56a

Freedman HTR 65:384.

4:1-22

R. Smith; centrally climactic; pe-ʿayin acrostic.

5:1-22

R. Smith; centrally climactic; latent acrostic.

5:3

Freedman in Gray Forms LV n. 7.

5:21

Watson CIA 124.

Ecclesiastes (Qohelet)

1 – 12

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 154, 160, ABXBA, 162, ABCXCBA.

1: - 12:8

Lohfink, cited by J. Crenshaw in Freedman, ed., ABD, II:273-274

1:2

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:62.

1:4-11

Glasser Proces 23-24, cited in di Marco LB 37:62.

1:6

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:62.

2:10

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:62; merism.

3:1

Watson; merism.

3:2-7

Loader ZAW 81:240-242, cited in Watson CIA 137,144; ABBAC.

3:8

Loader ZAW 81:240-242; Watson CIA 144; chiastic bicolon.

3:18b

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:62.

4:14

Watson

5:9 - 6:9

Fredericks JBL 108:17-35; ABCCBA.

5:14

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:62.

5:18-12:14

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 162, ABCXCBA.

7:1a

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:62; Kselman Biblica 58:219-223; Watson CIA 132,162 n. 3; semantic-sonant; abccba.

8:5b-6c

Watson CIA 135; chiastic inclusio.

8:11ab

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:62.

8:12a

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172,300-301, cited in di Marco LB 37:62.

8:14

Liberatore, Chiasmus, The Book of Mormon Testifying of Its Past, 2, 12344321; Crandall, “Ancient and Modern Chiasms,” 3, ABCDDCBA.

11:1 - 12:8

Fredericks JSOT 52:95-114; ABCDEFEDCBA.

12:2-3

Fredericks JSOT 52:95-114; ABBA.

Esther

1:1 - 20:3

Radday CIA 54; ABCDEFGHGFEDBAC; r = -0.929; Scott, Raising the Dead, 70, ABCDEFGHGFEDCBA.

1 - 10

Weiss BM 13:46-57; Radday BM 20-21:54; Radday LB 27-28:9-10; di Marco LB 37:62; Radday CIA 54-55; two opposing halves (1-5 ∥6-10) filled with a mass of echoing reversals (9:1 “the opposite happened”); cf Porten; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 165, 165-66, ABCXCBA. Grossman Literary Study 22, ABCDEFGHIHGFEDCBA.

1:1-9

Dommershausen Estherrolle; ABCDEEDCBA.

1:3 - 10:2

Radday CIA 55-57; ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPMJILNKHOGFCDEBAL; r = -0.847.

1:20

Dommershausen Estherrolle 33 (verb-subj ∥subj-verb), cited in di Marco LB 37:63.

2:18

Dommershausen Estherrolle 53 (esthetic), cited in di Marco LB 37:63.

3 – 7

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 166, ABCXCBA.

3:12

Dommershausen Estherrolle 66 (alliteration), cited in di Marco LB 37:63.

4 – 5

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 166, ABCXCBA.

5:3,6,8 ∥7:2-3

Porten CIA 178-179

7:3 ∥8:5

Porten CIA 179-180

7:5

Dommershausen Estherrolle 95, cited in di Marco LB 37:63.

7:8

Dommershausen Estherrolle 97, cited in di Marco LB 37:63.

8:5

Porten CIA 179

9:2-20

Crandall, “Ancient and Modern Chiasms,” 4, ABCDEFGDHHGFEDCBA.

Daniel

1:1 - 12:13

Gordon Christianity Today 4:132; Radday CIA 53; ABA (Hebrew-Aramaic-Hebrew), or ABBA (Heb& Aram court stories ∥Aram & Heb apocalypses); cf Radday BM 20-21:71; Welch UF VI:427; Testa in Messaggio 3:129, cited in di Marco LB 36:91; D. Christensen JETS 39:537-548; ABCDEXEDCBA, and ABXBAABXBA; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 167, ABXBA; 169, ABCXCBA.

1 - 6

Radday CIA 53; ABABA.

2:1 - 7:28

Lenglet Biblica 53:169-190; ABXBA (une symétrie concentrique), cited in Radday CIA 53; di Marco LB 36:91-92; Aramaic ABCDDBCA; Hartman & Di Lella Daniel 9; Laato JBL 109:207-228; Wilcoxen; cf Miller JSOT 52:115-124. This section includes all the Aramaic poetry. Patterson, GTJ:12, 245-61, ABCCBA.

3 – 6

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 169, ABCXCBA.

3:13-30

Bailey Poet & Peasant; ABCDEFFEDCBA. Aramaic prose.

4

Shea AUSS 23:193-202; ABCCBA, ABXCZBA. Aramaic.

5

Shea AUSS 23:277-295; AXBYBZA, ABA, ABXCZBA. Aramaic.

5:19

Forbes SSS 38 abba; Bullinger Figures of Speech; ABBA. Aramaic prose; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 29, abba.

7

Cf Miller JSOT 52:115-124. Aramaic.

7:1-28

Good, Semeia 32:57, ABCDCBA.

7 - 12

Radday CIA 53, citing R. Smith; angels Gabriel & Michael at the central climax of the 4 visions; Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 168, ABCXCBA.

8 – 12

Christensen, New Testament Epistles and the Revelation to John, 134, ABXBA.

8:1ff

König Stilistik 172, cited in di Marco LB 36:93. Hebrew.

8:10

Dahood in Fisher RSP I, II 159, citing Kselman; 1st & 3rd cola.

9

Doukhan AUSS 17:1-22; ABBA. Hebrew.

9:5-10a

Crandall, “Ancient and Modern Chiasms,” 3, ABCDEEDCBA.

10 – 12

Christensen, New Testament Epistles and the Revelation to John, 135, ABCXCBA.

10:21b - 11:1

König Stilistik 172, cited in di Marco LB 36:93.

12:10b

Hartman & Di Lella Daniel 313. Hebrew prose.

Ezra

Ezra – 2 Chr

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 171, ABCXCBA.

1 - 10

R. Smith; ABAABA; bisected at 1 - 6 ∥7 - 10; cf Radday CIA 52. Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 173, ABCXCBA.

1:16

König Stilistik 145-146, cited in di Marco LB 36:64.

5:9-17a

Porten CIA 181-182; several reversals.

5:11-16

Porten CIA 181; ABCDCBA; Tattenai’s Query.

6:6-7

Porten; abba.

Nehemiah

1 – 13

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 173, ABCXCBA.

1:5-11

R. Smith; Prayer of Nehemiah, centering on 1:8 (Lev 26:33, Deut 4:27); cf Radday CIA 52.

9:6-37

Bliese TBT 39:208-215; ABCDEEDCBA, and ABCCBA; rejected

 

by Boda JSOT 71:55-70.

17:3-4

Weiss BM 13:51.

17:8a

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172, cited in di Marco LB 37:64.

21:10b

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172, cited in di Marco LB 37:64.

32:7-8

Weiss BM 13:51.

I Chronicles

1 – 29

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 175, ABCXCBA.

 

Cf Radday CIA 52.

1 - 9

Dillard JSOT 30:85-93; ABCDCBA; Solomon Narrative. Knoppers, JBL 122, 631, abcdcba.

1 – 10

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 171, ABCXCBA.

2:1-4:23

Knoppers, JBL 122:638, aba.

9:2-11:9

Berger Chiasm and Meaning

5:1-3

Klaus Pivot Patterns.

9:44

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172, cited in di Marco LB 37:64.

11:1-12:41

Dillard, JSOT, 30, Oct. 1984, 91, ABCDDCBA; Allen, JSOT 41 (1988): 26-27, ABCDDCBA.

16:22

R. Smith

16:23-24∥32-33

∥Ps 96:1-2∥12-13

16:34-36

∥Ps 106:1∥48

21:8a

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172, cited in di Marco LB 37:64.

21:8b

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172, cited in di Marco LB 37:64.

22:13

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172, cited in di Marco LB 37:64.

24:7

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172, cited in di Marco LB 37:64.

II Chronicles

1 – 36

Christensen, Unity of the Bible, 176, ABCXCBA.

 

Cf Radday CIA 52.

1:1 - 9:28

Dillard WTJ 43:289-300; ABCDEDCBA; Dillard 2 Chronicles 5-6; ABCDDCBA, cited by M. Silva God, Language and Scripture; Dillard, JSOT, 30, Oct 1984, 87-88, ABCDDCBA.

11:1-12:41

Dillard, JSOT 30, Oct 1984: 91, ABCDDCBA.

12:2-9

Schniedewind How the Bible 19-21; ABA; an example of Wiederaufnahme = “repetitive resumption” as an editorial technique for insertion here of text in I Ki 14:25.

17:1-19

Knoppers Biblica 72:500-524; ABCDDCBA.

17:3-4

Weiss BM 13:51.

17:8a

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172, cited in di Marco LB 37:64.

21:10b

König Stilistik 145-146,171-172, cited in di Marco LB 37:64.

32 ∥Dan 11 ∥Lk 19:43-44 ∥Zech 14

Bullinger Number in Scripture 240; four prophesied sieges of Jerusalem (7th Sennacherib, 14th Antiochus, 21st Hadrian, and 28th the Antichrist).

32:7-8

Bullinger Figures of Speech; ABBA; Weiss BM 13:51; Boys, Key to the Book of Psalms, 28, abba.

34:3b-5

Arneth, ZABR, 203, ABBA ABBA.

34:4-7

Washburn Trinity Journal 12:59-78; Josiah Story.

34:6-7

Arneth, ZABR, 203, ABBA ABBA.

OLD HEBREW INSCRIPTIONS

 

Khirbet Beit Lei Cave, Inscription A (West Wall), ca. 587 B.C.

1-2

Cross in Sanders, ed., N. Glueck Festschrift 301; ABA in 8/7/8 syllable count, “symmetrically balanced”; cf UT 51:IV:41-43a = ʿnt:V:38-39; Cross Canaanite Myth and Hebrew Epic 184 n. 163, and Welch UF VI:423, for same syllable count; inscription also published in Naveh IEJ 13:74-96.

ARAMAIC DOCUMENTS FROM ELEPHANTINE

C 6

Porten

C 8:3-8

Porten CIA 171; abcddcab.

C 13:2-7

Porten CIA 172; ABCDCBA.

C 20

Porten

C 30:23ff

Porten; triads; ABA twice; Bagohi Report

D 7:1-10

Porten CIA ; reversal for contrast in 7:3-5; Arsames Letter.

K 3

Porten CIA 175-176; abcdcdba.

K 4

Porten CIA 170; abcdacdb.

K 5

Porten CIA 176

K 6

Porten

K 8

Porten CIA 176

K 9:2-18

Porten CIA 171; abcdacdb; multistructure.

1 Enoch

1:8-5:6

Nickelsburg, 1 Enoch 1, 152, abccba.